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Who Moved My Data? Black Holes in Cyberspace zJudith J. Field zSenior Lecturer zWayne State University.

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Presentation on theme: "Who Moved My Data? Black Holes in Cyberspace zJudith J. Field zSenior Lecturer zWayne State University."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Who Moved My Data? Black Holes in Cyberspace zJudith J. Field zSenior Lecturer zWayne State University

3 Have You Wondered? zWhat’s wrong with this URL? zWhere is that document that I retrieved earlier? zWhere is the article that goes with this citation? zWhere are the archives?

4 More Questions zWhy can’t I get access to this resource? zWhere are the charts? zWhy can’t I duplicate a former search?

5 In other words…. zHave my searching skills failed me zDo I still have faith that my search strategies are results in the answers that I need

6 Government Documents Before 9-11 zThe Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) zMigration from print to nonprint zSmaller sample sizes zMore of the data being released as raw or unprocessed data zAgencies establishing new publishing and access policies

7 zAgencies with differing opinions about what it means to archive zDifferent technology being implemented by agencies with varying results yFederal Register search engine does not retrieve all actions taken on particular classes of duties ySEC created a fake site to educate users

8 Government Documents After 9-11 zDocuments recalled from Depository Libraries and from agency Web sites zWeb sites closed or made inaccessible zPatriot Act zPrivacy Act zIntelligence Community System for Information Sharing (ICSIS) protocols hampering information sharing between agencies

9 zData Quality Act zThe Proposed TIA which would have imposed greater access problems zRemoval of material for political reasons yPubSci yEducation Department redesign yCenters for Disease Control removed material dealing with AIDS

10 zExamples of material removed for national security yAirport safety data yChemical plant risk-management plans yUS Geologic Service recalled material on surface water yDefense Department removed 6000 documents

11 zExample of an extreme case y“Brady Act Instant Background Check is not applicable to antique firearms was recalled. A 2-page letter but items cited were still available. zMany state governments are following suit using “National Security” as the reason

12 Tracking Sites zOmbwatch.org maintains a list of documents that have been withdrawn z“Homefront Confidential” also provides a chronology zUpdates at

13 RATIONALE zAn increasing effort to eliminate any service the government provides that competes with commercial providers continues to grow. Justifications: yCost savings yGreater nation security yStrong printing market yConvenience of e-government

14 zCounterpoint is that this philosophy is a contraction of our right to hold the government accountable by insisting that the public record be complete and accessible. zPatrick Henry said :”The liberties of a people never were, nor ever will be secure, when the transactions of their rulers may be concealed from them.”

15 The Commercial World zOperates in a different manner from government zThe principle is that profit may take precedence over public interest

16 Commercial Databases zData input errors zSubstandard digitization zDatabases removed from a commercial provider yMoved to another aggregator with differing content yCreating a stand alone database yImpact of electronic access to print subscriptions zArticles without electronic copyright authorization removed result of Tasini

17 EXAMPLES zNot all Primedia author contracts include electronic rights creating a difference between print and nonprint titles zSage publications pulled their publications from EBSCO and ProQuest because electronic access negatively impacted sales of their print titles zJane Publications have pulled their material from commercial aggregators; material now available directly from them

18 zElsevier admits pulling items from their Science Direct database saying “For legal reasons this article has been removed by publisher”. zCambridge Scientific Abstracts (CSA) has pulled their material from Dialog and by the end of the year from EBSCO. They were not happy about how the cites provided linking to their standards

19 zGale Group’s policy does provide notes about what they have removed; currently 0.25% of their records zDialog removed several newspaper files including Chicago Tribune,Fort Lauderdale Sun Sentinel; also BIP; Court Filings (File 793) They maintain a list of files removed at

20 zRemoval of news stories that have been plagiarized or fictionalized yNewspapers philosophy on corrections zThe problem of stories that are reported by various sources over a period of time zMigration of files that lead to loss data zMaterial archived as an abstract and not full-text

21 zDelays in direct feed from newspapers to the commercial databases zE-journals production, indexing, and archiving issues including the need for standards zQuality of research that is based solely on government sources zProblem of first run stories needing to be corrected but not necessarily appearing in the vendor files

22 zThe lack of commonality of standards related to: yFull-text yArchiving yIndexing and Indexes zThe evolving relationship of database producers and aggregators

23 The Web zURL’s that are changed or withdrawn zMaterial pull for political reasons z Increasing problems in deep linking zRapid growth zNo one perfect search engine zAccessing Archives zThe movement to charge fees

24 zSecurity concerns zPop-up ads zCookies zSpam zRepeat searches often times give different results zDisappearing or restructured indexes

25 Examples zDenmark has filed a lawsuit contesting copyright in deep linking zSearching creates a trail that could provide competitive intelligence to others

26 Other Issues zThe increase in wireless applications and corresponding security issues zContinuing need to justify expenses since everything is free and on the WEB zDecreasing control over the exact reproduction of content zThe need for new international standards zIncreasing dependency on relevance features of meta searches

27 Solutions that are needed zDetermining the true level of the Information Literacy/Fluency of our clients zPermanent preservation concerns yDigitalization is not the answer….yet xNASA satellite data of the 70’s not readable x60’s land-use and natural resource inventories in NY can no longer be read xWhen JPEG2000 is adopted; JPEG will not be compatible xHalf-life of a referenced URL is approximately four years

28 zFirewalls zIncreasing hoaxes and frauds yWhales in the Great lakes

29 What do you need to do? zBeing aware 24/7 zRegular monitoring of listservs zActive participation in users groups zBeing willing to be an honest critic zGo to conferences and local meetings zAttend product demonstrations zNetwork, network, network

30 zOur reputation as quality information providers is in our hands zDon’t let those BLACK HOLES swallow you!

31 Judith J. Field Senior Lecturer Wayne State University


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