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Middle East Review EconomicPoliticalSocialArea $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 ReligiousIntellectual.

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Presentation on theme: "Middle East Review EconomicPoliticalSocialArea $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 ReligiousIntellectual."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Middle East Review

3 EconomicPoliticalSocialArea $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 ReligiousIntellectual $100 $200 $300 $400 $500

4 Political $100 “If a [noble] man puts out the eye of another [noble] man, his eye shall be put out.” “If he breaks another [noble] man’s bone, his bone shall be broken.” “If he puts out the eye of a [commoner] or breaks the bone of a [commoner], he shall pay one silver mina.” “If he puts out the eye of a man’s slave or breaks the bone of a man’s slave, he shall pay one-half of its value.” What does the excerpt above from the Code of Hammurabi tell us about Babylonian society?

5 Political $200 Used cuneiform writing system Organized into city-states Hammurabi Code What ancient empire do the phrases above describe?

6 Political $300 Which of the following is the best example of a secular government in an Islamic nation of the 20 th century? A. Ayatollah Khomeini’s Iran B. Gammal Abdel Nassar’s Egypt C. The Taliban in Afghanistan D. Mohammad Khatami Ardakani’s Iran E. The Saud family in Saudi Arabia

7 Political $400 Originally, semi-nomadic Turks Had an elite fighting force of slave troops made of Christian boys Islamic religious scholars served administrative functions Name the empire described above.

8 Political - $500 Name 2 of the 3 Muslim Empires established after the collapse of the Mongolian Empire

9 Political $100-Answer Babylonian society was marked by social inequalities

10 Political $200-Answer Mesopotamia = Land between the rivers

11 Political $300-Answer Which of the following is the best example of a secular government in an Islamic nation of the 20 th century? A. Ayatollah Khomeini’s Iran B. Gammal Abdel Nassar’s Egypt C. The Taliban in Afghanistan D. Mohammad Khatami Ardakani’s Iran E. The Saud family in Saudi Arabia

12 Political $400-Answer Originally, semi-nomadic Turks Had an elite fighting force of slave troops made of Christian boys Islamic religious scholars served administrative functions The Ottoman Empire

13 Political $500 - Answer Ottoman, Safavid, & Mughal Empire

14 Economic - $100 How did the discovery of petroleum affect the Middle East in the late 20 th Century?

15 Economic - $200 Which of the following were trading partners of the Abbasid Empire? A. India & Japan B. Kingdom of the Kongo & China C. The Mediterranean region and Benin D. West Africa & Japan E. The Mediterranean & China

16 Economic - $300 Many Middle Eastern societies are pastoral nomadic. Describe this culture.

17 Economic - $400 Egypt tried to break away from the ________ __________ control over them; hence, Muhammad Ali insisted that Egypt focus on exporting only__________.

18 Economic - $500 The world energy crisis of the early 1970s was caused in part by _____________________________________ _____________________________________

19 Economic $100-Answer The unequal distribution of petroleum resources in the Middle East led to conflict and western intervention

20 Economic $200-Answer Which of the following were trading partners of the Abbasid Empire? A. India & Japan B. Kingdom of the Kongo & China C. The Mediterranean region and Benin D. West Africa & Japan E. The Mediterranean & China

21 Economic $300-Answer Pastoral nomadic societies: Patrilineal Little social stratification Wives live with husband’s families Frequent intertribal warfare Dependent relationship between groups who had more resources and groups less well off

22 Economic $400-Answer Egypt tried to break away from the Ottoman Empire’s control over them; hence, Muhammad Ali insisted that Egypt focus on exporting only cotton

23 Economic $500-Answer The world energy crisis of the early 1970s was caused in part by tensions in the Middle East and increasing fuel consumption in the West

24 Religious - $100 What caused the split between the Sunnis and Shi’ites?

25 Religious - $200 Name 3 monotheistic universal religions that developed in the Middle East in order of their creation

26 Religious - $300 How are Islam, Buddhism, and Christianity similar?

27 Religious - $400 What did the Zionists want?

28 Religious - $500 Name the 5 Pillars of Islam

29 Religious $100 - Answer They disagreed over the succession to Muhammad: Sunnis = caliphs are leaders, not religious authorities Shi’ites = the caliph is a religious and political leader that should be held only by a descendant of Muhammad

30 Religious $200 - Answer Judaism, Christianity, Islam Name 3 monotheistic universal religions that developed in the Middle East in order of their creation

31 Religious $300 - Answer What do Islam, Buddhism, and Christianity have in common? They all believe in an existence after death, stress a moral code of behavior, and have strong missionary movements

32 Religious $400 - Answer What did the Zionists want? A homeland for Jews in Palestine

33 Religious $500 - Answer The 5 Pillars of Islam: 1.Acceptance of Allah as the one and only true god; Muhammad is his prophet 2.Pray 5x a day, facing Mecca 3.Alms to the poor 4.Fasting during the month of Ramadan 5.Pilgrimage to Mecca, if possible

34 Social $100 Describe women’s rights in Muslim society before 800 C.E.

35 Social $200 The Ottoman instituted the ______________ reforms to stop the decline of the empire

36 Social $300 How were the Young Turks and the Meiji Restoration similar?

37 Social $400 Explain Muslim and Christian views of slavery

38 Social $500 After colonization, European nations divided Africa and the Middle East without respect for ethnicity. Several nations were created that contain opposing ethnic groups, resulting in civil unrest in many countries. Choose 2 modern nations below that have this problem today: A. Iran and Japan B. Egypt and Mexico C. Russia and India D. Iraq and Rwanda E. Mexico and India

39 Social $100 - Answer According to Islamic law, women could own property, inherit belongings, and have dowries

40 Social $200 - Answer The Ottoman instituted the Tanzimat reforms to stop the decline of the empire

41 Social $300 - Answer How were the Young Turks and the Meiji Restoration similar? Both wanted to modernize their nations to compete with Europe

42 Social $400 - Answer Explain Muslim & Christian views of slavery Muslims could not enslave their fellow Muslims; Christians were willing to enslave any faith

43 Social $500 - Answer After colonization, European nations divided Africa and the Middle East without respect for ethnicity. Several nations were created that contain opposing ethnic groups, resulting in civil unrest in many countries. Choose 2 modern nations below that have this problem today: A. Iran and Japan B. Egypt and Mexico C. Russia and India D. Iraq and Rwanda E. Mexico and India

44 Intellectual - $100 How did the Muslim world contribute to the revival of European interest in Greek and Roman literature? What was this revival called?

