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Colonial Society on the Eve of Revolution 1700-1755 (Ch. 5 and 6)

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1 Colonial Society on the Eve of Revolution (Ch. 5 and 6)

2 As a result of the rapid population growth in colonial America during the eighteenth century A.a momentous shift occurred in the balance of power between the colonies and the mother country. B.the British government was pleased that more workers would be available to fill an increasing need for laborers in Britain. C.the need for slave labor declined. D.the colonists became more dependent on Britain for the goods that they needed to survive. E.the British government granted greater autonomy to colonial governments.

3 As a result of the rapid population growth in colonial America during the eighteenth century A.a momentous shift occurred in the balance of power between the colonies and the mother country. B.the British government was pleased that more workers would be available to fill an increasing need for laborers in Britain. C.the need for slave labor declined. D.the colonists became more dependent on Britain for the goods that they needed to survive. E.the British government granted greater autonomy to colonial governments.

4 KNOW YOUR REGIONS New England (Northern: Mass, RI, Conn., New Ham. Middle: Penn, NY, NJ, Delaware. South: Virginia, Maryland, North Car., South Car., Georgia The Chesapeake (Virginia and Maryland)

5 Outline of our Discussion (your cues):  Chapter 5 ( )  Review: Where did the colonies come from?  New Ethnicities Bring New Issues  Social Class in the New World  The Great Awakening: Religion in the 18 th Century  Education in the Colonies  Culture and Folkways  The Press and Politics  Chapter 6  France and New France  The French and Indian War  Uh Oh… Colonials become Restless…like you pesky teenagers

6 Growth of America? Jamestown & Plymouth? Growth of the colonies to 1776?

7 A Little Review to Help the Brain  Remember the Colonies:  New England ▪ Religious : Intolerant and Puritanical (leading to Congregational) ▪ Political: Town Meetings, Majority Rule, Mayflower Compact ▪ Economic: Diversification, shipping, lumber, fish, subsistence ag.

8 The population growth of the American colonies by 1775 is attributed mostly to A.white immigration from Europe. B.the natural fertility of Native Americans. C.the importation of slaves from Africa. D.the influx of immigrants from Latin America. E.the natural fertility of all Americans.

9 The population growth of the American colonies by 1775 is attributed mostly to A.white immigration from Europe. B.the natural fertility of Native Americans. C.the importation of slaves from Africa. D.the influx of immigrants from Latin America. E.the natural fertility of all Americans.

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11 A Little Review to Help the Brain  Remember the Colonies:  Middle Colonies: ▪ Religious: Diversity, toleration, Quaker Haven ▪ Political: Representative Assemblies ▪ Economic: Rich soil produced grain, shipping and commercial centers in the cities

12 A Little Review to Help the Brain  Remember the Colonies:  Southern Colonies: ▪ Religious: Anglican Church Slavocracy ▪ Political: Ruled by Aristocratic Elite (Slavocracy) ▪ Economic: Focused on Cash Crops (Tobacco, Rice, Indigo)

13 Slavery Northern and Middle Colonies: – Domestic Servants, Urban Slaves – Little agricultural slaves – Merchants and traders profiting from the slave trade. Southern Colonies: – Upper South – Tobacco (poor man’s crop), gang system (Slaves developed more Euro-African American Culture) – Lower South – Rice (rich man’s crop), task system (Slaves retained more African Traditions)

14 Slave Rebellions Resistance: – Runaways Florida and the cities (why Florida?) – NYC Slave Revolt st in British North America – Stono Rebellion 1739 South Carolina Largest pre-Revolutionary War revolt Put down by white militia

15 When several colonial legislatures attempted to restrict or halt the importation of slaves, British authorities A.applauded the efforts. B.vetoed such efforts. C.allowed only South Carolina's legislation to stand. D.viewed such colonial actions as morally callous. E.did nothing.

16 When several colonial legislatures attempted to restrict or halt the importation of slaves, British authorities A.applauded the efforts. B.vetoed such efforts. C.allowed only South Carolina's legislation to stand. D.viewed such colonial actions as morally callous. E.did nothing.

17 The average age of the American colonists in 1775 was A.30. B.27. C.25. D.20. E.16.

18 The average age of the American colonists in 1775 was A.30. B.27. C.25. D.20. E.16.

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20 South Carolina

21 IMMIGRANTS AND ETHNICITIES CHANGES 1700 TO 1763

22 Immigrants and Ethnicities Talking about VOLUNTARY Immigrants (not involuntary slaves) Reasons for Immigration: – Chance to own land (do they?) – Greater social mobility (always?) – Religious freedom (everywhere?) – Lower taxes & Material Goods – Better diet (MORE MEAT!)

