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PubMed was searched for randomized clinical trials published between 2007 and 2012 in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) Trials were included if.

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Presentation on theme: "PubMed was searched for randomized clinical trials published between 2007 and 2012 in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) Trials were included if."— Presentation transcript:

1 PubMed was searched for randomized clinical trials published between 2007 and 2012 in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) Trials were included if they enrolled at least 5,000 patients and had a cardiovascular primary endpoint Rates of LTFU and WDC were determined from the primary manuscripts and online supplementary material when necessary Robert W. Harrison, MD; Daniel Wojdyla, MS; Kenneth W. Mahaffey, MD Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, NC Conclusions Robert W. Harrison, MD Duke Clinical Research Institute 2400 Pratt St. Durham, NC Lost to follow-up in contemporary global cardiovascular randomized clinical trials Background Objectives Methods Results Table 1: Study Characteristics Subjects in clinical trials may choose to withdrawal their consent (WDC) to participate, or become lost to follow-up (LTFU) prior to study completion High rates of LTFU may introduce uncertainty around the validity of the results of clinical trials Incomplete follow-up data may lead to increased scrutiny on behalf of regulatory agencies, and may threaten approval of investigational products 1 Currently, there is no standard method for reporting LTFU and WDC Review the methods for reporting LTFU and WDC in large contemporary global cardiovascular clinical trials Determine the rates of LTFU and WDC in large contemporary global cardiovascular clinical trials Disclosures: Harrison, RW: None Wojdyla, D: None Mahaffey, KW: Consulting fees/honoraria: Johnson&Johnson, AstraZeneca, Exeter Group, Orexigan, Biotronik, Amgen, Genentech, Sun Pharma, Forest, Adolor, WebMD, Ortho/McNeill, Haemonetics, Daiichi Sankyo, Pfizer, South East Area Health Education Center, Elsevier (AHJ), Eli Lilly, Gilead Science, Bristol Myers Squibb, Glaxo Smith Kline, Novartis Pharmaceutical, Medtronic, Merck, Sanofi-Aventis, Boehringer Ingleheim, Bayer, Polymedix; Research Grants: INC Research, Eli Lilly, Medtronic, Merck, Pozen, Baxter, Cordis, Boehringer Ingelheim, Luitpold, AstraZeneca, Edwards Lifesciences, Bristol Myers Squibb, Abbott Vascular, Portola, Daiichi Sankyo, Sanofi, Guidant, Bayer, Amgen, Glaxo Smith Kline, Johnson & Johnson, Roche Diagnostic, Novartis Pharmaceutical, Amylin, Schering Plough Research Institute, Ikaria, The Medicines Company, Regado, Springer Publishing, KAI Contact Reference: 1 FDA Briefing Document for the Cardiovascular and Renal Drugs Advisory Committee (CRDAC). dvisoryCommittees/Committees MeetingMaterials/Drugs/Cardiov ascularandRenalDrugsAdvisoryC ommittee/UCM pdf. May 23, 2012; Accessed March 1, 2013 There is great variability in the manner in which LTFU and WDC are reported 40% of studies did not contain a CONSORT diagram, and 40% of studies did not describe LTFU or WDC by treatment arm Overall, the proportions of LTFU were low, but in some trials over 100 patients had LTFU WDC occurred more frequently but was only reported in 60% of the trials These results emphasize the need to standardize reporting of LTFU and WDC as important trial metrics of quality and to develop strategies to minimize their occurrence Table 2: Reporting of LTFU and Withdrawn Consent Figure: Proportion of subjects with LTFU or WDC LTFUWithdrawn Consent Median (IQR) 0.23% (0.12%-0.58%) 1.10% (0.18%-2.55%) Range0.03% - 9.7%0.02% - 8.3% Fold variation 323x415x WDC LTFU


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