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1 Technologies For Critical Incident Preparedness Michael Matthews Program Analyst/Meteorologist Infrastructure & Geophysical Division Science and Technology.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Technologies For Critical Incident Preparedness Michael Matthews Program Analyst/Meteorologist Infrastructure & Geophysical Division Science and Technology."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Technologies For Critical Incident Preparedness Michael Matthews Program Analyst/Meteorologist Infrastructure & Geophysical Division Science and Technology Directorate Department of Homeland Security

2 2 Customers Infrastructure & Geophysical Division Basic Research Program Critical Infrastructure Protection Office of Infrastructure Protection Incident Management and Geophysical (Natural Hazards) Federal Emergency Management Agency

3 3 Kentucky Critical Infrastructure Protection Program (KCI) Solutions to Protect the Nation For Official Use Only

4 4 KCI Mission Develop and Deploy solutions that protect and preserve the critical infrastructures of the nation’s communities. Commercialize and deploy solutions to secure communities across the country Critical Infrastructures: Water – Agriculture & Food – banking & Finance – Chemical – Commercial facilities – Dams – Defense Industrial Base – Emergency Services – Energy – Government facilities – Information Technology – National Monuments & Icon – Nuclear Reactors, materials, waste – Postal & Shipping – Public Health & Healthcare – Telecommunications – Transportation -

5 5 Kentucky CIP National Institute for Hometown Security 22 funded projects: TODAY: Focus on four: Man-Portable Tactical Operations Center Real-Time, 3-D Finger and Palm-Print Scanner for Entry and Access Portal Security Reduction of the Explosion Potential of Ammonium Nitrate by Coating with Low-cost, Coal Combustion Byproducts Milk Transport Security System

6 6 South East Region Research Initiative (SERRI) Community-Based, Regionally-Deployed Solutions to Homeland Security Challenges

7 7 Assist State, local, and tribal leaders within the Southeast Region in developing tools and methods required to anticipate and forestall terrorist events and to enhance disaster response. SERRI Program Goal

8 8 South East Region Research Initiative (SERRI) 40 projects funded in FY06-07: TODAY: Focus on four: Community & Regional Resilience (CARRI) Real-time Identification and Monitoring of Barge-Carried Hazardous Commodities A Simulation Environment for Planning, Training, and Assessment of Emergency Response and Evacuation Capabilities at High Consequence Sports Events Resilient Homes Initiative

9 9 What We’re Doing Projects our customers have asked for that will make a difference… Customer – Office of Infrastructure Protection Customer - FEMA

10 10 Protection Against Blast & Impact

11 11 Protection Against Blast & Impact Reducing the explosion potential of Ammonium Nitrate by Coating with low-cost, coal combustion by-products

12 12 Uncoated Coated Uncoated & Coated AN

13 known dead Extensive damage throughout the city Texas City Waterway Explosion 3,130 Tons of Ammonium Nitrate The equivalent of two barges of ammonium nitrate.

14 14 Real-Time ID & Monitoring of Barges Across Inland Waterways The threat… 800,000 daily shipments of hazardous materials equating to 3.9 billion tons move across US inland waterways annually In 2005, over 40,000 barges carried hazardous materials – that’s over 100 shipments each day The problem… There are various systems that track barges and they are not connected – interoperable and tracking and reporting requirements are different.

15 15 Why Track Barges? Hazardous Chemical Shipments U.S. Department of Transportation. October Hazardous Materials Shipments. TrucksRailWaterway 445,218 Daily Shipments3,723 Daily Shipments82 Daily Shipments 808,662 Daily Tons335,070 Daily Tons181,279 Daily Tons 1.8 Tons per shipment90 Tons per shipment2211 Tons per shipment Protect the most attractive targets, and avoid the greatest consequences.

16 16 Protection Against Blast & Impact The solution Develop and field test a prototype system that provides more accurate, uniform, and timely data on hazardous movements by barges, especially Hazardous Cargo To enhance DHS capability of detecting potential threats related to dangerous cargo in the US inland river system, preventing and deterring terrorist attacks by early response, and making immediate and appropriate responses to disasters with accurate real-time information at the barge level.

17 Official Use Only Tanker Barges 450,000+ gallon capacity May be pushed with other commodities Each barge has a different destination Towboat Different boats will push the barges over different sections of the river.

