Presentation on theme: "EU Social Dialogue and Health & Safety issues François ZIEGLER DG EMPL."— Presentation transcript:
EU Social Dialogue and Health & Safety issues François ZIEGLER DG EMPL
What role for EU social dialogue? "It is precisely those European countries […] with the most developed social partnerships that are among the most successful and competitive economies in the world. " President Barroso, State of the Union 2012 Address We also have social dialogue, collective bargaining and consultation as part of our DNA." President Barroso, The Employment Policy Conference, 6 September 2012
Social Policy Agenda Open Method of Coordination Employment Social protection European Social Funds European Social Dialogue Legislation Mobility - Gender equality Working conditions - Health and Safety
A pillar of Europe’s social model Strong institutional recognition Art. 152 TFEU: Union recognises and promotes the role of social partners at Union level + Tripartite Social Summit Article 154: promotion of consultation of European social partners by the Commission + balanced support for their dialogue Article 155: agreements concluded by social partners
A pillar of Europe’s social model Consultation and Negotiation procedure in accordance with Articles 154 and 155 TFEU
Levels Bipartite Dialogue Employers – Trade Unions Tripartite Concertation Public Authorities (Commission, Council) + Trade Unions + Employers Trade Unions + Employers European Social Dialogue Sectoral Social Dialogue Committees Covering workers and employers of 41 specific sectors of the economy Cross-industry Social Dialogue Committee Covering the economy as a whole: workers (ETUC) and employers (BUSINESSEUROPE, UEAPME, CEEP) (Art. 152 TFEU) Tripartite Social Summit for Growth and Employment (Art. 152 TFEU)
EU sectoral social dialogue Natural resources sectors AgricultureExtractive industriesSea fisheries Manufacturing sectors Chemical industryConstructionElectricity FootwearFurnitureGas Paper industryShipbuildingSteel SugarTanning and LeatherMetal Textile and ClothingWoodworkingFood and Drinks Services sectors AudiovisualBanking Central government administrations Civil aviationContract cateringEducation Industrial cleaningCommerceHotel and Restaurant Hospitals and Healthcare Inland waterwaysInsurance Live performance Local and regional government Personal services/ Hairdressing Postal servicesPrivate securityProfessional football RailwaysRoad transportMaritime transport TelecommunicationsTemporary agency work
Governance Social Dialogue Committee Comm Decide on the rules of procedure of their dialogue (objectives, preparation, presidency…) Decide on the level and rhythm of their dialogue (number and type of meetings) Decide on the content of their dialogue (meeting agenda) Decide on the outcome of their dialogue (instruments) Social Partners "Autonomy and responsibility"
Typology of EU social dialogue outcomes Agreements establishing minimum standards Process-oriented texts Joint opinions and tools: Exchange of information Framework agreements Autonomous agreements Frameworks of action Joint opinions Guidelines and Codes of conduct Policy orientations Declarations Tools Implementation reports Follow-up reports Information Dissemination
EU legislation based on Art. 155.2 Cross-industry social partners agreements Sectoral social partners agreements 1996Directive 96/34/EC (parental leave) 1997Directive 97/81/EC (part-time work) 1999Directive 1999/70/EC (fixed term contracts) Directive 1999/63/EC (working time of seafarers) 2000Directive 2000/79/EC (working time of mobile workers in civil aviation) 2005Directive 2005/47/EC (working conditions of mobile workers assigned to interoperable cross- border services 2009Directive 2009/13/EC implementing the Agreement on the ILO Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 2010Directive 2010/18/EC EU (parental leave/revision) Directive 2010/32/EC (sharp injuries)
Cross-industry outcomes – “Autonomous” agreements implemented by cross-industry social partners Telework – 2002 Work-related stress – 2004 Harassment and violence at work – 2007 Inclusive labour markets – 2010
Sectoral EU social dialogue outcomes Agreements Railways – Agreement on some aspects of the organization of working time (Directive; 1998) Maritime transport – European agreement on the organization of working time of seafarers (Directive; 1998) Civil aviation – European agreement on the organization of working time of mobile staff in civil aviation (Directive; 2000) Railways – Agreement on certain aspects of the working conditions of mobile workers assigned to interoperable cross-border services (Directive; 2004) Railways – Agreement on the European licence for drivers carrying out a cross-border interoperability service (autonomous; 2004) Multi-sectoral – Agreement on Workers Health Protection through the Good Handling and Use of Crystalline Silica and Products containing it (autonomous; 2006) Maritime transport – Agreement on the Maritime Labour Convention 2006 (Directive; 2008) Railways – Joint declaration on the application of the CER-ETF Agreement on a European Locomotive Driver’s License (autonomous; 2009) Personal services – European agreement on the implementation of the European Hairdressing Certificates (autonomous; 2009) Hospitals – Framework agreement on prevention from sharp injuries in the hospital and healthcare sector (Directive; 2009)
Recent EU social dialogue agreements 3 agreements for which implementation by EU legislation is requested/expected by EU social partners: –European agreement concerning certain aspects of the organisation of working time in inland waterway transport - Signed on 15 February 2012 –European framework agreement on the protection of occupational health and safety in the hairdressing sector - Signed on 26 April 2012 –Agreement between the European social partners in the Fisheries sector concerning the implementation of the Work in Fishing Convention, 2007 (C188) of the International Labour Organization - Signed on 21 May 2012 1 agreement to be implemented autonomously by EU social partners and their national affiliates: –Minimum requirements for standard player contracts in the professional football sector - Signed on 19 April 2012
