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Management of Ship’s Waste On-board and Ashore: MARPOL Annex V Roundtable Discussion Presented by : North American Marine Environmental Protection Association.

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Presentation on theme: "Management of Ship’s Waste On-board and Ashore: MARPOL Annex V Roundtable Discussion Presented by : North American Marine Environmental Protection Association."— Presentation transcript:

1 Management of Ship’s Waste On-board and Ashore: MARPOL Annex V Roundtable Discussion Presented by : North American Marine Environmental Protection Association West Gulf Maritime Association, Houston, TX Capt. David Condino, USMM, CIV HQ USCG Office of Port and Facility Compliance (CG-FAC-2) United States Coast Guard

2 United States Coast Guard  Promote Safety and environmental stewardship  Encourage pollution prevention policy internationally, nationally and locally  Keep industry on the move with minimal delays  Encourage best practice methodology and use of technology by working with industry and IMO Member States 2

3 United States Coast Guard 3 IMO Guidance to Member States “MARPOL provisions require the government of each party to ensure the provision of adequate port reception facilities without causing undue delay.” “…failure to establish adequate facilities is a breach of international obligations and will increase the risk of illegal discharges from ships.” “…ship operators will favor ports with good services at reasonable cost.”

4 United States Coast Guard 4 National Legislation US incorporates MARPOL regulations in the Act to Prevent Pollution from Ships (APPS) as Codified in 33 CFR 151 and 33 CFR 158 (Reception Facility Regulations)US incorporates MARPOL regulations in the Act to Prevent Pollution from Ships (APPS) as Codified in 33 CFR 151 and 33 CFR 158 (Reception Facility Regulations) Other countries may have variations based on Their own National environmental prioritiesOther countries may have variations based on Their own National environmental priorities

5 United States Coast Guard US Coast Guard’s Certificate of Adequacy (COA) Program: (33 CFR 158)  MARPOL Applies to Ships and to ports and terminals Ports and Terminals must provide Port Reception Facilities (PRF) for Ships 5

6 United States Coast Guard  33 CFR : “To continue to receive ships, a port or terminal must hold one or more Certificates of Adequacy” (See Criteria)  33 CFR : “To continue to receive ships at a port or terminal required by the person in charge must apply to the Coast Guard...” 6

7 United States Coast Guard 7 ◦ Annex I – Receives ships 400 GT or more w/ oily mixtures ◦ Annex II- Receives ships carrying NLSs ◦ Annex V- Receives Annex I or II ships or fishing vessels which offload 500K lbs/year of fisheries product. In the US All terminals must provide MARPOL V reception facilities including small recreational marinas not requiring certification ◦ Annex VI – Stack Scrubber Residues and Ozone Depletion Substances Reception Facility Applicability Who Must Provide Them: 33 CFR 158

8 United States Coast Guard  Penalties for violation: “a person who violates MARPOL...” “$25,000...EACH DAY” 8

9 United States Coast Guard 9 Private Companies such as waterfront facility/land owners (piers, basins, docks, quays, terminals)Private Companies such as waterfront facility/land owners (piers, basins, docks, quays, terminals) Public enterprise or a combination (Municipally, i.e. federal, state, city owned/operated ports or terminals)Public enterprise or a combination (Municipally, i.e. federal, state, city owned/operated ports or terminals) A port may determine their own cost considerations (Fixed Port Fees, Tonnage Tax, Commercial transaction?) But they should be reasonable. A port may determine their own cost considerations (Fixed Port Fees, Tonnage Tax, Commercial transaction?) But they should be reasonable. Port Reception Facilities can be:

10 United States Coast Guard ◦ A General Guidance document in the form of an IMO Circular: MEPC.1/Circ.671 ◦ Downloadable from GISIS website: ◦ Definitions and suggestions for ship owners/operators and reception facility operators ◦ Inadequacy Reporting and Advance Notice and Waste Receipt Forms 10

