2 Section 1: China Reunites China - 1 VocabularywarlordeconomyreformmonasteryPeople and PlacesWendiEmpress WuKoreaJapan
3 Rebuilding China’s Empire Han empire ended – China broke into 17 kingdomsWarlords fought each other for controlGeneral Wendi – founded the Sui dynastyWendi’s son – Yangdi – Grand Canal (links the Chang Jiang River and the Huang He River)Shipping products thru the canal improved economyRebellion killed Yangdi___________________________________________Tang dynasty – begun by one of Yangdi’s generals300 yr rule – brought reform to governmentTaizong – powerful Tang ruler – reinstated the civil service examEmpress Wu strengthened China’s militaryexpanded Chinese empire and regained power in AsiaTang dynasty weakened and fell – Turks took control of the Silk Road – damaged economy____________________________________________Song dynasty was establishedChina prospered – cultural advancesMoved capital to HangzhouLack of soldiers = loss of power.The Sui dynasty Reunites ChinaThe Tang DynastyThe Song Dynasty
4 Buddhism Spread to China Brought to China during Han dynasty A. D. 150Idea that to find truth – give up all worldly desiresTang dynasty supported building of Buddhist templesAllowed people to practice BuddhismMonasteries provided – meditation, worship, servicesAs this belief became more popular – Tang dynasty felt threatenedOrdered temples destroyed – A. D. 845Spread to Korea and JapanChinese BuddhismLife of BuddhaChinese Buddhism Spreads East
5 New Confucian Ideas Neo-Confucianism Scholar-Officials Idea – have duty to family and community to bring peace in lifeTaught people to take part in life and help each otherBelieved followers needed to be talented and wiseCivil Service Exams – based on Confucian ideas – tested job seekers about their knowledgeSong dynasty adopted Neo Confucianism philosophy – reduced Buddhism popularityNeo-ConfucianismScholar-Officials
6 Section 2: Chinese Society China - 2 People and PlacesChanganLi BoDu FuVocabularyporcelaincalligraphy
7 Economy Tang dynasty strengthened economy Farmers --irrigation, grew new crops, developed new rice, grew teaTea became popular drinkIncreased trade – Silk Road, waterwaysItems traded – tea, steel, paper, porcelain, silk,
9 New Technologies Tang and Song dynasties Coal used for heat Fe and C from coal produced steelSteel – weapons, stoves, farm tools, drills,sewing needles . . .Printing press –block print, character carved to wood Pi Sheng invented movable typeGunpowder invented (The Invention of Gunpowder)Sea travel began using rudders, sails and compasses
10 Art and LiteratureChangan – capitol city, where artists and writer were invited to liveLi Bo and Du Fu – popular poetsTang dynasty is age of poetry…joy, sadness, nature.Landscape paintings – living in NOTcontrollingPorcelain perfected- makes cups, plates, figurines, vases
11 Section 3: The Mongols in China China - 3 Vocabulary:tribesteppeterrorPeople and PlacesMongoliaGobiKarakorumKhanbaliqBeijingGenghis KhanKublai KhanMarco Polo
12 The Mongols Mongols Rule in China Area of N. China = Mongolia Lived in tribes - nomadic people1206 – Temujin – elected Genghis KhanEmpire divided into fourthsLarge area Pacific to Eastern Europe and Siberia to HimilayasBrought peace – encouraged trade.Learned about gunpowder and weapons from ChineseKublai Khan– 1260 became emperorMoved the capital from Karakorum to Khanbaliq (Beijing today)Mongols conquered China and ended Song dynastyYuan dynasty began – ruled 100yrs.Mongols were Buddhists – tolerated other religionsMarco Polo visited Kublai Khan – sent of fact finding missionsMongols conquered Vietnam, and N. Korea
13 Section 4: The Ming Dynasty China -4 VocabularytreasoncensusnovelbarbarianPeople and PlacesNanjingPortugalZhu YuanzhangYong LeZheng He
14 The Rise of the Ming Yuan dynasty lost power after Kublai’s death Chinese wanted their own groups – rebellions drove out Mongols1368 – Zhu Yuanzhang – became emperor of China – set Nanjing as capital – founded Ming dynastyHong Wu – leader ---Yong Le – his son took control after his death –built the Forbidden CityRestored Civil Service ExamEconomy grew, increased farming and trade, artisans and merchants supported, novels, dramas on stage.
15 China Explores the World Ming dynasty built fleet of ships to exploreSeven voyages from – Zheng He (Muslim, court official) took ships to India, Arabia, Asia, East Africa.1514 – Europeans (from Portugal) arrived in ChinaChinese thought Portuguese were uncivilized – wanted others to become ChristiansChinese let Europeans set up trading postsJesuit missionaries tried to convince Chinese to become ChristianManchus from Manchuria invaded and weakened the Ming—captured Beijing.