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Thematic Session on EU Transport Infrastructure Policy

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Presentation on theme: "Thematic Session on EU Transport Infrastructure Policy"— Presentation transcript:

1 Thematic Session on EU Transport Infrastructure Policy
Brussels, 14 November 2013 Helmut Adelsberger European Commission, DG Mobility and Transport (DG MOVE)


3 Political Framework(1)
White Paper on Transport 2050 (published March 2011) - White Paper  "modal shift" - Revision  "co-modality" - White Paper  "modal integration" General Objectives of the White Paper: higher efficiency of transport and infrastructure use; optimised logistic chains (efficiency, sustainability; innovative transport management and information; less CO2 due to innovative propulsion and fuels => We need a "green" transport system!

4 Specific Objectives of the White Paper (2050)
Political Framework(2) Specific Objectives of the White Paper (2050) With transport volumes still growing: Reducing CO2 emissions of transport by 60%; Eliminating conventionally driven vehicles from cities (2030: - 50 %); Reducing emissions of maritime transport by 40%; Increasing modal share of rail and inland waterways to 50% in medium and long distance transport (2030: 30%); Tripling the length of high speed rail network by 2030; Connect large airports to rail; Deploy innovative technologies (e.g. H2, LNG; ERTMS); ….

5 Possible Approaches and Measures
1. Multimodality and Modal Shift: Legal framework and transport market conditions (laws, regulations, taxes, tolls, subsidies, …) => applicable only to a limited extent! Improving multimodal mobility and logistics. 2. Improvements of Transport Infrastructure: Improving multimodal mobility and logistics (in particular rail, inland waterways, ports, terminals, …): TEN-T => high investments! 3. Innovative Traffic Management and Drive Systems: ITS, ERTMS, RIS, … Electric, H2, LNG, bio-fuels, ...)


7 TEN-T development since 1996
1996 TEN-T Guidelines for EU 15 (Dec. 1692/96/EC): dense basic network + 14 Priority Projects (“Essen”); 1997 Pan-European Corridors I – X (“Helsinki Corridors”); 1999 TINA (“Transport Infrastructure Needs Assessment”); 2004 Guidelines revision - EU27 (Dec. 884/2004/EC): dense basic network (“old” MS) + TINA network (“new” MS) Priority Projects (TEN-T PP's: “Van Miert”); 2007 Extension of major TEN axes to neighbouring countries (“De Palacio”: COM/2007/0032); 2010 Recast of the TEN-T Guidelines (Dec. 661/2010/EU); 2013 TEN-T Policy Review + Connecting Europe Facility (CEF). Definition of 30 priority axes and projects Integration of the national networks of the new Member States in the TEN-T Nomination of European coordinators for 5 priority axes and ERTMS Sustainable transport requires attention to intermodality and interoperability (MOS and Rail become priorities) Financial regulation: concentration on cross-border and bottlenecks

8 The new TEN-T Correspond with the objectives of the Treaty;
Reflect a European planning perspective; Form a dual layer (Comprehensive and Core) “network” connecting EU with neighbouring countries and the rest of the world; Comprise all modes of transport (and their linkages): road, rail, sea and inland waterway, ports, RRT's, airports; Take into account environment and climate needs, Comprise technological innovation: traffic information and management systems, infrastructure for innovative power and fuel distribution Overlap with other, also previous concepts: PETC’s, TEN-T PP's, De Palacio axes; ERTMS and rail freight corridors.

9 TEN-T Comprehensive & Core Network
The Comprehensive Network is the dense basic network, to ensure regional accessibility, comprising all modes of transport; determined by Member States, acc. to certain rules (updating the TEN-T of 1996) The Core Network is a subset of the Comprehensive Network: the strategically most important nodes and links, comprising all modes of transport, equipped with innovative technology applications; determined by a special methodology: mixed geographical-traffic demand driven approach, 2 steps: nodes and links (replacing the TEN-T PP's of 2004); implementation by 2030.

