4RtI: Problem Solving Interventions Assessment 5% 15% 80% Student Instructional LevelSupplemental Interventions120 min per week additionalProgress MonitoringDiagnostics5%Progress MonitoringDiagnosticsStudent Instructional LevelSupplemental Interventions90 min per week additional15%Universal ScreeningProgress MonitoringGrade LevelInstruction/ Support80%
5The Reality of Striving for the Goal of Change… “I was so excited about RtI -I went about enthusiastically building a technically sound guidance document. As I began to work with staff on implementation [from the cultural perspective of shifting the way we think about problem solving] I realized suddenly that to me, RtI had become….One swirling VORTEX OF TERROR!”---Dr. Quentin Woods, Pine Tree ISDRtI
6Pair and Share Have you ever felt like this? Why? What has been your greatest challenge?On a scale of 1-5 where is your district as far as implementing a true problem solving process centered around Tier 1?Do you continue to hear staff refer to RtI as a referral process or a documentation journey on the road to special education?
7From the Student Perspective The Goal is to create… Academic Learning, Mastery, and AchievementIndependent Learner
8RtI Foundations for Success Multiple Tiers of Instruction and AssessmentUsing Data: Balanced AssessmentsTechnologyHighly Qualified StaffThe underlying philosophy of MTSS is simple- use increased levels of ADDED supports, align with scholl needs and infrastructure and support your staff.
9The strongest processes that show sustained student growth are those that go beyond technical adequacy…. They are ones that promote a cultural responsiveness to the learning needs of all students (think Tier 1- 8-%)and are not dependent on a rote “decision rule” of six points on a graph.
10Let’s start at the beginning…. RtI FoundationsLet’s start at the beginning….RtI Is not simply implementing a different type of problem solving. It also involves giving up certain beliefs in favor of others. Systems will need to change….We have NEVER seen a successful implementation of MTSS by simply having a guidance document and forms to fill out… there needs to ba anunderstanding that problems solving and processes will need to change. Usually te first step is to design instruction around the needs of the students no the staff! The best MTSS schools are also the ones who were willing to make changes in the master schedule to accomplish this.
11Response to Intervention RtI FoundationsResponse to InterventionIs an organizational system with increasing layers of intensity.Not a categorical system for labeling students.Is designed for smooth movementNot a service or place.Increased intensity of instruction -matches student need -determined by data.Not a referral system for special education eligibility.There are so many misperceptions regarding MTSS. It is simply a system of supports designed for continually student and staff supprots which allow a student to be successful in grade level instruction.
12LeadershipThe road to student success begins here….
13Critical Leadership in RtI Strong LeaderFocused on Ongoing RtI VisionWell versed in District RtI PhilosophyUses ongoing evaluation of needs to drive resource allocation and professional developmentCritical Leadership in RtI
14Strong Administrators Create a culture of common values and work together to achieve common goals.Provide clear staff expectationsEnsure fidelity by having meaningful conversations with staff about data.Creatively allocate limited resources to ensure personnel have access to necessary supports.
15Essential Tasks for Leadership Team Study and plan ongoing RtI development.Embed data based decisions across all systemsUse hybrid model of problem solving.
17Professor, Emeritus James Madison University Question“If an educator keeps using the same strategies over and over and the student keeps failing,whoWho really is the slow learner?”Michael RettigProfessor, Emeritus James Madison University
18Variables affecting Culture Resiliency: Over 40% of teachers do not make it to their 5th year of teaching- many leave by year 3.Encouragement of Innovation: PD to support advances in technology. Teachers reinforced and encouraged for “thinking outside the box”.Warm relationships of mutual respectTeachers/support staff who recognize that students contribute to finding solutions which balance justice, care and truthfulness and conduct their classes based on this philosophyTeachers/support staff who model positive interpersonal behaviorTeacher/support staff styles that stimulate active student participationClasses that promote democratic attitudes and valuesClasses that foster the normative value of helpingQuality of Student teacher relationships
19The use of technology makes ongoing data collection, data consumption, and data-based decision making a more plausible proposition, and it can keep these important aspects of RtI from monopolizing teacher time
20RtI Foundations“The highest predictor of academic achievement is the proficiency of teachers in effective instructional practice.”Donna Walker TilestonWhy Culture CountsWhen it all comes down to it- the best intervention is a strong teacher!
21The most important aspect of a strong RtI process is the richness of the conversations that occur because of the layers of multiple occurring data sources.
22It is essential to implement both Professional Learning Communities (PLC) and Response to Intervention (RTI) because these complementary processes are considered research-based best practices to improve student learning.
23Connections Core program Standards Alignment Documents What exactly do we expect all students to learn?How will we know if they’ve learned it?How will we respond when some students don’t learn it?How will we respond when some students have already learned?
