Presentation on theme: "China in the Middle Ages Section 1: China Reunites China - 1 China - 1 Vocabulary – warlord – economy – reform – monastery People and Places – Wendi."— Presentation transcript:
China in the Middle Ages
Section 1: China Reunites China - 1 China - 1 Vocabulary – warlord – economy – reform – monastery People and Places – Wendi – Empress Wu – Korea – Japan
Rebuilding China’s Empire Han empire ended – China broke into 17 kingdoms Warlords fought each other for control General Wendi – founded the Sui dynasty Wendi’s son – Yangdi – Grand Canal (links the Chang Jiang River and the Huang He River) Shipping products thru the canal improved economy Rebellion killed Yangdi ___________________________________________ Tang dynasty – begun by one of Yangdi’s generals 300 yr rule – brought reform to government Taizong – powerful Tang ruler – reinstated the civil service exam Empress Wu strengthened China’s military expanded Chinese empire and regained power in Asia Tang dynasty weakened and fell – Turks took control of the Silk Road – damaged economy ____________________________________________ Song dynasty was established China prospered – cultural advances Moved capital to Hangzhou Lack of soldiers = loss of power. The Sui dynasty Reunites China The Tang Dynasty The Song Dynasty
Buddhism Spread to China Brought to China during Han dynasty A. D. 150 Idea that to find truth – give up all worldly desires Tang dynasty supported building of Buddhist temples Allowed people to practice Buddhism Monasteries provided – meditation, worship, services As this belief became more popular – Tang dynasty felt threatened Ordered temples destroyed – A. D. 845 Spread to Korea and Japan Chinese Buddhism Life of Buddha Chinese Buddhism Spreads East
New Confucian Ideas Neo-Confucianism Scholar-Officials Idea – have duty to family and community to bring peace in life Taught people to take part in life and help each other Believed followers needed to be talented and wise Civil Service Exams – based on Confucian ideas – tested job seekers about their knowledge Song dynasty adopted Neo Confucianism philosophy – reduced Buddhism popularity
Section 2: Chinese Society China - 2 China - 2 Vocabulary – porcelain – calligraphy People and Places – Changan – Li Bo – Du Fu
Economy Tang dynasty strengthened economy Farmers --irrigation, grew new crops, developed new rice, grew tea Tea became popular drink Increased trade – Silk Road, waterways Items traded – tea, steel, paper, porcelain, silk,
What is porcelain?
New Technologies Tang and Song dynasties Coal used for heat Fe and C from coal produced steel Steel – weapons, stoves, farm tools, drills, sewing needles... Printing press –block print, character carved to wood... Pi Sheng invented movable type Gunpowder invented (The Invention of Gunpowder)The Invention of Gunpowder Sea travel began using rudders, sails and compasses
Art and Literature Changan – capitol city, where artists and writer were invited to live Li Bo and Du Fu – popular poets Tang dynasty is age of poetry…joy, sadness, nature. Landscape paintings – living in NOT controlling Porcelain perfected- makes cups, plates, figurines, vases
Section 3: The Mongols in China China - 3 China - 3 Vocabulary: – tribe – steppe – terror People and Places – Mongolia – Gobi – Karakorum – Khanbaliq – Beijing – Genghis Khan – Kublai Khan – Marco Polo
The Mongols Area of N. China = Mongolia Lived in tribes - nomadic people 1206 – Temujin – elected Genghis Khan Empire divided into fourths Large area Pacific to Eastern Europe and Siberia to Himilayas Brought peace – encouraged trade. Learned about gunpowder and weapons from Chinese Mongols Rule in China Kublai Khan– 1260 became emperor Moved the capital from Karakorum to Khanbaliq (Beijing today) Mongols conquered China and ended Song dynasty Yuan dynasty began – ruled 100yrs. Mongols were Buddhists – tolerated other religions Marco Polo visited Kublai Khan – sent of fact finding missionsvisited Mongols conquered Vietnam, and N. Korea
Section 4: The Ming Dynasty China -4 China -4 Vocabulary – treason – census – novel – barbarian People and Places – Nanjing – Portugal – Zhu Yuanzhang – Yong Le – Zheng He
The Rise of the Ming Yuan dynasty lost power after Kublai’s death Chinese wanted their own groups – rebellions drove out Mongols 1368 – Zhu Yuanzhang – became emperor of China – set Nanjing as capital – founded Ming dynasty Hong Wu – leader ---Yong Le – his son took control after his death –built the Forbidden City Restored Civil Service Exam Economy grew, increased farming and trade, artisans and merchants supported, novels, dramas on stage.
China Explores the World Ming dynasty built fleet of ships to explore Seven voyages from – Zheng He (Muslim, court official) took ships to India, Arabia, Asia, East Africa – Europeans (from Portugal) arrived in China Chinese thought Portuguese were uncivilized – wanted others to become Christians Chinese let Europeans set up trading posts Jesuit missionaries tried to convince Chinese to become Christian Manchus from Manchuria invaded and weakened the Ming—captured Beijing.