18 Official Use Only Browns Ferry Nuclear Power Plant

19 19 A Simulation Environment for Planning, Training, and Assessment of Emergency Response and Evacuation Capabilities at High Consequence Sport Events Protecting People A SERRI Research Initiative

20 20 Protecting People A SERRI Research Initiative University of Southern Mississippi Stadium

21 21 Helping First Responders… … so they can help us

22 22 Man-Portable Tactical Operations Center * Have developed and deployed this solution Transport and Tactical Operations Environments MITOC Radio Interoperability Voice, Fax, Data, and Software applications Sensors, Robots,, Cameras, UAV Satellite, cellular, phone, and Ethernet connectivity MESH WLAN

23 23 Man-Portable Tactical Operations Center The benefit and value MITOC Heavy truck, RV or bus chassis Cost Flexibility Maneuverability Complexity $30-100K Goes in anything - SUV, pick-up, trailer and is modular Turns on a dime! Easy-to-use by non-experts $300K - $1.6 million (above ex.) Fixed equipment - Truck breaks or wrecks - no communications! Debris and high water an issue CDL driver – need trained operators.

24 24 Man-Portable Tactical Operations Center Official deployment Supported Joint ESU Provided Internet backbone for sensor network Tested MESH wireless net Provided remote weather station for plume modeling Provided radio interoperability Provided field command post Joint ESU Incident Command Post Kentucky Derby and Oaks 2005/2006

25 25 Prototype Palm Scanner Faster & more accurate fingerprinting method Inside the Black Box Outside the Black Box Palm Scan Bottom View

26 26 Prototype Palm Scanner Faster fingerprinting method Traditional fingerprinting Inked finger on a paper sheet Palm Scanner Computer-controlled high performance cameras State-of-the-art structured light illumination methodology Acquire a 3-D handprint Recorded print is dependent on the finger print ridge depth A digital analogy to this traditional process

27 27 Milk Transport Security System

28 28 HAND HELD DEVICE WIRELESS (Bluetooth) COMMUNICATION BARCODE FARM BULK MILK TANK BARCODE MILK HAULER/ SAMPLER MANUAL ENTRY OF MILK DATA PRINTERS FOR SAMPLE LABELS AND MILK TICKET BARCODE READER Milk Transport Security System CELL PHONE COMMUNICATION DATA SERVER WIRELESS (WiFi) SECURITY MONITORING SYSTEM MILK TRANSPORT TANK BARCODE

29 29 Protecting Communities SERRI - CARRI Report: National Science & Technology Subcommittee on Disaster reduction Federal Departments & Agencies Identified “6” Grand Challenges 1.Provide hazard and disaster information where and when it is needed 2.Understand the natural processes that produce hazards 3.Develop strategies and technologies to reduce the impact of extreme events on the built environment and vulnerable ecosystems 4.Reduce the vulnerability of infrastructure 5.Develop standardized methods for communities to measure and assess disaster resilience across multiple hazards - A key step is developing and distributing assessment tools that can be used to set priorities. 6.Promote risk-wise behavior

30 30 Resilient Communities…Resilient Regions…Resilient Nation. CARRI is a national resource to assist communities to achieve disaster resilience through strong community networks, regional cooperation, private sector participation, neighborhood initiative, focused research and federal involvement.

31 31 Resilience: a community or region’s capability to prepare for, respond to, and recover from significant multi-hazard threats with minimum damage to public safety and health, the economy, and national security. Prevents and mitigates cascading failures, often characteristic of critical infrastructure impacts Minimizes disruption to life and economies

32 32 Establishing a basis for a national program Goals Understand and Measure Community Resilience Develop Community Resilience Processes Build a Community Action Resilience Toolbox Research Recognized Experts Interdisciplinary Scientific Basis Community Partners Real-world experience Best Practices & Lessons Learned Public and Private Sectors

33 33 What the community receives Identification of critical community dependencies and interdependencies Resilience tools, practices, networks and technologies Community-developed resilience plan Core group of resilience stakeholders, planners, educators to make the results enduring

34 34 Tennessee Valley Region Southeast Seaboard Gulf Coast Manageable mini-regions Economically connected Critical to the region Vital to the Nation

35 35 Community & Regional Resilience Initiative Resiliency – Protection Continuum Capacity (Sector N) Time Disruptive Event(s) Capacity to meet New Demand Level Resilience Area = Losses due to downtime Capacity (Sector N) Time Disruptive Event(s) Response Time Redundancy Harden Rate of Recovery Capacity to meet New Demand Level Area = Losses due to downtime Monitor, Predict, Prevent, Prepare, Train & Exercise Criteria for Success – Solutions are: Practical Effective Affordable Sustainable Attractive in the marketplace

