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1 Mobile /Wireless Communication What can change for Mobility? Spring 2008 Instructor: Yuhao Wang.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Mobile /Wireless Communication What can change for Mobility? Spring 2008 Instructor: Yuhao Wang."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Mobile /Wireless Communication What can change for Mobility? Spring 2008 Instructor: Yuhao Wang

2 2 What is Mobility? A device that moves –Between different geographical locations –Between different networks A person who moves –Between different geographical locations –Between different networks –Between different communication devices –Between different applications

3 3 Topics in Wireless Communication Wireless Communications –Space-time, OFDM, MIMO –UWB and Impulse Radio –Channel Modeling and Characterization –Modulation/Coding/Signal Processing –B3G Systems, WiMAX and WLAN –Advances in Wireless Video –RFID Technologies –Mobility and Handoff Management

4 4 Topics in Wireless Communication Services and Application –Wireless/mobile networked Applications –Multimedia in Wireless Ad-hoc Networks –Authentication, Authorization and Billing –Advances in Wireless Video –Location Based Services (LBS) –Applications and Services for B3G/4G era –Radio Resource Management

5 5 Topics in Wireless Communication Networking and Systems –Wireless sensors networking –Security in wireless networks –Network measurement and Management –Ad hoc and sensor networks –Multimedia QoS and traffic Management –Network protocols for Mobile Networks –Internetworking of WLAN & Cellular Networks

6 6 Device mobility Plug in laptop at home/work on Ethernet –Occasional long breaks in network access –Wired network access only (connected => well-connected) –Network address changes –Only one type of network interface –May want access to information when no network is available: hoard information locally Cell phone with access to cellular network –Continuous connectivity –Phone # remains the same (high-level network address) –Network performance may vary from place to place

7 7 Device mobility, continued Can we achieve best of both worlds? –Continuous connectivity of wireless access –Performance of better networks when available Laptop moves between Ethernet and Wireless LAN –Wired and wireless network access –Potentially continuous connectivity, but may be breaks in service –Network address changes –Radically different network performance on different networks

8 8 People mobility Phone available at home or at work –Multiple phone numbers to reach me –Breaks in my reachability when I’m not in Cell phone –Only one number to reach me –Continuously reachable –Sometimes poor quality and expensive connectivity Cell phone, networked PDA, etc. –Multiple numbers/addresses for best quality connection –Continuous reachability –Best choice of address may depend on sender’s device or message content

9 9 Mobility means changes How does it affect the following? Hardware –Lighter –More robust –Lower power Wireless communication –Can’t tune for stationary access Network protocols –Name changes –Delay changes –Error rate changes

10 10 Changes, continued Fidelity –High fidelity may not be possible Data consistency –Strong consistency no longer possible Location/transparency awareness –Transparency not always desirable Names/addresses –Names of endpoints may change Security –Lighter-weight algorithms –Endpoint authentication harder –Devices more vulnerable

11 11 Changes, continued, again Performance –Network, CPU all constrained –Delay and delay variability Operating systems –New resources to track and manage: energy Applications –Name changes –Changes in connectivity –Changes in quality of resources People –Introduces new complexities, failures, devices

12 12 Example changes Addresses –Phone numbers, IP addresses Network performance –Bandwidth, delay, bit error rates, cost, connectivity Network interfaces –PPP, eth0, strip Between applications –Different interfaces over phone & laptop Within applications –Loss of bandwidth triggers change from B&W to color Available resources –Files, printers, displays, power, even routing

13 13 Summing up Generally, mobility stresses all resources further: CPU Power Bandwidth Delay tolerance Radio spectrum Human attention Physical size Constraints on peripherals and GUIs (modality of interaction) Locations (body parts!) for device placement

14 14 References T. S. Rappaport, "Wireless Communications: Principles & Practice," 2nd Ed., Prentice-Hall:Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2002, ISBN Jon Mark, Weihua Zhuang, "Wireless Communications and Networking," Prentice Hall. ISBN: ; David Tse, Pramod Viswanath, "Fundamentals of Wireless Communications," Cambridge University Press, Harri Holma and Antti Toskala (ed.), ``WCDMA for UMTS : radio access for third generation mobile communications,'' Chichester ; New York : Wiley, c2000. John G. Proakis, ``Digital communications,'' 4th ed., Boston : McGraw-Hill, c D. Parsons, "The Mobile Radio Propagation Channel," 2nd Edition, Wiley, G. L. Stueber, ``Principles of mobile communication,'' 2nd Ed., Norwell, MA: Kluwer,


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