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WATERWAY RISK ASSESSMENT WATERWAYS MANAGEMENT PLANNING TODAY TO BE READY FOR TOMORROW PAWSA [WATERWAY NAME]

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Presentation on theme: "WATERWAY RISK ASSESSMENT WATERWAYS MANAGEMENT PLANNING TODAY TO BE READY FOR TOMORROW PAWSA [WATERWAY NAME]"— Presentation transcript:

1 WATERWAY RISK ASSESSMENT WATERWAYS MANAGEMENT PLANNING TODAY TO BE READY FOR TOMORROW PAWSA [WATERWAY NAME]

2 PAWSA 2 SPONSOR INTRODUCTION Welcome Workshop objectives Why you were selected

3 PAWSA 3 AGENDA Day One AM Workshop Overview PAWSA Background Risk Model Definitions Expertise Evaluation Rating Scales Evaluation Day One PM Discuss and Evaluate Waterway Risks Day Two AM Discuss and Evaluate Existing Mitigations Day Two PM Discuss and Evaluate New Risk Mitigations Re-evaluate Expertise Workshop Critique

4 PAWSA 4 PAWSA PROCESS

5 PAWSA 5 WATERWAY RISK MODEL

6 PAWSA 6 Book 1: TEAM EXPERTISE

7 PAWSA 7 Book 2: RISK FACTOR RATING SCALES How much riskier is the condition on the right than the condition on the left? 80% of deep draft vessels operate safely Vessel Conditions: Deep Draft Vessel Quality 70% or less of deep draft vessels operate safely 90% of deep draft vessels operate safely Nearly 100% of deep draft vessels operate safely 90% of deep draft vessels operate safely 80% of deep draft vessels operate safely Equally Somewhat Much More Extremely Risky More Risky (Circle one number on each line)

8 PAWSA 8 Book 3: BASELINE RISK LEVELS Vessel Conditions Nearly 100% of deep draft vessels operate safely 90% of deep draft vessels operate safely 80% of deep draft vessels operate safely 70% or less of deep draft vessels operate safely Check the block that best describes the condition in this waterway Deep Draft Vessel Quality

9 PAWSA 9 VESSEL CONDITIONS Deep Draft Vessel Quality YesNo Shallow Draft Vessel Quality YesNo Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality YesNo Small Craft Quality YesNo TRAFFIC CONDITIONS Volume of Commercial Traffic YesNo Volume of Small Craft Traffic YesNo Traffic Mix YesNo Congestion YesNo Book 4: MITIGATION EFFECTIVENESS Risks / Mitigations Balanced?

10 PAWSA 10 Book 5: ADDITIONAL MITIGATIONS RISK CATEGORY Risk Factor Coordination / Planning____________________ Voluntary Training____________________ Rules & Procedures____________________ Enforcement____________________ Nav / Hydro Info____________________ Radio Communications____________________ Active Traffic Management____________________ Waterway Changes____________________ Other Actions____________________

11 PAWSA 11 VESSEL TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT NAVRULES / COLREGS Ship’s Routing Measures –Port Access Route Studies –TSS / Fairways –Navigation Regulations Equipment Carriage –Bridge-to-Bridge Radio –Navigation Equipment (SOLAS V) IMO & IALA Membership Nav & VTS IALA Committees Vessel Traffic Services VTS’s and Cooperative Partnerships Ports & Waterways Safety System Ports & Waterways Safety Assessments

12 PAWSA 12 VTS Congressional mandate – Identify minimum user requirements in consultation with local stakeholders – Review private / public partnerships USCG convenes National Dialog Group – Major maritime interests PAWSA BACKGROUND

13 PAWSA 13 NDG TASKS Identify mariner information needs Define a VTS baseline Develop a process for determining where vessel traffic management (VTM) needs to be improved

14 PAWSA 14 NDG THREE KEYS 1. Involve users & stakeholders 2. Tailor specific actions 3. Address risks Solution  Waterway Risk Model

15 PAWSA 15 PAWSA Methodical analytical approach to risk management Understand local issues through local input  Define the current state  Identify & quantify risks  Evaluate the effectiveness of existing measures Develop future mitigation strategies Credible / defensible Gather info for investment decisions

