Presentation on theme: "A Close Look at Hydroelectric Dams, Generators and Coal Power Plants."— Presentation transcript:
A Close Look at Hydroelectric Dams, Generators and Coal Power Plants
Turbine and Generator Generators create electricity when their internal components (rotors) rotate within their external housing (stator) This rotation requires some form of power to spin the generator shaft. Most power plants use a turbine blade to rotate the shaft. A source of power is required to rotate the turbines.
The dam builds up a reservoir of water. This reservoir is higher up than the next portion of the river/waterway. The dam opens up and lets water flow down the penstock. At the bottom of the penstock is a turbine blade. As the water flows across the turbine, the blade spins. This in turn spins the generator shaft.
The faster the generator shaft spins, the faster the internal components in the generator spin. This rotational energy is then transformed into electrical energy. The amount of energy a dam can use is controlled by the height of the dam, or the volume of water that flows through a dam. There is little, to no emissions caused by a dam. However, dams interfere with natural waterways and/or flood large expanses of land.
The water flows down the penstock, spins the turbine and exits through the tailrace. This is a relatively clean source of electricity with little to no emissions. generator transformer penstock forebay screen tailrace river generator shaft turbine Electricity flows through power lines
Coal plants burn coal to create electricity. The burning coal heats up a water boiler. The boiling water turns into steam. This steam is directed towards turbine causing the turbine to spin (see dam note). The power output can be controlled by the amount of coal being burned and the volume of steam flowing through the system. The steam is then condensed back into water to be used again.
Coal Plant Smoke Stacks Pros: Currently coal is cheap and we have plenty of it. Cons: Creates a lot of carbon dioxide and can produce sulfer dioxide which turns into sulfuric acid (acid rain) Coal mining can be environmentally damaging.