23 An armed march in Philadelphia in 1764, protesting the Quaker oligarchy's lenient policy toward the Indians was known as A.Bacon's Rebellion. B.March of the Paxton Boys. C.Regulator Movement. D.Shays' Rebellion. E.Oligarchy Revolution

24 An armed march in Philadelphia in 1764, protesting the Quaker oligarchy's lenient policy toward the Indians was known as A.Bacon's Rebellion. B.March of the Paxton Boys. C.Regulator Movement. D.Shays' Rebellion. E.Oligarchy Revolution.

25 Immigrant Groups  Immigration also contributed to population growth in the 18th century.  English and Welsh were still important, but other European groups arrive (Esp. the Middle Colonies) 25

26 In North Carolina, spearheaded by the Scotch-Irish, a small insurrection against eastern domination of the colony's affair was known as A.Bacon's Rebellion. B.March of the Paxton Boys. C.Regulator Movement. D.Shays' Rebellion. E.Whiskey Rebellion.

27 In North Carolina, spearheaded by the Scotch-Irish, a small insurrection against eastern domination of the colony's affair was known as A.Bacon's Rebellion. B.March of the Paxton Boys. C.Regulator Movement. D.Shays' Rebellion. E.Whiskey Rebellion.

28 Diversity through Immigration 28

29 More Immigrants Causes Complexity Booming immigrant population calls for more cheap land… Where (who?) do they get it from? Isolation on the frontier – Scots-Irish Confrontation with the Natives Need of “protection” causes growth of militias (ready made army… kinda)

30 East vs. west land conflicts Paxton Boys Paxton Boys

31 Discussion Question: How does the rising diversity in Ethnicity and Immigration affect colonial identity?

32 By 1775, the ____ were the largest non- English ethnic group in colonial America A.Africans B.Germans C.West Indians D.Scots-Irish E.Irish

33 By 1775, the ____ were the largest non- English ethnic group in colonial America A.Africans B.Germans C.West Indians D.Scots-Irish E.Irish

34 SOUTHERN Social Class: Rise of the Elites Small Landowning Farmers Lesser Tradesmen, Manual Laborers, Hired Hands Indentured Servants and Jailbirds SLAVES Aristocrats: Leading Planters, Merchants, Lawyers, Officials, Clergymen Lesser Professional Men The Irish

35 Discussion Questions: Was there greater social mobility in the English colonies? What contributed to this social mobility? What was a major impediment to the idea of social mobility in the English colonies? Why?

36 The riches created by the growing slave population in the American South A.were distributed evenly among whites. B.helped to narrow the gap between rich and poor. C.created a serious problem with inflation. D.were not distributed evenly among whites. E.enabled poor whites to escape tenant farming.

37 The riches created by the growing slave population in the American South A.were distributed evenly among whites. B.helped to narrow the gap between rich and poor. C.created a serious problem with inflation. D.were not distributed evenly among whites. E.enabled poor whites to escape tenant farming.

38 RELIGION AND THE ENLIGHTENMENT Whitefield Charles Finney Mr. Finney

39 The most ethnically diverse region of colonial America was ____, whereas ____ was the least ethnically diverse. A.New England, the South B.the middle colonies, the South C.the South, New England D.the middle colonies, New England E.the frontier regions, New England

40 The most ethnically diverse region of colonial America was ____, whereas ____ was the least ethnically diverse. A.New England, the South B.the middle colonies, the South C.the South, New England D.the middle colonies, New England E.the frontier regions, New England

41 Religion Name of ReligionNumber of MembersChief Location Congregationalist575,000New England Anglicans500,000N.Y, Southern Colonies Presbyterians410,000Frontier (West) German Churches (Including Lutherans) 200,000Pennsylvania Dutch Reformed75,000N.Y., N.J. Quakers40,000Pennsylvania, N.J., Delaware Baptists25,000R.I., Penn, N.J., Del. Roman Catholics25,000Maryland, Penn Methodist5,000Scattered throughout Jews2,000N.Y., R.I. TOTAL MEMBERSHIP1,857,000 TOTAL POPULATION2,493,000 % of Population that were Members 74%