16 PAWSA 16 PAWSAs COMPLETED Mobile San Francisco Charleston Honolulu Houston / Galveston Port Arthur Port Lavaca Corpus Christi Ponce Pascagoula Sault Ste. Marie Boston Miami Lake Charles Berwick Bay Port Fourchon Port Everglades Lower Columbia River Coos Bay Texas City Cincinnati Anchorage San Juan Baltimore LA/LB Portland Hampton Roads Louisville Tampa Haro Strait / Boundary Pass Detroit San Diego Buzzards Bay Torres Strait Narragansett Bay Long Island Sound

17 PAWSA 17 PAWSA RECURRING RISKS ATON visibility & channel configuration Small craft & fishing vessels – Local area & Rules of the Road familiarity – Communications & inexperienced operators Commercial Towing – Local area familiarity & communications Navigation conditions & hydrographic info

18 PAWSA 18 PAWSA RESULTS 35+ conducted to date Final report for first 28 completed Various ports relying on results to effect change – Increased budgets – Improved infrastructure – New VTS’s Model & process refined & improved Implementation Guide revisions

19 PAWSA 19 WATERWAY RISK MODEL RISK PROBABILITYIMPACT

20 PAWSA 20 WATERWAY RISK MODEL RISK Vessel Conditions Traffic Conditions Navigational Conditions Waterway Conditions Immediate Consequences Subsequent Consequences PROBABILITYIMPACT

21 PAWSA 21 Book 2: RISK FACTOR RATING SCALES

22 PAWSA 22 RISK IDENTIFICATION Define geographic scope of waterway Discuss risk factors in each category – Give examples – Explain why risk is high or low – Offer insights about future trends Evaluate risks in each category

23 PAWSA 23 GEOGRAPHIC SCOPE OF WATERWAY Landmarks Area boundaries

24 PAWSA 24 WATERWAY RISK MODEL

25 PAWSA 25 VESSEL CONDITIONS Deep Draft Vessel Quality – Age / maintenance – Flag / class society / owner – Casualty history – Crew nationality(ies)

26 PAWSA 26 VESSEL CONDITIONS Shallow Draft Vessel Quality –Vessel operations knowledge –Local area experience –Language barriers –Crew fatigue –Maintenance

27 PAWSA 27 VESSEL CONDITIONS Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality – Vessel operations knowledge – Local area experience – Chronic fatigue syndrome – Language issues

28 PAWSA 28 VESSEL CONDITIONS Small Craft Quality – Knowledge of Rules of the Road – Awareness of other traffic – Inebriation

29 PAWSA 29 Book 3: BASELINE RISK LEVELS Vessel Conditions Nearly 100% of deep draft vessels operate safely 90% of deep draft vessels operate safely 80% of deep draft vessels operate safely 70% or less of deep draft vessels operate safely Check the block that best describes the condition in this waterway Deep Draft Vessel Quality

30 PAWSA 30 TRAFFIC CONDITIONS Volume of Commercial Traffic – Deep draft – Shallow draft – Commercial Fishing – Infrastructure capabilities

31 PAWSA 31 TRAFFIC CONDITIONS Volume of Small Craft Traffic – Volume – Seasonality – Marine events

32 PAWSA 32 TRAFFIC CONDITIONS Traffic Mix – Single use waterway – Multiple use waterway – Conflicts

33 PAWSA 33 TRAFFIC CONDITIONS Congestion – Density – Times / locations

34 PAWSA 34 NAVIGATIONAL CONDITIONS Winds – Speed – Predictability

35 PAWSA 35 NAVIGATIONAL CONDITIONS Water Movement – River, tidal, & ocean – Maximum strength – Predictability – Seasonality – Cross-channel

36 PAWSA 36 NAVIGATIONAL CONDITIONS Visibility Restrictions –Ability to see aids to navigation other vessels –Fog, rain, snow, smoke, etc.

