Presentation on theme: "The Era of Tang and Song Dynasties. 589 C.E.- Sui Dynasty North and South China reunited under Sui Wendi 616 C.E.- Tang Dynasty Begins 907 C.E.-"— Presentation transcript:
The Era of Tang and Song Dynasties
589 C.E.- Sui Dynasty North and South China reunited under Sui Wendi 616 C.E.- Tang Dynasty Begins 907 C.E.- Rebels overthrew the last Tang emperor Corruption, high taxes, drought, famine, and rebellions contribute to the downward fall of the dynastic cycle 960 C.E.- Prosperity under the Song Dynasty Most of China reunited 1200 C.E. – Chinggis Khan Mongols begin their conquest of China
Make one generalization about the history of dynasties in China?
Sui dynasty 589 C.E. – 618 C.E. Tang Dynasty 618 C.E. – 907 C.E. Song dynasty 960 C.E. – 1279 C.E The Mongol Empire 1206 C.E. – 1368 C.E.
TANG Helped restore uniform government Recruited Confucian scholars for civil service jobs Developed new code of law Instituted land reform, which helped to strengthen central government by weakening large landowners Built a system of canals, which encouraged internal trade and transportation Encouraged foreign trade SONG Expanded the Chinese economy Developed new strains of rice and improved irrigation methods Produced food surpluses, enabling more people to pursue commerce, learning, and the arts Encouraged foreign trade Transformed cities into centers of trade The Tang and Song dynasties unified China and restored culture and prosperity.
Song dynasty falls to Mongol invasions Mongol Empire would become massive, eventually spreading from the Korean peninsula to Eastern Europe - Territory was a bridge between civilizations as products and ideas moved among civilized and nomadic people (the expansion of trade) Cultural exchanges - New military ideas (gun powder)
What do you think are the greatest effects of the Mongol conquest?
Rebuilt the bureaucracy and enlarged civil service system Instituted system of land reform which gave land to peasants allowing them to pay taxes Merchants arrived from India, Persia, and Arabia. Chinese Merchants carried goods to Southeast Asia. Mongol Rule would make the spread of ideas and goods easier Voyages of Zheng revealed the supremacy of the Chinese empire
What were some of the major themes seen in early East Asian art?
China is once again a trading power in the world (not just on the Silk Road). China is a unified country, not many small kingdoms Advances in “Eastern Medicine” and health like tai chi and acupuncture that weren’t copied in the West.