Presentation on theme: "Free movement of workers: legal basis and EURES as a tool to promote it Marco FERRI Deputy Head of Unit Employment Services, Mobility Ankara, 11-12 October."— Presentation transcript:
Free movement of workers: legal basis and EURES as a tool to promote it Marco FERRI Deputy Head of Unit Employment Services, Mobility Ankara, October 2010 Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities ─ Unit D3
► Outline 1. The legal base 2. What EURES is 3. Next steps…
EURES legal base ► Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union ► Title IV – Free Movement of Persons, Services and capital ► Article 45 ► Abolition of any discrimination among workers based on nationality ► The right to accept offers of employment ► To stay in a Member State for the purposes of employment ► Article 46 ► (a) by ensuring close cooperation between national employment services; (b) by abolishing those administrative procedures and practices and those qualifying periods in respect of eligibility for available employment, whether resulting from national legislation or from agreements previously concluded between Member States, the maintenance of which would form an obstacle to liberalisation of the movement of workers; (c) by abolishing all such qualifying periods and other restrictions provided for either under national legislation or under agreements previously concluded between Member States as imposed on workers of other Member States conditions regarding the free choice of employment other than those imposed on workers of the State concerned; (d) by setting up appropriate machinery to bring offers of employment into touch with applications for employment and to facilitate the achievement of a balance between supply and demand in the employment market in such a way as to avoid serious threats to the standard of living and level of employment in the various regions and industries.
EURES legal base ► Regulation 1612/68 ► The Regulation firstly entitles all nationals of a Member State to take up and engage in gainful employment on the territory of another Member State in conformity with the relevant regulations applicable to national workers. ► This entitlement is enjoyed without discrimination by permanent, seasonal and frontier workers or by those who pursue their activities for the purpose of providing services. ► A worker on the territory of another Member State is entitled to the same priority as the nationals of that Member State as regards access to available employment and to the same assistance as that afforded by the host Member State's employment offices to their own nationals seeking employment. Recruitment may not be dependent on medical, occupational or other criteria which discriminate on the grounds of nationality. ► Creates a machinery for the clearing of vacancies - EURES
EURES legal base ► A success! 3 reasons: ► from aliens to human beings ► Integration into host society ► EU citizenship
What about Turkey? ► Non-EU nationals rights depend on nationality and status and are determined by different agreements and other EU rules: ► The right of Turkish nationals to move to an EU country to work depends entirely on the laws of that country. But according to the Association Agreement with Turkey, Turkish workers who are legally employed in an EU country and who are duly registered as belonging to the labour force there have the following rights: ► after one year legal employment they are entitled to a renewal of the work permit for the same employer if a job is available ► after three years legal employment they may change employers and respond to any other offer of employment for the same occupation ► after four years legal employment they enjoy free access to any paid employment in that EU country ► Turkish nationals working legally in an EU country are also entitled to the same working conditions as the nationals of that country.
EURES legal base Institution building and positive cooperation… Commission decision 2003/8 ► EURES functioning ahead of 2004 enlargement ► COMPONENTS: ► The Commission ► Public Employment Services of the 27 Member States + Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Switzerland ► Social Partners
► 1994: - Central database - Workstations to all EURES advisers ► Job vacancies ► Living and working conditions ► Mail ► 1998: - First website ► 2011: - Revamped site with additional features
Julia Rozet, 28, from Bordeaux, France, is working in Seville researching the industrial heritage of Andalusia, as well as working on specialist projects in some of the museums of Seville. “It has surpassed my expectations, which were already high.” What is EURES really about? PEOPLE
EURES is… a European Network facilitating contact between jobseekers and employers across the EU ► Over 850 employment advisers = trained specialists Promoting fair mobility Information, advise and guidance Facilitating job matching & placement ► A Website with almost Job vacancies All vacancies published by the Public Employment Services CVs On Line where employers can search candidates Labour market information online (31 countries) Living and working conditions (31 countries) Learning opportunities
► EURES' objective is to promote: ► development of European labour markets open and accessible for all ► transnational, interregional and cross-border exchange of job-vacancies and job applications ► transparency and information exchange on European labour markets, including on living conditions and on the opportunities for acquisition of skills ► contribute to the goals of the European Employment Strategy by supporting secure employment transitions and geographical and occupational mobility
► EURES' activities ► Information ► Advice ► Placement ► Legal vs result-oriented approach ► 80% of clients: workers, jobseekers…
The Portal has TWO Main Entry Points
New features from 2010 ► European Vacancy Monitor ► More vacancies - offers from PES, PREAs and on-line providers ► Identification of skills bottlenecks, sectoral and occupational level ► Quarterly bulletins ► European Skills Competences Occupations (ESCO) ► Combine ISCO and ISCED classifications to bridge the worlds of education and labour markets ► Create a unique multilingual taxonomy ► Geographical matching tool across the EU (Match & Map)
Next steps… ► EURES aims to become more practical, user friendly and intuitive ► EURES to become a job matching tool so as to contribute more directly into the EU 2020 target of 75% employment rate ► EURES will move from a Database to Matching & Placement tool ► In essence…it should seek to help recovery in the labour markets and contribute to employment creation across the EU