Presentation on theme: "Transport Helmut Adelsberger European Commission, DG Mobility and Transport (DG MOVE) Thematic Session on EU Transport Infrastructure Policy Brussels,"— Presentation transcript:
Transport Helmut Adelsberger European Commission, DG Mobility and Transport (DG MOVE) Thematic Session on EU Transport Infrastructure Policy Brussels, 14 November
Transport 1. POLITICAL FRAMEWORK AND POSSIBLE APPROACHES 2
Transport Political Framework(1) White Paper on Transport 2050 (published March 2011) -White Paper 2001 "modal shift" -Revision 2006 "co-modality" -White Paper 2011 "modal integration" General Objectives of the White Paper: higher efficiency of transport and infrastructure use; optimised logistic chains (efficiency, sustainability; innovative transport management and information; less CO 2 due to innovative propulsion and fuels =>We need a "green" transport system! 3
Transport Specific Objectives of the White Paper (2050) With transport volumes still growing: Reducing CO 2 emissions of transport by 60%; Eliminating conventionally driven vehicles from cities (2030: - 50 %); Reducing emissions of maritime transport by 40%; Increasing modal share of rail and inland waterways to 50% in medium and long distance transport (2030: 30%); Tripling the length of high speed rail network by 2030; Connect large airports to rail; Deploy innovative technologies (e.g. H 2, LNG; ERTMS); …. Political Framework(2) 4
Transport Possible Approaches and Measures 1.Multimodality and Modal Shift: Legal framework and transport market conditions (laws, regulations, taxes, tolls, subsidies, …) => applicable only to a limited extent! Improving multimodal mobility and logistics. 2.Improvements of Transport Infrastructure: Improving multimodal mobility and logistics (in particular rail, inland waterways, ports, terminals, …): TEN-T => high investments! 3. Innovative Traffic Management and Drive Systems: ITS, ERTMS, RIS, … Electric, H 2, LNG, bio-fuels,...) 5
Transport 2. THE NEW TEN-T POLICY 6
Transport TEN-T development since TEN-T Guidelines for EU 15 (Dec. 1692/96/EC): dense basic network + 14 Priority Projects (“Essen”); 1997Pan-European Corridors I – X (“Helsinki Corridors”); 1999TINA (“Transport Infrastructure Needs Assessment”); 2004Guidelines revision - EU27 (Dec. 884/2004/EC): dense basic network (“old” MS) + TINA network (“new” MS) + 30 Priority Projects (TEN-T PP's: “Van Miert”); 2007Extension of major TEN axes to neighbouring countries (“De Palacio”: COM/2007/0032); 2010Recast of the TEN-T Guidelines (Dec. 661/2010/EU); 2013TEN-T Policy Review + Connecting Europe Facility (CEF). 7
Transport Correspond with the objectives of the Treaty; Reflect a European planning perspective; Form a dual layer (Comprehensive and Core) “network” connecting EU with neighbouring countries and the rest of the world; Comprise all modes of transport (and their linkages): road, rail, sea and inland waterway, ports, RRT's, airports; Take into account environment and climate needs, Comprise technological innovation: traffic information and management systems, infrastructure for innovative power and fuel distribution Overlap with other, also previous concepts: PETC’s, TEN-T PP's, De Palacio axes; ERTMS and rail freight corridors. The new TEN-T 8
Transport TEN-T Comprehensive & Core Network The Comprehensive Network is the dense basic network, to ensure regional accessibility, comprising all modes of transport; determined by Member States, acc. to certain rules (updating the TEN-T of 1996) The Core Network is a subset of the Comprehensive Network: the strategically most important nodes and links, comprising all modes of transport, equipped with innovative technology applications; determined by a special methodology: mixed geographical-traffic demand driven approach, 2 steps: nodes and links (replacing the TEN-T PP's of 2004); implementation by
Transport TEN-T Core Network Corridors (1) 9 Core Network Corridors selected within the Core Network, to improve coordination of implementation: governance structure: 11 European Coordinators (1 per Corridor, + MoS, ERTMS) Corridor Forum (all relevant stakeholders); to optimise multimodal operation for passengers & freight (with particular focus on nodes); to enhance deployment of innovative technologies (pilot applications); Selected to include politically complex projects, in particular border crossing, following previous PETC's, TEN-T PP's, De Palacio axes, ERTMS and rail freight corridors (where part of the Core Network). Rail and inland waterway considered as the backbone. 10
Transport TEN-T Core Network Corridors (2) 11 Corridors: Baltic-Adriatic North Sea - Baltic Mediterranean Orient/East Med Scandinavian-Mediterranean Rhine-Alpine Atlantic North Sea - Mediterranean Rhine-Danube (Final version of map not available.)