24Connections What exactly do we expect all students to learn? How will we know if they’ve learned it?How will we respond when some students don’t learn it?How will we respond when some students have already learned?Progress monitoringUniversal screenerDiagnostic assessmentsFormative Assessments
25Connections What exactly do we expect all students to learn? How will we know if they’ve learned it?How will we respond when some students don’t learn it?How will we respond when some students have already learned?Differentiated StrategiesInterventionsDecision rulesProtocol
26Connections What exactly do we expect all students to learn? How will we know if they’ve learned it?How will we respond when some students don’t learn it?How will we respond when some students have already learned?District ExpectationsDecision rulesProtocol
27PLC Essential Characteristics RTI Fundamental ElementsCollective responsibility and teamingUniversal screening and progress monitoringSystematic interventions and decision protocolsResearch based core program and interventionsFocus on learning and collaborative cultureFocus on results (data driven)Action experimentation(is your system able to respond)Collective inquiry
28Underscoring a Problem “Most teachers just do not possess the skills to collect data, draw meaningful conclusions, focus instruction, and appropriately follow up to assess results. That is not the set of skills we were hired to do.”
29Balancing Assessments RtI FoundationsBalancing Assessments-- Assessment systems-- Multiple measures-- Varied types-- Varied purposes-- Varied data sets-- Balanced with needsPurpose of this slide is to see broad data picture; use data from assessments to help you, not just to respond to mandatory testing requirements but to actually use data you gather in your practice.
30Align Data SourcesDoes the data tell a clear and concise story of the student’s learning?If there is inconsistency team must investigate whyReview integrity of instructionAlign to student needsStudent variablesUniversal ScreeningProgress MonitoringDiagnostic AssessmentsOutcome Assessments
31You must have multiple sources of data to have effective data-driven instruction. With that said, assessing students while they are learning yields real time data to steer teachers towards differentiated practices.
32Assessment and Instruction are inseparable. “Assessment is today’s means of understanding how to modify tomorrow’s instruction.”Carol Tomlinson
33QuestionDo your teams spend more time talking about individual kids or do they spend time more time on the needs of ALL kids?
34Team PhilosophyThe 1st intervention is always effective classroom instruction and classroom management which yield high rates of academic engagement.The team always uses the model of problem solving-consultation- instruction/intervention approach.
35Characteristics of a Strong Data Team Meeting NormsProcess of Collecting Meaningful DataCulture of CollaborationGuaranteed and Viable CurriculumThere is a process to measure where students are in the curriculum.There is a RtI plan in the school district to help students who are not achieving or who are excelling
36Problem Identification Review existing informationDetermine student’s functional levelIdentify initial concernsAnalyze multiple data sourcesOperationally define the problem
37Existing Data ReviewDetermine the Student’s Current Classroom Status: Academic Progress and Work SamplesTeacher Describes and quantifies concernsReview of RecordsParent Contact(s)Medical InformationClassroom Observations (ICEL)
38Determine Student Functional Levels Identify assets and weaknessesIdentify Critical Life Events, Milestones, Circumstances (Positive and Negative) Identify medical and/or physiological sources of concernIdentify academic variables such as “speed of acquisition” or retention of informationIdentify issues of attendance, transitions, motivation, access to instruction
39Identify Initial Concerns RtI team is available for any academic, behavioral, teacher or student concern.Teacher reports concerns in a data oriented manner.Team aligns concerns with data sources
40Supplemental Supports Do your students show movement in the Tiers?How long is too long?Do you have students who are referred and then DNQ? What happens next?Do you have teams that are reluctant to move kids out of Tiers because they are successful?
41Monitor Fidelity Intervention Well Checks Observe in Tiers 1 and 2/3 Consult with TeacherReview data weekly in PLC/ Planning meetingsCheck data collectionTalk to parent
42Tips for Moving Forward Be aware of appeals to mindless precedent.Make sure the system of intervention is fluid.Systems of intervention work better when they are supporting teams rather than individual teachers.Realize that no support system will compensate for bad teaching.Ensure a common understanding of “system of interventions.”Page 81 Learning by DoingYes, school schedules can present barriers, but they are not carved in stone, nor are they sacred. Invite those who resort to the current schedule to reflect upon and articulate their assumptions.The system of interventions should not be designed as a permanent support for individual students. A student should be in an intervention group only until they have acquired the intended knowledge and skill.Systems that support teams are better because they are collaboration driven. Be careful that the interventions in one area don’t come at the cost of instructional time in another area.School must, while creating its system of intervention, take steps to build the capacity of every teacher to become more effective in meeting the needs of students.Everyone on same page as to criteria for interventions. And the intervention plan should recognize the unique context of the school.