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WORKSHOP ON CLIMATIC ANALYSIS AND MAPPING FOR AGRICULTURE 14-17 June 2005, Bologna, Italy CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE- ISTITUTO DI BIOMETEOROLOGIA.

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Presentation on theme: "WORKSHOP ON CLIMATIC ANALYSIS AND MAPPING FOR AGRICULTURE 14-17 June 2005, Bologna, Italy CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE- ISTITUTO DI BIOMETEOROLOGIA."— Presentation transcript:

1 WORKSHOP ON CLIMATIC ANALYSIS AND MAPPING FOR AGRICULTURE June 2005, Bologna, Italy CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE- ISTITUTO DI BIOMETEOROLOGIA WORLD METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION COST ACTION OF THE EUROPEAN SCIENCE FOUNDATION Meteorological Applications in Agriculture FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION

2 Common need to reach an equilibrium between the use of production resources and the preservation of the resources themselves. Rising population, diminishing arable land, declining non-renewable energy supplies, increasing awareness of potential environmental degradation, climate change and variability.

3 B.C. Publius Vergilius Maro - Georgicae

4 Át prius ígnotúm ferró quam scíndimus aéquor, véntos ét variúm caelí praedíscere mórem cúra sit ác patriós cultúsqu(e) habitúsque locórum,ét quid quaéque ferát regi(o) ét quid quaéque recúset.Híc segetés, illíc veniúnt felícius úvae,árboreí fetús alib(i) átqu(e) iniússa viréscunt grámina. Nónne vidés, croceós ut Tmólus odóres,Índia míttit ebúr, mollés sua túra Sabaéi,át Chalybés nudí ferrúm virósaque Póntus cástore(a), Éliadúm palmás Epíros equárum?Cóntinu(o) hás legés aetérnaque foédera cértis ímposuít natúra locís…

5 …An unknown surface,heed we to forelearn the winds and varying temper of the sky, the lineal tillage and habits of the spot, what every region yields, and what denies. Here blithelier springs the corn, and here the grape, there earth is green with tender growth of trees and grass unbidden. See how from Tmolus comes the saffron's fragrance, ivory from Ind, from Saba's weakling sons their frankincense, iron from the naked Chalybs, castor rank From Pontus, from Epirus the prize-palms. And such the laws by Nature's hand imposed on clime and clime….

6 output The agricultural system inputs Agronomic: management for the optimization of yield quantity and quality Climate: growing season lenght, temperature, rainfall, radiation, extreme events frequency

7 Why the same species grows differently in different geographic areas ?? Because radiation is differently distributed at global, regional, local scales.

8 Radiation is the growth source and the modulator of plant morphology and structure

9 Light intensity Light quality Yield performance

10 Why the same species grows differently in different geographic areas ?? Because photosynthesis is sensitive to temperature Increase,optimum,decrease (enzymes degradation ) Because phenological crop development and lenght of the growing season are driven by cumulated temperatures

11 Why the same species grows differently in different geographic areas ?? Because of soil type and of water availability

12 Objectives of the workshop To review and recommend appropriate techniques for agroclimatic characterization and sustainable land management, including technologies such as GIS and remote sensing

13 Objectives of the workshop To provide examples of innovative techniques for sustainable land management, based on suitable agroclimatic characterization, as documented from surveys of succesful pilot projects at the national and regional levels

14 Objectives of the workshop To develop a statement of requirements for defining and quantifying observational characteristics in general and for specific regions, pertaining to agroclimatic features, land use management and projected future trends, emphasizing the adequacy of information needed for application of GIS technology to agriculture, rangelands, forestry and fisheries

15 Objectives of the workshop To make recommendations on the methods to cope with limitations and weaknesses in the provision and accessibility of innovative operational technologies at the national and regional levels

16 WORKSHOP ON CLIMATIC ANALYSIS AND MAPPING FOR AGRICULTURE June 2005, Bologna, Italy CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE- ISTITUTO DI BIOMETEOROLOGIA WORLD METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION COST ACTION OF THE EUROPEAN SCIENCE FOUNDATION Meteorological Applications in Agriculture FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION


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