42 Religion Continued Tax Supported (Established) Churches, 1775 ColoniesChurchDate of Disestablishment MassachusettsCongregationalist1833 ConnecticutCongregationalist1818 New HampshireCongregationalist1819 Rhode IslandNONE New YorkAnglican (Only in NYC)1777 New JerseyNONE PennsylvaniaNONE DelawareNONE MarylandAnglican1777 VirginiaAnglican1786 North CarolinaAnglican1776 South CarolinaAnglican1778 GeorgiaAnglican1777

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45 In contrast to the seventeenth century, by 1775, colonial Americans A.had become more stratified into social classes and had less social mobility. B.had all but eliminated poverty. C.found that it was easier for ordinary people to acquire land. D.had nearly lost their fear of slave rebellion. E.had few people who owned small farms.

46 In contrast to the seventeenth century, by 1775, colonial Americans A.had become more stratified into social classes and had less social mobility. B.had all but eliminated poverty. C.found that it was easier for ordinary people to acquire land. D.had nearly lost their fear of slave rebellion. E.had few people who owned small farms.

47 The Enlightenment Rule of reason and logic Scientific Method Philosophy that attempts to explain the earth through human endeavors Creation of Deism Creation of Deism – Superior being created Universe, universe is guided by logical principles Many founding fathers were followers of the Enlightenment and Deism – Jefferson, Washington, Franklin

48 God as the “watchmaker”

49 The Great Awakening: A Reaction to the Enlightenment

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51 Jonathan Edwards The “New Lights” Ron Weasley

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53 Great Awakening (in 3 Parts) Jonathon Edwards – “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” Jonathon Edwards – “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” – Anti-Arminianism (unconditional salvation vs. conditional salvation) – Helps orchestrated George Whitefield George Whitefield George Whitefield – Conversion through emotion – Frontier, itinerant preacher – Preaches to the Poor – “New lights” John Wesley John Wesley – Methodist (reform religion – anti-slavery, prison reform, temperance) – Embraced Arminianism – (Faith leads to election)

54 Effects of the Great Awakening Short Term: – Americans become more emotional – Churches split over revivals (new denominations) – More powerful amongst the Frontiersmen (poor people) – More disunity between the colonies

55 Effects of the Great Awakening Long Term: – Inspired criticism of colonial society – Breaks down localism First mass movement that spread over all of the colonies – Methodists, Baptists, Presbys grow… Anglicans, Catholics, and Quakers shrink.

56 Scots-Irish

57 Discussion Question How did the printing press change American society?

58 Benjamin Franklin The First “American”  Born in Boston (moved to Philly)  Inventor, Scientist, Printer  Early career: satires of N.E. under the pseudonym Silence Dogooder  Later career: Poor Richard’s Almanack  Respected diplomat, author, philosopher

59 On the eve of the American Revolution, social and economic mobility decreased, partly because A.some merchants made huge profits as military suppliers. B.of peacetime economic developments. C.fewer yeoman farmers were arriving from Europe. D.of the religious impact of the Puritans. E.of the increase in the slave trade.

60 On the eve of the American Revolution, social and economic mobility decreased, partly because A.some merchants made huge profits as military suppliers. B.of peacetime economic developments. C.fewer yeoman farmers were arriving from Europe. D.of the religious impact of the Puritans. E.of the increase in the slave trade.

61 Things you didn’t know Benjamin Franklin invented

62 Words of Poor Richard A Flatterer never seems absurd The Flattered always takes his Word Beware of meat twice boil’d and an old foe reconcil’d He’s the best physician that knows the worthlessness of most medicines

63 Art and Artists Phyllis Wheatley – Former Slave – Poet John Trumbull – Painter Charles Willson Peale – Painter – Washington’s portrait Benjamin West John Singleton Copley – Painters – Loyalists Most had to go to England and Europe to become famous artists and train

64 Match each individual on the left with his or her talent. A.A-2, B-1, C-3 B.A-1, B-3, C-2 C.A-3, B-2, C-1 D.A-1, B-2, C-3 E.A-2, B-3, C-1 A.Jonathan Edwards1.poet B.Benjamin Franklin2.scientist C.Phillis Wheatley3.theologian 4.portrait artist

65 Match each individual on the left with his or her talent. A.A-2, B-1, C-3 B.A-1, B-3, C-2 C.A-3, B-2, C-1 D.A-1, B-2, C-3 E.A-2, B-3, C-1 A.Jonathan Edwards1.poet B.Benjamin Franklin2.scientist C.Phillis Wheatley3.theologian 4.portrait artist

