Presentation on theme: "INTRODUCTION TO GRAPHOLOGY. Etymology Grapho – to write Logos – study Graphology – Handwriting Analysis; method of determining one’s behavior based one’s."— Presentation transcript:
Etymology Grapho – to write Logos – study Graphology – Handwriting Analysis; method of determining one’s behavior based one’s handwriting. In this study, depression is being determined by graphology.
The TRUTH Appearances can be deceiving but Handwriting Never LIES.. - Michelle Dresbold (2006)
Which one of these writers is more nurturing? A B
A B A gentle woman who dedicated her life to nurturing and healing the poorest of the poor Mother Teresa A murderer and a Torturer Heinrich Himmler
Which one of the writers tends to be inconsistent? A B
Which one would be more fun at the party? Who is the life of the party?
Your Own Writing Sample Write a letter to yourself of at least two paragraphs. The verbal content of your message is unimportant, so just relax and write in usual style (CURSIVE form).
WHAT IS GRAPHOLOGY or Handwriting Analysis? It is a MODERN Form of PSYCHOLOGY that identifies personality traits and Human Character through Handwriting. - Bart Baggett (2004)
Two Types of Approaches 1. Trait Strokes - Individual ingredient of the handwriting. 2. Gestalt - the “whole” picture
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) Q: What does Handwriting REVEAL? A: Handwriting reveals the true personality, including emotional outlay, fears, honesty, defenses, and over 100 other individual Personality Traits.
FAQ Q: What CAN you NOT tell from a handwriting sample? A: Age Race Gender Religion Nationality Future Writing Hand
FAQ Q: How does handwriting reveal personality? A: Handwriting is often referred to as “BRAIN WRITING”. Research scientists in the field of neuroscience have categorized neuromuscular movement tendencies as they are correlated with specific observable personality traits.
FAQ Q: How accurate is Handwriting Analysis? A: It is only as accurate as the analyst is skilled. Most professionals claim to be 85 – 95% accurate.
Who uses Handwriting Analysis? A: FBI, CIA and Mossad (Israel’s intelligence agency) use it to build detailed psychological profiles of some of the world’s most dangerous individuals.
Who uses Handwriting Analysis? A: Anyone who is interested in gaining a better understanding of himself and others or making a positive change in his own life.
Who uses HA? Individuals – for self-improvement, to gain understanding of themselves, and often incorporate aspects of grapho- therapy to change bad habits.
Who uses HA? Single people – to aid in the selection of compatible partners. Couples – to improve current relationships through better understanding and communication.
Who uses HA? Business– for selecting applicants, determining good business partners, etc.... Psychologists and counselors– for personality evaluation and therapy
Who uses HA? Teachers– for understanding their students better in order to plan appropriate teaching strategies. Psychologists and counselors– for personality evaluation and therapy
FAQ Q: What about people who print? A: People who print have put up a barrier to keep the world from getting to know them. * They do not easily express their innermost feelings.
People who print… Take longer to experience intimacy. Tend to have a strong external protective mental shell that is often seen as confidence. Mostly, men prefer to write in PRINT
FAQ Q: Why does my handwriting change all the time? A: Certain strokes represent emotions and moods. As your feelings and moods change from minute to minute, those corresponding particular strokes will change. However, the basic character-defining traits will remain the same.
The BEGINNING * Edgar Allan Poe – a great American Poe t, employed the term Autographery
Brief Background *2 nd century - China (Calligraphers) *99 A.D. - Rome (Suetonius Tranquilius)
Brief Background 1662 – Camillo Baldi First book on the subject was written. 1871 – Abbe Jean Hippolyte Michon Published two more books and coined the term “GRAPHOLOGY”
Brief Background 1979 – 1979 – most graphology books were placed in psychological selection categories in the Dewey Decimal Classification at the Library of Congress, USA
Brief Background 1989 – the US Dept. of labor changed category of Graphology from Entertainment to Miscellaneous professional
TOOLS NEEDED IN GRAPHOLOGY Pen Ruler Paper (8”x11”) Magnifying galss Protractor
HOW TO PREPARE A HANDWRITING SPECIMEN Use the prescribed tools Take note: sex of the writer handedness frequency of writing number of signatures used mood of the writer
Preparing a Specimen Put the signature (normally used) below At the back of the sheet or in another sheet, write other signatures used Content should be not less than 3 paragraphs
Normal balance between the Zones Flexible and adaptable Can Handle thoughts and feelings well Has no hesitancy to accomplish any given task Well-balanced physical drives. Has the ability to control his impulse.
