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Guidelines, Requirements & Training for Vessels Carrying Natural Gas as Fuel Margaret Kaigh Doyle September 4,
Copyright © 2014 United States Maritime Resource Center, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2 IMO Regulations and Guidance US Coast Guard – existing guidance documents US Coat Guard draft policy letters US Coast Guard Advisory Committee Efforts USMRC LNG Bunkering Training Agenda
IMO Requirements for Gas Fueled Ships Copyright © 2014 United States Maritime Resource Center, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The first session of the Sub-Committee on Human Element, Training and Watchkeeping (HTW 1) took place at the Headquarters of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) in London between 17 and 22 February
IMO Requirements for Gas Fueled Ships Copyright © 2014 United States Maritime Resource Center, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The HTW Sub-Committee developed draft amendments to Chapter V of STCW Convention and Code relating to training and certification requirements for seafarers on board ships using gases or other low flashpoint fuels as well as interim guidance on training for seafarers serving on ships using gases or other low flashpoint fuels. 4
IMO Requirements for Gas Fueled Ships Copyright © 2014 United States Maritime Resource Center, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The STCW amendments would be adopted and be part of the 2015 amendments to STCW, however, they will be worded so that they will come into force when the IGF Code comes into force (~2017). 5
IMO Requirements for Gas Fueled Ships Copyright © 2014 United States Maritime Resource Center, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The circular will come into effect when MSC approves it as a Resolution in November. Its purpose is to provide guidance until the IGF Code and the relevant STCW amendments come into force. It is also expected to replace the training sections in MSC Resolution 285(86) Chapter 8. 6
US Coast Guard Existing Guidance Copyright © 2014 United States Maritime Resource Center, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Policy Letter – Equivalency Determination Design Criteria for Gas Fuel Systems Based on IMO Resolution MSC Establishes design and safety criteria for gas fuel systems Design only – Does not apply to training, credentialing or operations 7
US Coast Guard Draft Guidance Copyright © 2013 United States Maritime Resource Center, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Draft Policy Letter GUIDELINES FOR LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS FUEL TRANSFER OPERATIONS AND TRAINING OF PERSONNEL ON VESSELS USING NATURAL GAS AS FUEL 8
Chemical Transportation Advisory Committee (CTAC) Merchant Marine Personnel Advisory Committee (MERPAC) Towing Safety Advisory Committee (TSAC) Copyright © 2014United States Maritime Resource Center, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Entities (USCG Federal Advisory Committees & Sectors) looking at LNG as a marine fuel 9
US Coast Guard Chemical Transportation Advisory Committee Copyright © 2014United States Maritime Resource Center, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The purpose of CTAC is to provide advice and consultation to the Coast Guard's Marine Safety and Environmental Protection Directorate with respect to the water transportation of hazardous materials in bulk. CTAC has traditionally provided technical advice and expertise not otherwise available from other sources. CTAC has not only been a very valuable source of expert advice, it has been a hands-on, extremely productive group, directly assisting the Coast Guard in its efforts to ensure the safe marine transportation of hazardous materials. 10
Identify gaps in current Coast Guard policy and regulation on the design, installation and operation of natural gas fueled systems for propulsion of commercial vessels and the design of novel vessels carrying or processing natural and compressed gas vessels. Develop acceptable design criteria to fill those gaps. Copyright © 2014United States Maritime Resource Center, Inc. All Rights Reserved. LNG as a Fuel Task Statement Background 11
Carriage of LNG (and CNG) as a marine fuel Design requirements for barges not subject to the current regulations Procedures for fuel transfer operations on gas fueled vessels Copyright © 2014United States Maritime Resource Center, Inc. All Rights Reserved. LNG (F) WG Work Subsets 12
Gap Analysis of 33 CFR 127 Review of NVIC Copyright © 2014United States Maritime Resource Center, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Procedures for Fuel Transfer Operations on Gas Fueled Vessels 13
Review of 46 CFR 154 for LNG (F) relevance Policy Letter Framework Completed August 2014 Copyright © 2014United States Maritime Resource Center, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Design Requirements for Barges Not Subject to the Current Regulations 14
Copyright © 2014 United States Maritime Resource Center, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 15 LNG Bunkering PIC Training – First course of its kind offered in the Americas – Inaugural course July 2014 – Partnership with Wärtsilä (Finland) and Harvey Gulf International Marine (USA) – Includes live, practical hands-on LNG safety and emergency response training at the nearby Massachusetts Firefighting Academy – Includes time on Wärtsilä LNGPac system simulator – Reviewed by ABS and DNV GL – Aligned with IMO and USCG draft LNG (F) policy LNG as a Marine Fuel - Training