66 The Great Awakening A.a.undermined the prestige of the learned clergy in the colonies. B.b.split colonial churches into several competing denominations. C.c.led to the founding of Princeton, Dartmouth, and Rutgers colleges. D.d.was the first spontaneous mass movement of the American people. E.e.All of these

67 The Great Awakening A.a.undermined the prestige of the learned clergy in the colonies. B.b.split colonial churches into several competing denominations. C.c.led to the founding of Princeton, Dartmouth, and Rutgers colleges. D.d.was the first spontaneous mass movement of the American people. E.e.All of these

68 In colonial America, education was most zealously promoted A.in the South. B.in New England. C.on the frontier. D.in the middle colonies. E.in those areas controlled by Spain.

69 In colonial America, education was most zealously promoted A.in the South. B.in New England. C.on the frontier. D.in the middle colonies. E.in those areas controlled by Spain.

70 The first American college free from denominational control was A.Harvard. B.Yale. C.New York University. D.Brown University. E.the University of Pennsylvania

71 The first American college free from denominational control was A.Harvard. B.Yale. C.New York University. D.Brown University. E.the University of Pennsylvania

72 Culture in colonial America A.involved heavy investment in art. B.was generally ignored and unappreciated. C.showed its native creativity in architecture. D.was always important to the colonists. E.for a long time rejected any European influence.

73 Culture in colonial America A.involved heavy investment in art. B.was generally ignored and unappreciated. C.showed its native creativity in architecture. D.was always important to the colonists. E.for a long time rejected any European influence.

74 The person most often called the "first civilized American" was A.Thomas Jefferson. B.John Trumbull. C.John Winthrop. D.Phillis Wheatley. E.Benjamin Franklin.

75 The person most often called the "first civilized American" was A.Thomas Jefferson. B.John Trumbull. C.John Winthrop. D.Phillis Wheatley. E.Benjamin Franklin.

76 The jury's decision in the case of John Peter Zenger, a newspaper printer, was significant because A.he was found guilty. B.it supported English law. C.it pointed the way to freedom of the press. D.the ruling prohibited criticism of political officials. E.it allowed the press to print irresponsible criticisms of powerful people.

77 The jury's decision in the case of John Peter Zenger, a newspaper printer, was significant because A.he was found guilty. B.it supported English law. C.it pointed the way to freedom of the press. D.the ruling prohibited criticism of political officials. E.it allowed the press to print irresponsible criticisms of powerful people.

78 By 1775, most governors of American colonies were A.appointed by colonial proprietors. B.appointed by the king. C.elected by popular vote. D.elected by the vote of colonial legislatures. E.appointed by the British Parliament.

79 By 1775, most governors of American colonies were A.appointed by colonial proprietors. B.appointed by the king. C.elected by popular vote. D.elected by the vote of colonial legislatures. E.appointed by the British Parliament.

80 In colonial elections A.most eligible voters zealously exercised their right to vote. B.the right to vote was reserved for property holders. C.only a small landed elite had the right to vote. D.average citizens were usually elected to office. E.true democracy had arrived.

81 In colonial elections A.most eligible voters zealously exercised their right to vote. B.the right to vote was reserved for property holders. C.only a small landed elite had the right to vote. D.average citizens were usually elected to office. E.true democracy had arrived.

82 Chapter 6 When Empires Clash!

83 Potential problems?

84 During the seventeenth century America established the precedent of A.starting wars in Europe. B.being somewhat involved in every world war since C.relying totally on the British for defense. D.staying out of European wars totally.

85 During the seventeenth century America established the precedent of A.starting wars in Europe. B.being somewhat involved in every world war since C.relying totally on the British for defense. D.staying out of European wars totally.

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87 During a generation of peace following the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht, Britain provided its American colonies with A.a large military presence for protection. B.decades of salutary neglect. C.many, higher taxes passed by Parliament. D.all of the above.

88 During a generation of peace following the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht, Britain provided its American colonies with A.a large military presence for protection. B.decades of salutary neglect. C.many, higher taxes passed by Parliament. D.all of the above.