37 PAWSA 37 NAVIGATIONAL CONDITIONS Obstructions –Affect safe navigation –Ice, floating debris, fishing nets, etc.

38 PAWSA 38 WATERWAY CONDITIONS Visibility Impediments – Moored vessels – Structures – Background lighting – Vegetation

39 PAWSA 39 WATERWAY CONDITIONS Dimensions – Passing arrangements – Channel width & depth – Air drafts

40 PAWSA 40 WATERWAY CONDITIONS Bottom Type –What do you hit if you touch bottom or run out of the channel?

41 PAWSA 41 WATERWAY CONDITIONS Configuration –Bends –Intersections / convergences –Crossing traffic

42 PAWSA 42 IMMEDIATE CONSEQUENCES Personnel Injuries –Cruise ships –Ferries –Dinner cruises –Large charter fishing vessels

43 PAWSA 43 IMMEDIATE CONSEQUENCES Petroleum Discharge – Petroleum products – Bulk shipments – Fire

44 PAWSA 44 IMMEDIATE CONSEQUENCES Hazardous Materials Release – Chemical products – Bulk shipments

45 PAWSA 45 IMMEDIATE CONSEQUENCES Mobility – Waterway closure – Effects on shoreside marine transportation system (MTS)

46 PAWSA 46 SUBSEQUENT CONSEQUENCES Health and Safety – Hazardous cargos – Population near waterway rural area town / small city large metropolitan area – Water supplies

47 PAWSA 47 SUBSEQUENT CONSEQUENCES Environmental –Sensitive areas –Protected / endangered species

48 PAWSA 48 SUBSEQUENT CONSEQUENCES Aquatic Resources – Harvesting for: Recreation Subsistence Commercial – Amount: Light = 1 species / short season Moderate = species / long season Heavy = >3 species / year-round

49 PAWSA 49 SUBSEQUENT CONSEQUENCES Economic –Effects if waterway is closed

50 PAWSA 50 WATERWAY RISK MODEL

51 PAWSA 51 TEAM EXPERTISE Waterway User Stakeholder Regulator

52 PAWSA 52 WATERWAY RISK MODEL

53 PAWSA 53 Book 1: TEAM EXPERTISE Compared to the other participants we are: …probably in the UPPER THIRD of all the participants. …probably in the MIDDLE THIRD of all the participants. …probably in the LOWER THIRD of all the participants. with respect to our knowledge about: – Vessel Conditions– Immediate Consequences – Traffic Conditions– Subsequent Consequences – Navigational Conditions – Waterway Conditions

54 PAWSA 54 Book 2: RISK FACTOR RATING SCALES How much riskier is the condition on the right than the condition on the left? Economic impact of waterway closure affects wide region Subsequent Consequences: Economic Economic impact of waterway closure affects entire nation Economic impact of waterway closure affects metropolitan area Economic impact of waterway closure affects ONLY port area Economic impact of waterway closure affects metropolitan area Economic impact of waterway closure affects wide region Equally Somewhat Much More Extremely Risky More Risky (Circle one number on each line)

55 PAWSA 55 LUNCH!

56 PAWSA 56 DAY TWO – MORNING 8:00 – 8:30 a.m.Coffee & Pastries 8:30 – 8:45 a.m.Risk Evaluation Results 8:45 – 9:00 a.m.Mitigations Categories 9:00 – 9:50 a.m.Existing Risk Mitigations Discussion / Evaluation 10:00 – 10:50 a.m.Existing Risk Mitigations Discussion / Evaluation 11:00 – 12:00 p.m. Existing Risk Mitigations Discussion / Evaluation 12:00 – 1:00 p.m. Lunch

57 PAWSA 57 DAY TWO – AFTERNOON 1:00 – 1:15 p.m.Mitigations Evaluation Results 1:15 – 3:45 p.m. Mitigation Interventions Discussion / Evaluation 3:45 – 4:00 p.m. Break 4:00 – 4:15 p.m.Team Expertise Re-evaluation 4:15 – 4:30 p.m.Workshop Critique 4:30 – 4:45 p.m.Mitigation Interventions Evaluation Results 4:45 – 5:00 p.m.Workshop Wrap-up


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