10 TEN-T Core Network Corridors (1)
9 Core Network Corridors selected within the Core Network, to improve coordination of implementation: governance structure: 11 European Coordinators (1 per Corridor, + MoS, ERTMS) Corridor Forum (all relevant stakeholders); to optimise multimodal operation for passengers & freight (with particular focus on nodes); to enhance deployment of innovative technologies (pilot applications); Selected to include politically complex projects, in particular border crossing, following previous PETC's, TEN-T PP's, De Palacio axes, ERTMS and rail freight corridors (where part of the Core Network). Rail and inland waterway considered as the backbone.

11 TEN-T Core Network Corridors (2)
Baltic-Adriatic North Sea - Baltic Mediterranean Orient/East Med Scandinavian-Mediterranean Rhine-Alpine Atlantic North Sea - Mediterranean Rhine-Danube (Final version of map not available.)

12 TEN-T Policy Review – the Process
Green Paper February 2009 Expert Groups Oct – May 2010 TEN-T Days Zaragoza June ) Formal Decision by Council and EP: late 2013 (?) Negotiations with Council, Parliament and Trilogue: late 2011 – mid 2013 Draft Guidelines (EC Proposal): 19 October 2011 TEN-T Planning Methodology Public consultation Network Planning, Impact Assessment: February – June 2011


14 CEF Allocation (2014 – 2020) 23,2 B€, of which 10 B€ from Cohesion Fund are earmarked for cohesion countries; 80 – 85 % (“multi-annual programme”) for: - 3 horizontal priorities, - Core Network Corridors, - other sections of the Core Network. 15 – 20 % (“annual programme”) for - further projects of the Core Network and of the Comprehensive Network (in particular innovation, ITS); Innovative financing instruments (project bonds, PPP); In general, CEF does not apply for road projects (except: ITS, safe parking areas, alternative fuels).

15 CEF Funding Rates up to 50% for studies;
up to 20% for investments in general; up to 30% for bottlenecks; up to 40% für border crossing projects (only rail and inland waterway); up to 50% für ITS-projects and innovation; up to 85% in cohesion countries (acc. to the rules of Cohesion Fund). Actual allocation of funds upon project applications: - calls by TEN-TEA, - project evaluation (by independent experts), - "EU added value", - project maturity (to ensure absorption of money), - ratio applied volumes vs. available budget. 15


17 "Green Corridors" Base of the concept:
Freight Transport Logistics Action Plan (DG MOVE, 2007): - Green Corridors, - e-freight, e-maritime, … "Green Corridors": The idea is to bundle, along a corridor, all measures to enhance overall efficiency and sustainability, including minimising: - CO2 emissions, - other negative impacts on environment and human life, This comprises measures in following fields: - multimodality and modal shift, - improvements of transport infrastructure, - innovative traffic management and driving systems (covering all modes of transport).

18 "Green" Core Network Corridors
The concept includes operational aspects, which allows: a particular focus on multimodality and modal shift, supported by e-freight, etc.: - ports, road-rail terminals, - airports; an extension to include passenger transport; a particular focus on urban nodes: - optimised linkage long, medium, short distance - city logistics, - public transport. This is in fully line with the goals of BESTFACT.

19 Long-Term and Final Goals
Input expected from past, current and future projects/studies, e.g.: SuperGreen, Bothnian Green Logistic Corridor, Swiftly Green, BESTFACT, … Extension from Core Network Corridors to the entire Core and – finally – Comprehensive Network: => a "Green TEN-T" => a "Green Transport System".


21 Core Network Baltic Region

22 The Bothnian Corridor (1)
• The economic artery of Northern Europe • The most important mining industry in the European Union • The strong growth of Northern Europe has a significant impact on the economy in the European Union.

23 The Bothnian Corridor (2)
• 90 % of EU iron ore mining in N. Sweden • Significant share of EU production of Zn, Cu, Ag, Au, … • 20 mill. ha forests in N. Bothnia and Lapland

24 The Bothnian Corridor (3)
Haparandabanan: Opening 15 January 2013! North Bothnia line (270 km) Umea – Lulea: As part of the TEN-T core network to be implemented by 2030!

Helmut Adelsberger DG MOVE

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