89 King William’s & Queen Anne’s War – 2 different events English colonists fought the French coureurs de bois beaver hunters) and the Indians Video: King William’s War

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91 King William’s & Queen Anne’s War – 2 different events The peace deal in Utrecht in 1713 gave Acadia, Newfoundland, and Hudson Bay to England Video: Queen Anne’s War

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93 In the various World Wars before 1754, Americans A.functioned as a unified fighting force. B.received more support from France than Britain. C.demonstrated a lack of unity between colonies D.were not involved in combat.

94 In the various World Wars before 1754, Americans A.functioned as a unified fighting force. B.received more support from France than Britain. C.demonstrated a lack of unity between colonies D.were not involved in combat.

95 France was finally able to join in the scramble for colonies in the New World as a result of the A.Protestant takeover of the French government. B.end of the religious wars. C.revocation of the Edict of Nantes. D.St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre.

96 France was finally able to join in the scramble for colonies in the New World as a result of the A.Protestant takeover of the French government. B.end of the religious wars. C.revocation of the Edict of Nantes. D.St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre.

97 British Territory after Two Wars, 1713

98 Unlike the first three Anglo-French wars, the French and Indian War A.did not affect American colonists' attitudes toward England. B.was fought initially on the North American continent. C.united British colonists in strong support of the mother country D.won the British territorial concessions.

99 Unlike the first three Anglo-French wars, the French and Indian War A.did not affect American colonists' attitudes toward England. B.was fought initially on the North American continent. C.united British colonists in strong support of the mother country D.won the British territorial concessions.

100 War of Jenkin’s Ear British Captain caught smuggling by Spanish Spanish cut off his ear and sent him home to the King War broke out in 1739 between British and Spanish Confined to Caribbean

101 Turns into War of Austrian Succession in Europe Called King George’s War in the colonies France allied with Spain Peace terms gave Louisbourg back to France Video: King George’s War

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103 Colonial Participation As four “world” wars were fought the colonials participated when it met their needs: – Eng v. Spain = Ga and S.C. – England v. France = Pa, Ve, NH, NY. – Angered when lands they won were given back to Fr. & Sp. In exchange for Eng. Land lost in Europe.

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105 North America in 1750

106 The climactic clash between Britain and France for control of the North American continent sprang from their rivalry for control of A.Cape Breton Island. B.Ohio R. Valley C.Mississippi River. D.Great Lakes.

107 The climactic clash between Britain and France for control of the North American continent sprang from their rivalry for control of A.Cape Breton Island. B.Ohio River Valley C.Mississippi River. D.Great Lakes.

108 BritishFrench Fort Necessity Fort Duquesne * George Washington * Delaware & Shawnee Indians The Ohio Valley 1754  Another First Clash

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110 We Surrender RUN AWAY

111 In his first military command in the French and Indian War, George Washington A.helped to force the French from Nova Scotia. B.was defeated, but allowed to surrender. C.received strong support from the British. D.won at Fort Duquesne.

112 In his first military command in the French and Indian War, George Washington A.helped to force the French from Nova Scotia. B.was defeated, but allowed to surrender. C.received strong support from the British. D.won at Fort Duquesne.

113 1754  Albany Plan of Union Two part plan – Keep Iroquois on English side. (partially successful) – Create a combined NE government (Total Failure, as Eng saw it as too independent, and colonies as too weak)

114 The immediate purpose of the Albany Congress of 1754 was to A.support George Washington's desire to head the colonial militia. B.prevent the French from attacking American outposts. C.keep the Iroquois tribes loyal to the British. D.request the help of the British military

115 The immediate purpose of the Albany Congress of 1754 was to A.support George Washington's desire to head the colonial militia. B.prevent the French from attacking American outposts. C.keep the Iroquois tribes loyal to the British. D.request the help of the British military

116 Albany Plan of Union Aware of the hard times that war could put on the colonies, English officials suggested a "union between ye Royal, Proprietary & Charter Governments." Some colonial leaders agreed and in June 1754 delegates from most of the northern colonies and representatives from the Six Iroquois Nations met in Albany, New York. They decided on a "plan of union" drafted by Benjamin Franklin. Under this plan each colonial legislature would elect delegates to an American continental assembly presided over by a royal governor.

117 First of all, Franklin anticipated many of the problems that would beset the government created after independence, such as finance, dealing with the Indian tribes, control of trade, and defense. British officials realized that, if adopted, the plan could create a very powerful government that His Majesty's Government might not be able to control. The plan was rejected by the Crown and by the legislatures in several of the colonies.