Copyright © 2014 United States Maritime Resource Center, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 16 This training provides a bridge linking conventional bunkering and the transport of LNG as cargo. The intent of this course is to provide an equivalent level of safety and regulatory compliance using the guidelines, learning objectives and methodology currently used in the maritime training sector. This course will enable the student to demonstrate a knowledge and understanding of: Safe operation for bunkering of liquefied gas when carried as a fuel Relevant LNG fuel propulsion system information LNG safety, fire and pollution prevention measures Safe operational practices specific to the Harvey Gulf International Marine bunkering system LNG Training Development
Copyright © 2014 United States Maritime Resource Center, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 17 Day 1- Introduction to LNG and the Carriage of LNG as a Marine Fuel Day 2 - Characteristics of LNG, LNG Hazards, LNG Safety, Fire and Pollution Prevention and an Overview of the LNG Fueled Propulsion System Day 3 - Hands on LNG Safety and Response Training at Massachusetts Firefighting Academy (MFA) Day 4 - PIC Responsibilities and Procedures During Transfer Day 5 - PIC Simulation and Assessments LNG PIC Bunkering Course Outline
Copyright © 2014 United States Maritime Resource Center, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 18 Mission Advance navigation and operational safety, mitigate risk and to foster environmental stewardship in marine operations through research and education Develop and prepare highly competent, professional mariners to serve aboard a wide range of vessels through training and workforce development Promote the awareness and growth of a strong and vibrant maritime sector through advocacy and community outreach
Copyright © 2014 United States Maritime Resource Center, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 19 Primary Focus on Specialized Programs – Advanced pilot training and candidate evaluation – Tractor tug operations: tethered escort / ship assist – Emergency ship and tug / barge handling – STS, FSRU, FPSO, FSO and mooring buoy ops – High speed craft navigation and handling – Small boat and fast rescue boat operations – ECDIS and other electronic navigation – Independent, practical evaluations of marine personnel for promotion and advancement 40+ USCG Approved STCW Compliant Courses NOAA – USMRC is NOAA’s schoolhouse for professional maritime training for NOAA Corps Officers – Combines classroom, simulation and underway Training
Copyright © 2014 United States Maritime Resource Center, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 20 Facilities – 16,000 ft 2 modern classroom, office and maritime simulation facility – Two (2) simulation debriefing centers – Four (4) multimedia classrooms and meeting spaces Vessels – Expanding inventory of chartered vessels to support practical, hands on, underway training and research activities USMRC Resources
Copyright © 2014 United States Maritime Resource Center, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 21 Simulation Systems
Copyright © 2014 United States Maritime Resource Center, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 22 People – Staff: 10 full-time (FT); 4 part-time (PT) – 30+ Instructors / assessors / curriculum developers – 25+ Marine operations subject matter experts (SMEs) – Global network of industry practitioners across the maritime sector – Advisory Board comprised of recognized industry leaders Simulation Systems – Four (4) own ship simulators capable of being interactively linked for integrated operations – In house modeling capability for port areas and vessels – Purpose built 360 ° ASD tug simulator – Brand new, state of the art, 16 station electronic navigation classroom with latest version of Transas NTPro 5000 software – Comprehensive inventory of ship and tug visual and hydrodynamic math models and geographic area and worldwide port databases Resources
Copyright © 2014 United States Maritime Resource Center, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 23 Client solutions for the most difficult and challenging navigation, marine operations and ports, waterways and terminal development projects Specializing in addressing highly complex and demanding problems: − Simulation studies and new ship design trials − Terminal design evaluation – proof of concept − Dredging plan / turning basin / channel design studies − Port / terminal / waterway / navigation assessments − Establish operating limits and tug power requirements − Familiarization training for harbor and docking pilots − Emergency procedures testing and validation − Other marine operations research Research
Copyright © 2014 United States Maritime Resource Center, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 24 Use of LNG as a marine fuel – Additional courses and seminars for shore based personnel and decision makers – Establish mechanism to represent unique interests of marine gas fuels users, suppliers and related stakeholders in the Americas Collaboration with SGMF – Training standards Emerging Initiatives
Copyright © 2014 United States Maritime Resource Center, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 25 Location Our facility overlooks the adjacent historic coastal maritime center of Newport and the Atlantic Ocean across Easton Pond. Middletown Newport County Rhode Island
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