36 36 Regional Resilience Impact… Social and Economic Loss Resilience Cost Avoidance Community/ Region Functional Capacity Time Catastrophic Event Response Recovery ? ? Resilient Community/Region Regional Resilience is an Economic Driver Model: Dr. Mary Ellen Hynes, DHS (2001); Blair Ross, ORNL

37 37 Defining “resilient communities” ANTICIPATE problems, opportunities, potentials for surprises Integrate economic, social, ecological, and political community domains into planning, preparedness, and response Establish critical mass of cooperative organizations to implement and evaluate local-based initiatives Use strategic planning to maximize time and energy on maximum benefit areas Merge social and economic goals REDUCE VULNERABILITIES related to development, socio-economic conditions, threats Build local capacity (disaster response, economic, social) Address interdependencies, preventing cascading failures characteristic of critical infrastructure impacts Build redundancy where possible RESPOND effectively, fairly and legitimately Employ strong and efficient systems to minimize loss of life and economic vitality Mobilize key community sectors and internal assets around priorities Leverage outset resources against goals RECOVER rapidly, safely, and fairly Focus on areas that yield the greatest overall benefits Adapt and evolve while maintaining integrity of community character and goals

38 38 A Resilient Community 38 Public Utilities: Materiel Stockpiles Continuity of Operations Plans Infrastructure: Built to Code “Hardened” to recurring concerns Medical: Materiel Stockpiles Integrated Plans for Mass Casualties Patient transport and Evacuation First Responders (LE, Fire, EM, etc): Equipped and Trained Interoperable Communications Information Sharing Jointly Exercised Local Authorities: Emergency Management Facilities and Procedures Disaster Response Trained and Exercised TRADITIONAL PILLARS Neighborhoods: Organized for Evacuation Family Disaster Plans Schools: Evacuation Plans Facility Plans for use as Shelter/Mass Care NGOs/Volunteers: Organized Trained Integrated Exercised Academic Institutions: Specialized programs for: Managers Responders NGOs/Volunteers GRASS ROOTS RESOURCES Community Action Resilience Toolbox Technologies Planning and Preparation Shared Knowledge Tested Procedures Emergency Response Augmentation: LE/Public Order Search and Rescue Mass Casualty Care Evacuee Support Infrastructure Restoration: Debris Removal Equipment/Materiel Stockpiles Trade/Technical Skilled Workers Emergency Housing Recovery Support: Emergency Financing Reconstruction Asset Coordination Public/Private Sector Integration Continuing Engagement OVER THE HORIZON Coordinated, Regionally Available Assets and Resources Financial Sector: Continuity of Service/ Access Recovery Financing Manufacturers: Continuity of Operations Plans Corporate support coordination Retailers: Plans for Emergency Provision of Necessities/ Commodities Chamber of Commerce: Informed and organized private sector BUSINESS COMMUNITY Plans for Continuity/ Recovery

39 39 Source: Source: Josh Norman, Episcopal Relief and Development, “Normally it is left up to us first responders to put Humpty Dumpty back together again. We can only do so much; it has to be a community effort, both government and the private sector. We didn't build our cities by government alone, and when something BIG happens, government will never be able to do it alone.” Fire Chief Pat Sullivan Gulfport, MS

40 40 Resilient Home Program

41 41 Devastating effects of natural disasters HUGO: Destroyed 11% of homes in Charleston area, severely damaged 32% more ANDREW: Destroyed or severely damaged > 100,000 homes in FL KATRINA: Destroyed 350,000 homes, damaged nearly 500,000 more; millions of pounds of contaminants (e.g., arsenic) released CHARLESTON EARTHQUAKE (1886): Caused damage equivalent to 25% of value of all structures in city

42 42 Goal This home was completely under water due to Katrina. Two years later the homeowner was still living in the FEMA trailer. Rebuilding after a natural disaster takes ~ 8 years. BUT, many homeowners don’t have resources to wait. RESULT: the community is crippled. SHORT-TERM: make existing home habitable; speed assessment to get resources to homeowner. LONG-TERM: rebuild more robustly. Speed community recovery by slashing the timeframe for rebuilding, and getting the homeowner back into the home as soon as possible.

43 43 Helping the homeowner – helps the community! Prevention Identify vulnerabilities Improve survivability Response Get homeowner back into the existing home Assessment Assess damage / contamination Get resources to homeowner Rebuilding Rebuild a more durable and efficient home

44 44 Resilient Home Program Path Forward Home construction certification Already, over a dozen homebuilders have asked to participate Engaging insurers Mold prevention and detection ORNL-developed instrument showing promise for rapid assessment Tuskegee, MSU, SRNL progress on prevention, cleanup Homeowner educational materials NCSU, SRNL working with FEMA

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