118 Gen. Edward Braddock  evict the French from the OH Valley & Canada (Newfoundland & Nova Scotia) A Attacks OH Valley, Mohawk Valley, & Acadia. A Killed 10 mi. from Ft. Duquesne  by 1500 French and Indian forces. Only Br. Success  expelled French from Acadia. CAJUNS 1755  Br. Decides to Eliminate Fr. Presence in No. Amer.

119 Native American tribes exploited both sides! Lord Loudouin Marquis de Montcalm 1756  War Is Formally Declared!

120 As a result of General Braddock's defeat a few miles from Fort Duquesne, A.General Braddock was forced to leave the military B.George Washington was left without a military command. C.the frontier from Pennsylvania to North Carolina was open to Indian attack. D.the British controlled the frontier.

121 As a result of General Braddock's defeat a few miles from Fort Duquesne, A.General Braddock was forced to leave the military B.George Washington was left without a military command. C.the frontier from Pennsylvania to North Carolina was open to Indian attack. D.the British controlled the frontier.

122 British March in formation or bayonet charge.  March in formation or bayonet charge. Br. officers wanted to take charge of colonials.  Br. officers wanted to take charge of colonials. Prima Donna Br. officers with servants & tea settings.  Prima Donna Br. officers with servants & tea settings. Drills & tough discipline.  Drills & tough discipline. Colonists should pay for their own defense.  Colonists should pay for their own defense. Indian-style guerilla tactics.  Indian-style guerilla tactics. Col. militias served under own captains.  Col. militias served under own captains. No mil. deference or protocols observed.  No mil. deference or protocols observed. Resistance to rising taxes.  Resistance to rising taxes. Casual, non-professionals.  Casual, non-professionals. Methods of Fighting: Military Organization : Military Discipline: Finances: Demeanor: British-American Colonial Tensions Colonials

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124 The British invasion of Canada in 1756 during the French and Indian War A.ended in British defeat. B.concentrated on Quebec and Montreal. C.followed sound strategic planning. D.resulted in victory for Britain.

125 The British invasion of Canada in 1756 during the French and Indian War A.ended in British defeat. B.concentrated on Quebec and Montreal. C.followed sound strategic planning. D.resulted in victory for Britain.

126 A He understood colonial concerns. A He offered them a compromise: - col. loyalty & mil. cooperation-->Br. would reimburse col. assemblies for their costs. - col. loyalty & mil. cooperation-->Br. would reimburse col. assemblies for their costs. - Lord Loudoun would be removed. - Lord Loudoun would be removed. RESULTS?  Colonial morale increased by  William Pitt Becomes Foreign Minister

127 * By 1761, Sp. has become an ally of Fr  The Tide Turns for England

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134 France --> lost her Canadian possessions, most of her empire in India, and claims to lands east of the Mississippi River. Spain --> got all French lands west of the Mississippi River, New Orleans, but lost Florida to England. England --> got all French lands in Canada, exclusive rights to Caribbean slave trade, and commercial dominance in India  Treaty of Paris

135 North America in 1763

136 1. It increased her colonial empire in the Americas. 2. It greatly enlarged England’s debt. 3. Britain’s contempt for the colonials created bitter feelings. Therefore, England felt that a major reorganization of her American Empire was necessary! Effects of the War on Britain?

137 With the end of the French and Indian War, the disunity jealousy and suspicion that had long existed amongst the American colonials A.resulted in renewed acts of violence. B.finally came to a complete end. C.continued without change. D.began to melt somewhat.

138 With the end of the French and Indian War, the disunity jealousy and suspicion that had long existed amongst the American colonials A.resulted in renewed acts of violence. B.finally came to a complete end. C.continued without change. D.began to melt somewhat.

139 1. It united them against a common enemy for the first time. 2. It created a socializing experience for all the colonials who participated. 3. It created bitter feelings towards the British that would only intensify. Effects of the War on the American Colonials

140 1763  Pontiac’s Rebellion Fort Detroit British “gifts” of smallpox-infected blankets from Fort Pitt. The Aftermath: Tensions Along the Frontier

141 Pontiac’s Rebellion (1763)

142 British  Proclamation Line of Colonials  Paxton Boys (PA) BACKLASH!BACKLASH!

143 Br. Gvt. measures to prevent smuggling:  James Otis’ case  Protection of a citizen’s private property must be held in higher regard than a parliamentary statute. A 1761  writs of assistance  He lost  parliamentary law and custom had equal weight. Rethinking Their Empire


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