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NERC’s 2007-2016 Long-Term Reliability Assessment (LTRA) Workshop: Natural Gas Dependency in New England Michael I. Henderson ISO New England Inc.

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Presentation on theme: "NERC’s 2007-2016 Long-Term Reliability Assessment (LTRA) Workshop: Natural Gas Dependency in New England Michael I. Henderson ISO New England Inc."— Presentation transcript:

1 NERC’s Long-Term Reliability Assessment (LTRA) Workshop: Natural Gas Dependency in New England Michael I. Henderson ISO New England Inc.

2 2 Natural Gas Dependency In New England New England’s Electric Power Grid 6.5 million customer meters –Population: 14 million 350+ generators 8,000+ miles of high voltage transmission lines 12 interconnections to three neighboring systems : –New York, New Brunswick, Quebec 31,000 megawatts (MW) of installed generating capacity 300+ market participants Summer peaking system –Summer: 28,130 MW (8/06) –Winter: 22,818 MW (1/04) ISO and Local Control Centers

3 3 Natural Gas Dependency In New England New England’s Capacity – Summer 2007 Generation capacity mix by primary fuel type, 2007, summer ratings, MW and percentage. Note: “Non-Hydro Renewables” include biomass, refuse, landfill gas, and wind.

4 4 Natural Gas Dependency In New England New England’s Energy Production New England electric energy production by fuel type, 2006, in 1,000 MWh. Note: “Non-Hydro Renewables” include biomass, refuse, landfill gas, and wind.

5 5 Natural Gas Dependency In New England New England’s Gas-Fired Fleet Potential Concerns: –“Just-in-time” delivery of fuel source –Unplanned outage or closure of the regional LNG facility –LNG shipping disruption or embargo –Loss of natural gas pipeline or compressor stations –Wholesale electricity’s exposure to natural gas price volatility Actual Experience: –Temporary shutdown of regional LNG facility – Post 9/11 –Greater Northeast Cold Snap – January 14-16, 2004 –Hurricanes Katrina & Rita - Fall of 2005

6 6 Natural Gas Dependency In New England Regional Response Developed robust rules and operating procedures to manage the electric system through short or long-term fuel supply or delivery constraints: –Appendix H of Market Rule #1: “Operations During Cold Weather Conditions.” –Operating Procedure No. 21: “Action During an Energy Emergency.” Added provisions in new markets to promote resource availability at time of need: –Forward Capacity Market (FCM) –Locational Forward Reserve Market (LFRM) Created the Electric/Gas Operations Committee (EGOC) –Increased communications and coordination with the regional natural gas sector via the Northeast Gas Association (NGA)

7 7 Natural Gas Dependency In New England Regional Response – cont’d Dual fuel conversions of single-fuel, gas-only power stations Newly proposed LNG terminals and expansion of regional natural gas grid Confirm existing practices are compliant with FERC Order 698: (electric & gas sector communications)

8 8 Natural Gas Dependency In New England Inter-Regional Response 3 ISO/RTO MOU on Natural Gas: –Transfer of knowledge between ISO-NE, NYISO & PJM –Coordinated operations & planning –Continuous pre & post-seasonal discussions –Sharing of information, studies & methodologies –Refinement of communications protocols and contact lists –Direct communications between Control Room and Gas Control –Table-Top exercises

9 9 Natural Gas Dependency In New England Long-Term Outlook ISO-NE Regional System Plan: –Annual 10-year plan –Loads, generation, transmission & demand-side –Fuel diversity, availability, deliverability ISO-NE’s Scenario Analysis: –New England will continue to depend on natural gas –Interconnection queue predominately gas-fired –Relatively low air emissions –Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS)

10 10 Natural Gas Dependency In New England Long-Term Outlook – cont’d NERC LTRA –Resource adequacy assessment –Fuel supply & delivery assessment NPCC Triennial Review of Resource Adequacy –5-year resource adequacy review (LOLE) –Comprehensive review every three years –Interim review every year Emerging Issue: –LNG Interchangeability

11 11 Natural Gas Dependency In New England Operable Capacity Analysis New England’s total installed capacity: 33,425 MW (winter) –16,733 MW (50%) are capable of burning natural gas (as either a startup, primary, secondary or stabilization fuel) –8,587 MW (26%) are single-fuel, gas-only stations –8,146 MW (24%) are fully functional, dual-fuel stations (gas/oil) 2007 Regional System Plan – Assessed the amount of gas- only resources required under winter peak conditions: –50/50 load: 2007/08 ~ 450 MW 2011/12 ~ 1,650 MW –90/10 load: 2007/08 ~ 1,400 MW 2011/12 ~ 2,700 MW

12 12 Natural Gas Dependency In New England Market Rules and Operating Procedures Appendix H of Market Rule #1: “Operations During Cold Weather Conditions” –7-Day Forecast Projects Cold Weather Conditions –Cold Weather Watch, Warning & Event –Cold Weather Event triggers rollback of wholesale electric market timelines to align with natural gas nomination deadlines Operating Procedure No. 21: “Action During an Energy Emergency” –Triggered by fuel supply shortage or deliverability constraint –Requests fuel switching to non-constrained fuels –Allows collection of fuel inventory data from generation fleet –Dispatch system to manage and preserve fuel inventories

13 13 Natural Gas Dependency In New England New Natural Gas Infrastructure Source: Northeast Gas Association (NGA)

14 14 Natural Gas Dependency In New England New Natural Gas Infrastructure Source: Northeast Gas Association (NGA)

15 15 Natural Gas Dependency In New England Conclusions New England will continue to rely heavily on natural gas-fired generation (primary finding from ISO-NE’s Scenario Analysis) Close coordination between electric and gas industries is required Markets promote unit availability at time of need –Dual fuel & firm fuel purchases Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS) and demand-side resources will assist in diversifying the region’s fuel supply Newly proposed LNG terminals and expansion of the regional natural gas grid will improve the amount of natural gas supply

16 16 Natural Gas Dependency In New England Appendix 2007 Regional System Plan: –http://www.iso-ne.com/trans/rsp/index.html ISO-NE’s Scenario Analysis: –http://www.iso- ne.com/committees/comm_wkgrps/othr/sas/index.html NERC LTRA –http://www.nerc.com/~filez/rasreports.html NPCC Triennial Review of Resource Adequacy: –http://www.npcc.org/adequacy.cfm

17 17 Natural Gas Dependency In New England Appendix – cont’d Appendix H of Market Rule #1: Cold Weather Operations –http://www.iso- ne.com/regulatory/tariff/sect_3/mr1_appendix_h_ pdf Operating Procedure No. 21: Action During an Energy Emergency –http://www.iso- ne.com/rules_proceds/operating/isone/op21/index.html Northeast Gas Association: –http://www.northeastgas.org

18 18 Natural Gas Dependency In New England QUESTIONS Michael I. Henderson Director – Regional Planning and Coordination ISO New England Inc. (413) 535 – 4166


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