Role of national social partners in the implementation process ActorsResponsibilities National social partnersMain responsibility for implementation Translation (if necessary) Dissemination of autonomous agreement and information Discussions/negotiations between social partners Developing implementing measure Reporting about implementation activities European social partnersAssistance and advice (e.g. translation, best practices) Coordination and monitoring of activities Yearly progress reports and final implementation reports Interpretation (in case of doubts/requests) National authoritiesSubsidiary role in implementation, e.g. through regulation or legislation (not compulsory) CommissionAssistance and financial support (if necessary) Monitoring and assessment
Challenges Actively involving all national social partners –is essential to ensure the European social dialogue process: is legitimate achieves effective outcomes and follow-up at national level –European social partners have made progress, but more remains to be done Consultation and administrative capacity –European social partners are involved in the European policy-making process –Requires capacity to coordinate among their members and to deliver timely reactions –Capacity depends on that of their national affiliates
Challenges Capacity to negotiate agreements at European level –One of the conditions for participation in a sectoral dialogue committee –The potential offered by the institutional framework to sectoral negotiation is not yet fully exploited –Commission provides technical and financial support to negotiations, as well as legal advice upon request Capacity to implement agreements –Most European sectoral social partner organisations have limited capacity to influence their national affiliates –Follow-up at national level depends on: effective involvement of national sectoral social partners in EU dialogue interaction between the EU social dialogue mechanisms and national industrial relations systems representativeness of social partners
Specific challenges for "New" Member States Structural weaknesses at national level –Historical reasons (transistion of societies; privatisations; structure of employers' organisations; tripartite social dialogue) –Social partner often have not the "capacity" to participate in capacity-building measures Specific sectoral weaknesses at EU level –E.g. social dialogue at company level Potential for adaptations! –E.g. EU Industrial Policy recognises more and more the sectoral level – Supporting structures need to be identified!
Prerequisites for social dialogue Freedom to associate Freedom to negotiate and ability to sign agreements Capacity to implement European social dialogue agreements at national level Sectoral and cross-sectoral dimension Bipartite autonomous social dialogue Representativeness Operational capacity and organised structure
The Charter of Fundamental Rights Referred by the European Court of Justice in case laws as “principles of law” In line with ILO conventions and the ECHR provisions Declared alongside Nice Treaty in 2000 Enacted in the Lisbon Treaty –Article 6 : “The Union recognises the rights, freedoms and principles set out in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union of 7 December 2000, as adapted at Strasbourg, on 12 December 2007, which shall have the same legal value as the Treaties”
The Charter of Fundamental Rights Article 12 : Freedom of assembly and of association “Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and to freedom of association at all levels, in particular in political, trade union and civic matters, which implies the right of everyone to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his or her interests.”
The Charter of Fundamental Rights Article 27 : Workers' right to information and consultation within the undertaking “Workers or their representatives must, at the appropriate levels, be guaranteed information and consultation in good time in the cases and under the conditions provided for by Union law and national laws and practices”.
The Charter of Fundamental Rights Article 28 : Right of collective bargaining and action “Workers and employers, or their respective organisations, have, in accordance with Union law and national laws and practices, the right to negotiate and conclude collective agreements at the appropriate levels and, in cases of conflicts of interest, to take collective action to defend their interests, including strike action”.
Article 9 of the Treaty “In defining and implementing its policies and activities, the Union shall take into account requirements linked to the promotion of a high level of employment, the guarantee of adequate social protection, the fight against social exclusion, and a high level of education, training and protection of human health”.
Financial support Budget lines to support social dialogue and improve expertise Budget heading 04 03 03 01 – Industrial Relations and Social Dialogue –EUR 16 500 000 (2011) –Objectives Support to European social dialogue at the cross-industry and sectoral levels Improving expertise in the field of industrial relations –Activities Project grants (80-85/year) Social dialogue meetings Studies, publications Information and communication Conferences Joint work with ILO
Financial support Budget lines to support social dialogue and improve expertise Budget heading 04 03 03 02 – Information and training measures for workers' organisations –EUR 17 000 000 (2011) –Project grants (20-25/year) –Operational grants ETUI, EZA Budget heading 04 03 03 03 – Information, consultation and participation of representatives of undertakings –EUR 7 500 000 (2011) –Project grants
Financial support European Social Fund Supports initiatives aimed at strengthening the administrative capacity of social partner organisations in Member States (national actions) Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA) Helps potential candidate and candidate countries in their quest to join the EU Relevant components: –Transition Assistance and Institution Building –Human Resources Development
EU Social Dialogue on the internet http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=329&langId=en
EU Social Dialogue on the internet Social Dialogue texts database: http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=521&langId=en