Presentation on theme: "March 6, 2012 SOC Reporting: What is New in the Audit Guides?"— Presentation transcript:
March 6, 2012 SOC Reporting: What is New in the Audit Guides?
Introduction Nick Wedel, CISSP, CISA McGladrey – Technology Risk Advisory Services (Kansas City) Background (SAS70 to SOC) Overview of SOC Reporting Options Trust Services Principles & Criteria Key differences between SOC 2 and SOC 3 reports What is Included in the Audit Guides? SOC 1 Audit Guide Highlights SOC 2 Audit Guide Highlights Frequently Asked Questions Other Questions? Agenda
Background (SAS70 to SOC) Reasons for Change Mis-understandings, Mis-applications, and Mis-uses of SAS70 New Technologies -Virtualization -Mobile Computing -Cloud Computing Need for greater international consistency -Alignment with International Standards on Attestation Engagements (ISAE 3402) 2
Overview of Service Organization Control (SOC) Reporting Options 3 SOC1SOC2SOC3Other Reports AICPA Attest Standards (SSAE 16) AICPA Attest Standards (AT101) Trust Services Principles AICPA Attest Standards (AT101) Trust Services Principles AICPA Attest Standards (AT101) Auditor to auditor opinion report for financial reporting controls Audit entity meets definition of service organization CPA firm responsible for the adequacy of the procedures Opinion report on system security, availability, processing integrity and confidentiality/or privacy Detailed like SOC1 CPA firm responsible for the adequacy of the procedures Opinion report on system security, availability, processing integrity and confidentiality/or privacy Client description is not audited CPA firm responsible for the adequacy of the procedures Doesn’t fall under SSAE 16 or Trust Services Principles Reporting on the design of internal controls CPA firm responsible for the adequacy of the procedures Report distribution to service organization users Restricted use report Issued by licensed CPA Intended for non-auditor audience (e.g., CIO) Restricted use report Issued by licensed CPA Intended for non-auditor audience (e.g., CIO) General use report Issued by licensed CPA May be issued for general or restricted use Issued by licensed CPA FOCUS REPORT DISTRIBUTION GUIDANCE
SOC2/SOC3: Trust Services Principles & Criteria Five Trust Services Principles Availability – The system is available for operation and use as committed or agreed. Confidentiality – Information designated as confidential is protected as committed or agreed. Privacy – Personal information is collected, used, retained, disclosed, and destroyed in conformity with the commitments in the entity’s privacy notice and with criteria set forth in Generally Accepted Privacy Principles (GAPP). Processing integrity – System processing is complete, accurate, timely, and authorized. Security – The system is protected against unauthorized access (both physical and logical). 4
SOC2/SOC3: Trust Services Principles & Criteria Four Trust Services Criteria Domains Policies – The entity has defined and documented its policies relevant to the particular principle. Communications – The entity has communicated its defined policies to responsible parties and authorized users of the system. Procedures – The entity placed in operation procedures to achieve its objectives in accordance with its defined policies. Monitoring – The entity monitors the system 5
Key Differences: SOC2 and SOC3 Reports 6 SOC2SOC3 Includes detailed description of the service organization’s system prepared by management which the service auditor opines on Includes a high level description that the service auditor does not opine on Intended for parties who are knowledgeable about: Nature of the services How the service organization interacts with its users Internal control and its limitations Trust principles, criteria and risks Complementary user-entity controls and how they interact with controls at the service organization Intended for a general audience that is not presumed to have specific knowledge about the report and its contents Restricted use reportGeneral distribution report Can use “carve-out” methodCarve-out method not allowed Can have significant user control considerationsCannot have significant user control considerations Not intended for marketing purposesUse allowed for marketing purposes No seal availableAvailability of seal
What is Included in the Audit Guides? The two audit guides follow the same general format and address similar topics, including: Introduction and Background Use of the Report Planning the SOC Engagement Performing the SOC Engagement Reporting Appendices -Illustrative representation letters -Illustrative management assertions -Illustrative control objectives (SOC1 Audit Guide) -Trust Service Principles and Criteria for Security Availability, Processing Integrity, Confidentiality, and Privacy (SOC2 Audit Guide) -Illustrative Reports 7
SOC1 Audit Guide Highlights Examples of using detailed criteria for developing the description of controls (as presented in SSAE16) Concept that management’s thoughtfulness in developing control objectives constitutes an informal risk assessment Illustrative control objectives for various types of service organizations are included in Appendix D: 8 -General computer controls -Application service provider -Claims processor -Credit card payment processor -Investment manager -Payroll processor -Transfer agent
SOC2 Audit Guide Highlights Detailed outline of what information should be included in management’s description Definition of “system” for the purposes of scoping the report Detailed trust services principles and criteria Dealing with criteria that is not applicable The guide largely mirrors what is outlined in the SOC1 Audit guide, except for information specific to the trust service principles 9
Frequently Asked Questions 10 Question 1: Can service organizations market that they are “SOC certified”? No. A popular misconception is that a service organization becomes “certified” after completing and issuing a SOC report. No such certification exists; however, the AICPA does allow for the below logo to be displayed on Service Organization websites upon completion of a SOC attestation and registration with the AICPA.
Frequently Asked Questions 11 Question 2: How do I determine which SOC report is best for me? First, you need to determine who will be using the report and for what purposes, that will guide which report is most appropriate. In some cases you might decide to issue multiple reports. If a client’s financial statement auditor is going to use the report, most of the time that will result in the need for a SOC 1 report. If it is client management (e.g., CIO) requesting the report for their operational assessment and monitoring of your processing, a SOC2 or SOC3 might better serve their needs.
Frequently Asked Questions 12 Question 3: What do I need to do to prepare for the new SOC reports? The answer will depend upon a couple of items. First, what type of report will you be needing and second have you previously issued this type of report before. If the answer to the second question is “no” there is quite a bit of work that needs to be done to get ready for the SOC attestation.
Other Questions? 13 Resources AICPA.org/publications mcgladrey.com/Events/Service-Organization-Control-Reports Nick Wedel
McGladrey & Pullen, LLP Certified Public Accountants