45 Intellectual - $200 “We shall not repeat the past. We shall eradicate it by restoring our rights in the Suez Canal. This money is ours. The canal is the property of Egypt. What Egyptian nationalist made this statement ?

46 Intellectual - $300 You would most likely find this art work in a a.Stupa b.Mosque c.Cathedral d.Temple e.marketplace

47 Intellectual - $400 Intellectual - $400 Name the building, the features that make it Islamic, and its modern day location

48 Intellectual - $500 Intellectual - $500 List 3 Islamic scientific and medical advances

49 Intellectual - $100 - Answer Intellectual - $100 - Answer How did the Muslim world contribute to the revival of European interest in Greek and Roman literature? Muslims preserved ancient Greek and Roman texts What was this revival called? The Renaissance

50 Intellectual - $200 - Answer Intellectual - $200 - Answer Gamal Abdel Nasser

51 Intellectual - $300 - Answer Intellectual - $300 - Answer You would most likely find this art work in a a.Stupa b.Mosque c.Cathedral d.Temple e.marketplace

52 Intellectual - $400 - Answer Intellectual - $400 - Answer Building = Hagia Sophia Islamic features = minarets Location = Istanbul, Turkey Mihrab (pulpit) Minbar (niche)

53 Intellectual - $500 - Answer Intellectual - $500 - Answer List 3 Islamic scientific advances: 1.Eye surgery 2.Cataract removal 3.Used live viruses to prevent contagious diseases 4.Compiled several medical encyclopedias and books 5.Astronomy 6.Algebra 7.Trigonometry

54 Area - $100 In 1991, the U.S. and a coalition of Middle Eastern nations responded to ________________ attack on Kuwait with military support. The war was named for the strategic waterway which provides access to vast oil reserves in the region. This waterway is the _______________ _____________.

55 Area - $200 Area - $200 What was the Intifada?

56 Area - $300 Area - $300 What 16 th century empire does the orange area represent? Explain how this empire collapsed

57 Area - $400 Area - $400 Define the Mandate System

58 Area - $500 Area - $500 Explain how Israel was created and why this has led to instability in the Middle East

59 Area - $100 - Answer Area - $100 - Answer In 1991, the U.S. and a coalition of Middle Eastern nations responded to Iraq’s attack on Kuwait with military support. The war was named for the strategic waterway which provides access to vast oil reserves in the region. This waterway is the Persian Gulf In 2003, the U.S., Britain, & 4 other nations attacked Iraq because it believed it was developing Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) and supporting terrorists. The invasion created instability in Iraq and a civil war developed. U.S. troops currently remain in Iraq to support nation building efforts.

60 Area - $200 - Answer Area - $200 - Answer The Intifada (uprising): Part of the Arab-Israeli conflict Fought over control of Israel, which was created by UN Resolution 181 The lands used to create Israel were also claimed by Palestinians In 1987, young Palestinians used homemade bombs and rock to attack Israeli soldiers The Israeli government responded with violent crackdowns

61 Area - $300 - Answer Area - $300 - Answer Ottoman Empire Started weakening in the 19 th Century Called the “Eastern Question ” or the “ Sick Man of Europe ” Europeans shifted from land to sea routes to trade with the Far East = reduced Ottoman trade income Britain & France “propped up” the Ottoman Empire with economic support to counter-balance the growth of the Russians Mid 1800’s, the Ottomans launched the Tanzimat Reforms in an attempt to hold off their collapse 1853-1854: Crimean War showed how weak the empire was; Britain & France helped them win against Russia Political unrest continued until its final collapse after WWI

62 Area - $400 - Answer Area - $400 - Answer Mandate System: Created by the League of Nations after WWI Europe divided up former German and Ottoman territories France took control of mandates in Syria and Lebanon Britain took control of mandates in Iraq and Palestine

63 Area - $500 - Answer Area - $500 - Answer Britain was given control of the Palestine Mandate after WWI The Balfour Declaration promised the Jews a homeland in Palestine in 1917 UN Resolution 181 created Israel in 1947 Britain divided Palestine into an Arab and Jewish state The UN and the former Soviet Union recognized Israel’s sovereignty Arabs refused to recognize Israel The Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) was created to fight the Jewish state Fighting began after the British withdrew in 1948 Several conflicts: - 6-Day War - Yom Kippur War

64 Final Jeopardy Summarize the causes and results of the Iranian Revolution (1979).

65 Final Jeopardy-Answer 1941, the U.S. backed Muhammad Reza Pahlavi’s seizure of the Iranian throne He declared himself Shah and began modernization and westernization reforms. The Ayatollah Khomeini, an Islamic fundamentalist, opposed the reforms Pahlavi fled in 1979 and Khomeini instituted a Shi’ite theocracy Khomeini overturned Pahlavi’s reforms Banned western movies, books, and music Imposed strict Muslim traditions Iran encourages the growth of Islamic republics throughout the Middle East


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