Transport Green Paper February 2009 Expert Groups Oct – May 2010 TEN-T Days Zaragoza June ) Formal Decision by Council and EP: late 2013 (?) Negotiations with Council, Parliament and Trilogue: late 2011 – mid 2013 Draft Guidelines (EC Proposal): 19 October 2011 TEN-T Planning Methodology Public consultation Network Planning, Impact Assessment: February – June 2011 Public consultation TEN-T Policy Review – the Process 12
Transport 3. "CONNECTING EUROPE FACILITY" (CEF) 13
Transport 23,2 B€, of which 10 B€ from Cohesion Fund are earmarked for cohesion countries; 80 – 85 % (“multi-annual programme”) for: -3 horizontal priorities, -Core Network Corridors, -other sections of the Core Network. 15 – 20 % (“annual programme”) for -further projects of the Core Network and of the Comprehensive Network (in particular innovation, ITS); Innovative financing instruments (project bonds, PPP); In general, CEF does not apply for road projects (except: ITS, safe parking areas, alternative fuels). 14 CEF Allocation (2014 – 2020)
Transport up to 50% for studies; up to 20% for investments in general; up to 30% for bottlenecks; up to 40% für border crossing projects (only rail and inland waterway); up to 50% für ITS-projects and innovation; up to 85% in cohesion countries (acc. to the rules of Cohesion Fund). Actual allocation of funds upon project applications: -calls by TEN-TEA, -project evaluation (by independent experts), -"EU added value", -project maturity (to ensure absorption of money), -ratio applied volumes vs. available budget. 15 CEF Funding Rates
Transport 4. "GREEN CORRIDORS" 16
Transport Base of the concept: Freight Transport Logistics Action Plan (DG MOVE, 2007): -Green Corridors, -e-freight, e-maritime, … "Green Corridors": The idea is to bundle, along a corridor, all measures to enhance overall efficiency and sustainability, including minimising: -CO 2 emissions, -other negative impacts on environment and human life, This comprises measures in following fields: -multimodality and modal shift, -improvements of transport infrastructure, -innovative traffic management and driving systems (covering all modes of transport). 17 "Green Corridors"
Transport 18 "Green" Core Network Corridors The concept includes operational aspects, which allows: a particular focus on multimodality and modal shift, supported by e-freight, etc.: -ports, road-rail terminals, -airports; an extension to include passenger transport; a particular focus on urban nodes: -optimised linkage long, medium, short distance -city logistics, -public transport. This is in fully line with the goals of BESTFACT.
Transport 19 Long-Term and Final Goals Input expected from past, current and future projects/studies, e.g.: SuperGreen, Bothnian Green Logistic Corridor, Swiftly Green, BESTFACT, … Extension from Core Network Corridors to the entire Core and – finally – Comprehensive Network: => a "Green TEN-T" => a "Green Transport System".
Transport 5. THE BOTHNIAN CORRIDOR 20
Transport Core Network Baltic Region
Transport The Bothnian Corridor (1) The economic artery of Northern Europe The most important mining industry in the European Union The strong growth of Northern Europe has a significant impact on the economy in the European Union.
Transport The Bothnian Corridor (2) 90 % of EU iron ore mining in N. Sweden Significant share of EU production of Zn, Cu, Ag, Au, … 20 mill. ha forests in N. Bothnia and Lapland
Transport The Bothnian Corridor (3) North Bothnia line (270 km) Umea – Lulea: As part of the TEN-T core network to be implemented by 2030! Haparandabanan: Opening 15 January 2013!
Transport THANK YOU FOR YOUR KIND ATTENTION! Helmut Adelsberger DG MOVE 25