11 United States Coast Guard Reception Facility Adequacy: What determines Adequacy? Reception Facility Adequacy: What determines Adequacy?  Timeliness: US Coast Guard Certificate of Adequacy (COA) program in keeping with IMO Guidance ◦ Annex I – Must receive oily mixtures w/n 24-hrs of notice & must complete transfers w/n 10-hrs for ballast water & within 4-hrs for other oily mixtures. ◦ Annex II – Must receive residues w/n 24-hrs of notice & must complete transfers w/n 10 hrs. ◦ Annex V – within 24-hrs of notice including for Quarantine Waste (Protecting Public Health) ◦ Annex VI – Must receive ODS and Stack Scrubber Residues 11

12 United States Coast Guard  PORT RECEPTION FACILITIES (Operational Adequacy and Best Practices) ◦ Conform with national and local permitting schemes or licensing required by environmental and public health laws concerning waste handling ◦ Must be arranged so as not to interfere with port or terminal operations ◦ Must be conveniently located so it can be easily found and use is not discouraged ◦ Must be situated so that wastes and residues removed from ships cannot readily enter the water 12

13 United States Coast Guard  The Coast Guard investigates all allegations of inadequacy at PRFs and may examine: Waste stream logs for waste streams from vessels Waste stream logs for waste streams from vessels Hazardous Waste Manifests Hazardous Waste Manifests Cargo and Bunker Transfer Documents Cargo and Bunker Transfer Documents Advance Notice and Waste Receipt Forms on-board and at PRFs Advance Notice and Waste Receipt Forms on-board and at PRFs 13  Report Inadequacies to the Captain of the Port (COTP) by any means (33 CFR )  Use of the standard format for reporting alleged inadequacy of PRFs to the IMO (MEPC.1/Circ.469/Rev.1)

14 United States Coast Guard  IMO’s Global Integrated Shipping Information System (GISIS)  Use of the IMO PRFD as the primary source for information about port reception facilities worldwide  Reports of Inadequacy and Investigation Results provided to IMO (Legal and Regulatory Compliance Division)  Standardized Advance Notice and Waste Receipts approved and available for download as MEPC.1/Circ.644 and Circ.645  “Guide to Good Practices” for PRF users available on GISIS website  Some Port States may be able to provide their own web based information (example: USA has its Coast Guard Maritime Information Exchange (http://cgmix.uscg.mil/MARPOL/Default.aspx) 14

15 United States Coast Guard 15 Other Issues Affecting Ship Owners/Operators and Port Operators Special Area DesignationSpecial Area Designation ISO Standards for Shipboard and PRF waste managementISO Standards for Shipboard and PRF waste management Quarantine WastesQuarantine Wastes Cruise ship at a US port preparing to leave for a week- long voyage to the Caribbean!

16 United States Coast Guard Wider Caribbean Region Special Area (WCR SA)

17 United States Coast Guard ◦ ISO (Published 2011)  Waste Segregation  Storage  Waste Minimizing  Waste Handling Equipment 17

18 United States Coast Guard ISO (Published 2012)  Waste Segregation  Storage  Waste Minimizing  Waste Handling Equipment  Recycling  Local and National Regulations  Treatment technologies at the port 18

19 United States Coast Guard 19 US Ports must be able to receive APHIS regulated garbage within 24-hrs of notice (Protecting Public Health) 33 CFR 158 Part D – It is the law!! Regulated Wastes (quarantine): Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS)

20 United States Coast Guard 20 Summary - Conclusions The Way Forward for Cleaner Oceans:  Adhering to Best Management Practices for Management of ships waste Aboard and Ashore  Enhanced Record Keeping and Reporting for ship owners/crews and Port/Terminal operators.  Embracing Concepts of “Cradle-to-Grave” management of ships’ waste and principles of Reduce, Re-use and Recycle  Widest distribution of guidance and standards for waste handling/management/technology and responsible and environmentally safe ultimate disposal  Working toward keeping ships’ waste out of the oceans.

21 United States Coast Guard David Condino, CG-FAC-2, Facility Safety Branch Office:


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