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ECGD 4121 – Transportation Engineering I Lecture 2 Faculty of Applied Engineering and Urban Planning Civil Engineering Department 1 st Semester 2010/2011.

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Presentation on theme: "ECGD 4121 – Transportation Engineering I Lecture 2 Faculty of Applied Engineering and Urban Planning Civil Engineering Department 1 st Semester 2010/2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 ECGD 4121 – Transportation Engineering I Lecture 2 Faculty of Applied Engineering and Urban Planning Civil Engineering Department 1 st Semester 2010/2011

2 2 Transportation engineering is an essential component of the civil engineering discipline Transportation engineering is an essential component of the civil engineering discipline Transportation engineering aims to provide the safe and efficient movement of people and/or goods in an environmentally conscious manner. Transportation engineering aims to provide the safe and efficient movement of people and/or goods in an environmentally conscious manner. Introduction

3 3 Importance of Transportation Ability to tap natural resources and marketsAbility to tap natural resources and markets Allows specialization of industry, commerce, or scientific aspectsAllows specialization of industry, commerce, or scientific aspects Increases competitions in all fieldsIncreases competitions in all fields Military requirementsMilitary requirements Social benefitsSocial benefits

4 4 Traffic EngineeringTraffic Engineering Transportation PlanningTransportation Planning Highway & Bridge DesignHighway & Bridge Design Maintenance (signs, roads, etc.)Maintenance (signs, roads, etc.) Air qualityAir quality Asset managementAsset management SafetySafety ConstructionConstruction ITSITS Basic Areas

5 First toll road First toll road First railroad First railroad Steam ship on Atlantic ocean Steam ship on Atlantic ocean First successful oil pipeline First successful oil pipeline Bicycles introduced in US Bicycles introduced in US Electric streetcar Electric streetcar First airplane First airplane 1914 – Panama canal1914 – Panama canal 1961 – Manned spaceflight1961 – Manned spaceflight Key Milestones in Transportation History

6 6 Key Milestones in Transportation History

7 7 Transportation Engineering Profession PlanningPlanning DesignDesign ConstructionConstruction OperationsOperations ResearchResearch

8 8 Private CompaniesPrivate Companies Regulatory AgenciesRegulatory Agencies Federal AgenciesFederal Agencies State & Local AgenciesState & Local Agencies Trade AssociationsTrade Associations Professional SocietiesProfessional Societies Consumer AssociationsConsumer Associations Transportation Organizations

9 9 Federal and/or state sources for: Highways (Construction, maintenance, and law enforcement)Highways (Construction, maintenance, and law enforcement) Urban mass transitUrban mass transit Railways (Urban and rural systems)Railways (Urban and rural systems) Waterways (Inland waterway and marine)Waterways (Inland waterway and marine) AirportsAirports Transportation Finance

10 10 Gasoline taxGasoline tax Vehicle registration taxVehicle registration tax Sales tax from lubricantsSales tax from lubricants Sales tax from title feesSales tax from title fees Transportation Finance Taxes and Fees

11 11 Highway Finance Toll Roads

12 12 Highway Finance Heavy Vehicle Tax

13 13 Main Transportation Challenges Maintenance and rehabilitationMaintenance and rehabilitation Reconstruction and expansionReconstruction and expansion CongestionCongestion SafetySafety EnvironmentEnvironment Proper integration of technologyProper integration of technology

14 14 Challenges Congestion in Urban Roads

15 15 Challenges Congestion in Urban Intersections

16 16 Challenges Safety Measures

17 17 Challenges Existing Highway System Maintenance

18 18 Challenges Existing Highway System Rehabilitation

19 19 Challenges Transportation Security Air TransportAir Transport Maritime/Waterway TransportMaritime/Waterway Transport HighwayHighway PipelinePipeline RailwayRailway

20 20 Challenges Major Consequences Environmental pollution (air, water, land, and noise)Environmental pollution (air, water, land, and noise) Reduction in safety levelsReduction in safety levels Delays in transit timeDelays in transit time Loss of excess fuelLoss of excess fuel Economic negative impactEconomic negative impact

21 21 Solutions Improved High Capacity Highways

22 22 Highways: Pavement Management SystemsPavement Management Systems Life-cycle cost analysisLife-cycle cost analysis Better & rapid maintenance techniquesBetter & rapid maintenance techniques Reduction in maintenance timeReduction in maintenance time Solutions Efficient Management of Existing Systems

23 23 Solutions More Efficient Transportation Utilities

24 24 Solutions More Efficient Transportation Utilities

25 25 Solutions More Efficient Transportation Utilities

26 26 Solutions More Efficient Transportation Utilities

27 27 Solutions More Efficient Transportation Utilities

28 28 Solutions More Efficient Use of Existing Utilities (HOV)

29 29 Solutions Multi – Modal Transportation Systems

30 30 Solutions Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS)

31 31 Highway SystemsHighway Systems Railway SystemsRailway Systems Airway SystemsAirway Systems Waterway SystemsWaterway Systems Pipeline SystemsPipeline Systems Primary Transportation Modes

32 32 Primary Transportation Modes

33 33 Passenger Transportation Air Transportation

34 34 High Speed Rail Normal Speed Rail Passenger Transportation Passenger Rail Transportation

35 35 Passenger Transportation Cycled Transportation

36 36 Passenger Transportation Urban Mass Transit

37 37 Freight Transit Air Freight

38 38 Barges on Inland Waterways Maritime Container Ships Freight Transit Waterway Freight

39 39 Freight Transit Rail Freight

40 40 Freight Transit Trucking Freight

41 41 Freight Transit Pipeline Systems


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