Presentation on theme: "Why Critical Thinking Is Important Critical thinking is a skill. It is active interpretation and evaluation of observation, communication, information."— Presentation transcript:
Why Critical Thinking Is Important Critical thinking is a skill. It is active interpretation and evaluation of observation, communication, information and argumentation It takes time and effort to be a good critical thinker It’s a learned skill
Critical Thinking- Truth Objective Truth True regardless of viewer Excepted truths Truth is based on excepted definitions Cat, dog, chair Subjective truth Truth varies by individual Truth is formed my each persons experiences and belief systems Love, justice, freedom Subjective truth can have many definitions
Critical Thinking-- Opinion Conclusion drawn that are based on emotion, subjective thought and assumptions The truth of the conclusion drawn is very unclear Try to predict outcome with subjective evidence. We can except others opinions without having to change ours…..ambiguity Opinions have no verified support
Critical Thinking- Everyday Life 1.Reflection 2.Challenged 3.Improved Thinking 4.Growth and change We take control of our lives by knowing and improving our own method and process of thinking.
Three Stages of Critical Thinking Dualism Only right and wrong. Relativism All individual context. No right and wrong Commitment All individual context Not all context equal Not all situations are equally valid. Need to analyze each situation to come to the right conclusion
Critical Thinking- Life Goals Lead a life that you choose and that is not given to you. Consider consequences before actions Schedule for your life Set goals Challenging Reachable
Critical Thinking - Freedom We know through painful experience that freedom is never voluntarily…demanded by the oppressed…For years now I have heard the word "Wait!" It rings in the ear of every Negro with piercing familiarity. This "Wait" has almost always meant "Never." We must come to see, with one of our distinguished jurists, that "justice too long delayed is justice denied.“ Martin Luther King, Jr Letters From a Birmingham Jail 1. Need to take action and put forth effort toward a group goal 2. Can’t let fear keep us from doing what is right 3. Fear will mean no movement towards our goal at all --- He is NOT saying that all issues that a certain sect of people deem as oppressive is justification for an individual fight for freedom ---
Critical Thinking- Freedom In a republican nation, whose citizens are to be led by reason and persuasion and not by force, the art of reasoning becomes of first importance Thomas Jefferson
Homework: Steps and Barriers to Critical Thinking
Three tired model Experience I witnessed a robbery I went to this school I worked at this company Interpretation This person was robber because This school is bad, and this is why This company should be shut down Analysis To avoid a robbery you should This school needs new administration and teacher When you start a new company you should avoid
Type of Resistance Ignore situations or questions- avoid Get mad at situation or questions- anger Take on popular responses to situations or questions- clichés Deny that situations or question exist- denial Not enough knowledge to address situations or questions- ignorance Peer pressure answers the questions or situations for you- conformity Never answering a situation or questions- struggling Doing something else instead of addressing situation or questions- distraction
Narrow Mindedness Believe what they are told by perceived expert- Absolutism Don’t want the hassle- Fear of challenge What I think is more important than what other think- Egocentrism Our race or culture’s thoughts are more important that yours- Ethnocentrism
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