Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Sui -Tang – Song.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Sui -Tang – Song."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sui -Tang – Song

2 (Han)-Sui-Tang-Song Block printing Porcelain Mechanical clock (water)
Movable Type Gunpowder Paper money Magnetic compass Rice (champas or wet rice) bridges

3 Early Dynasties Shang Dynasty1766-1122 Zhou Dynasty1122-221
Last 400yrs - warring states Qin Dynasty BCE Shi huangdi (1st emperor) Legalist philosophy First coinage, writing system, Censorship Lasts 15 years China- in 2,000 years - 23 dynasties - 9 important ones

4 Han Dynasty Classical period
Confucian based society (five relationships) Merit system-bureaucrats (meritocracy) Paper & porcelain invented For 400 years after fall of Han - time of great troubles… Buddhism becomes popular in this period – Why?

5 Post-Han China Period of the Six Dynasties (220-589CE)
Bureaucracy collapsed Buddhism gained strength, replacing Confucianism Non-Chinese nomads rule much Chinese territory

6 Era of Division vs. Sui-Tang
Small warring states period of Buddhist dominance loss of imperial centralization loss of dominance of scholar-gentry in favor of militarized aristocracy Sui-Tang: return to centralized administration unified empire reconstruction of bureaucracy reconstruction of Confucian scholar-gentry at expense of both Buddhists and aristocracy restoration of Confucianism as central ideology of state

7 Sui Dynasty (589-618CE) Sui dynasty established by Wendi
Lowered taxes Established granaries – stable, cheap food supply Yangdi replaced his father, Wendi Brought scholar-gentry back into the administration Built the Grand Canal How do you think the canal impacted life in China? Economically? Politically? Socially? Militarily?

8 Tang Dynasty (618-918) Tang Increased boundaries
Heavy dependence on militarism

9 Tang Dynasty ( CE) First emperor & minister (Wei Zheng)- model of good rule Imperial power and moral restraint in theory - in practice hard to maintain Trade & commerce grow Printing develops Arts- focus on landscape/nature Gun powder Woodblock printing Capital city Chang’an (eternal peace) -walled city Artistic / commercial & invention continues in Song era


11 Empress Wu Ruled for 50 years - 705 Reform of land system
Biggest challenge deal with scholar/gentry and old aristocrats Economy remained strong! Reform of land system Civil exam system Blow to noble class Social mobility Confucianism as official philosophy = cultural literacy uniting China Buddhism – Wu spreads

12 Tang Xuanzong (The Profound Emperor) and Consort Yang

13 Decline of Tang - Losing the Mandate of Heaven
Xuanzong (Empress Wu’s grandson) Patron of arts Decline due to lack of morality? Other reasons for decline - Equal land system breaks down Poor attention to canal & irrigation systems Nomadic attacks Moral: China’s view (long lasting) Centralization = unity = peace (stability) VS. Decentralization = civil war

14 Song Dynasty (969-1279CE) Taizu reunited China under the Song Politics
Failed to defeat border nomads – sets legacy of weakness Politics Not as strong politically or militarily as the Tang Strong support of Confucian values Neo-Confucianism – emphasis on high morality, hostility to foreign influence, stress on tradition (stifled innovation), authority of men CHARACTERISTICS/ACHIEVEMENTS: Scholar-gentry class dominates abuses in civil service exam develop Paper money Arts & commerce 11C Needle compass (3rd century - South pointer)

15 Song Dynasty 960-1279 CE Northern Song (960-1127)
Based in Kaifeng Southern Song ( ) Based in Hangzhou Move South due to barbarian pressure from the North

16 Status of Women Tang Dynasty Song Dynasty
More influence on family affairs Wives/mothers-in-law = managed homes/servants BUT – still subordinate in accordance to Confucian tradition Song Dynasty -Less active in politics/public -Footbinding emerges – What impact do you think this had on women’s status? BUT – retained (kept) property rights

17 Footbinding: indicator of change of role of women

18 Regional and age differences in role of women
The emergence of a new ideal of the "willow-waisted woman," a stronger advocacy against widow remarriage, the presence of some bound feet in Southern Song all suggest a decline in status of women. However, the control women gained over property, their ability to inherit, their control of family budgets, and of their children's education show that older women were not without authority.

19 Culture Made refinements in the ideal of the universal man
combined the qualities of scholar, poet, painter, and statesman Song intellectuals sought answers to all philosophical and political questions in the Confucian Classics. This renewed interest in the Confucianism coincided with the decline of Buddhism Seen as offering few practical guidelines for the solution of political and other mundane problems.

20 What impact do you think foreign rule might have on China’s society?
End of Song Dynasty/Beginning of Yuan Dynasty: Mongol Empire (1271 – 1368) Heavy dependence on growth of civilian government at expense of military By 1127, the Song court could not push back the Northern nomadic invaders Surrounded by north ‘empires’ Invasion of Mongols from North What impact do you think foreign rule might have on China’s society?

Download ppt "Sui -Tang – Song."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google