Very small Upper Zone Lacks creativity and imagination His importance is placed instead upon practical considerations Good Script – self-reliant, realistic and flexible Poor Script – greed, materialism and sensuality
Correlates with middle part of the body. It represents your social & practical needs. It represents your social & practical needs. About living in the here and now. How you communicate with others in your day-to-day relationships How you communicate with others in your day-to-day relationships
Underrate himself and suffer from inferiority feelings. Finds little joy in daily life and prefers not to cope with its problems. Finds little joy in daily life and prefers not to cope with its problems. (If the MZ is very small, but both of the other zones are extended and the baseline is firm but flexible). With a good form quality, such a writer is usually creative (If the MZ is very small, but both of the other zones are extended and the baseline is firm but flexible).
Correlates with lower part of the body. What goes on with your lower body? What goes on with your lower body? ◦ You WALK ◦ You RUN ◦ You DANCE ◦ You MAKE LOVE It represents your physical, material, sexual needs, urges and appetites.
Dominated by powerful unconscious forces relating to survival needs, materialism and reproductive imperatives. Restless and needs constant variety and change (much of his time is spent trying to satisfy his enormous appetites for money, sex and variety.
Repression of early childhood traumas and sexual feelings. Blocking so much responsiveness that close relationships with the writer are so difficult. Blocking so much responsiveness that close relationships with the writer are so difficult.
Things to ponder… In school, it is recommended that teachers practice their students to write a balance in the three zones to avoid possible production of individuals who are braggarts, immature, greedy and have little control over temptations.
Things to ponder… Guidance Counselors who noticed a student for having an imbalanced writing in the three zones, and confirmed significant concerns in the latter’s behavior might take into consideration to make use of grapho-therapy together with their preferred counseling philosophy.
Things to ponder… In a company, HR experts may take into consideration to clearly check and evaluate the balance in the three zones, and together with the other personality tests, HR experts may be able to hire competent employees depending on the company’s needs.
Slants Refers to the directions of the letter slope Generally indicates the degree of emotional responsiveness of a person towards his environment. Also shows Personality Types (Introversion, Extraversion and Ambiversion)
Slants any stroke ending to the right side of the page symbolizes a movement toward other people or the future. Any stroke ending to the left symbolizes a tendency to be withdrawn or to move into the past.
Normal handwriting is considered to be slightly right-slanted which indicates a person’s being normally sensitive and emotionally healthy, but with moderate responses. The more right-slanted the handwriting becomes, the more emotionally responsive a person becomes.
Varying Unsettled and inconsistent Moody Emotional nature is erratic, you never know how he will react Nervous Undisciplined Excitable Lacking in judgment or common sense.
Things to ponder In school, teachers may check their students’ writing slants, and try to observe the effect of these on the students’ behavior, specifically on social orientation and emotional responsiveness.
Things to ponder If the teacher notices a student to be extremely right or left slanted, he may assist the latter to eventually change his writing into vertical slant or slightly slanted to the right to prevent the production of individuals who are extremely reactive and/or withdrawn.
Things to ponder In a company, if graphology is used in hiring employees, it is always practical to consider the job description of the prospective employees. If the company needs someone who is sociable, sympathetic and compassionate, the HR expert might want to hire a slightly right-slanted writer.
Things to ponder If the company needs someone who has a head over heart emotional attitude, and is open to experiences but cautious and controlled, then the HR expert might want to hire a vertical- slanted writer.
Things to ponder However, if the company needs someone who still manages to be charming in social situations while remaining emotionally aloof, then the HR expert might want to hire a slightly left- slanted writer.
Margin Narrow left margin Widening right margin
Spacing Spacing between the Lines Spacing between the Words Spacing between the Letters
Kurdsen (1971) uttered that spacing between the lines is recognized as the picture of the Writer’s MIND dependent upon his temporary state.
Spacing between the LINES Amend & Ruiz (1980) stressed that spacing between lines represents how much one wishes to interact with his environment. Lowe (2007) emphasized that it is an indication of self-control and how one wants to be clearly understood when communicating with other people.
Impulsiveness (rushing ahead too quickly without thinking ahead). Genuinely conscious of the need to use his resources very carefully. As the line spacing becomes narrower, the more the writer becomes impulsive, stingy, and lacking of ability for abstract thinking and objectivity.
Moderately wide line spacing indicates order and system, analytical mind, capacity for clear presentation of complicated data, and good manners. However, the wider the line spacing becomes, the more the tendency an individual becomes Pedant (inflexible and/or rigid), aloof, afraid of making logical mistakes, incoherent and indecisive. However, the wider the line spacing becomes, the more the tendency an individual becomes Pedant (inflexible and/or rigid), aloof, afraid of making logical mistakes, incoherent and indecisive.
Spacing between WORDS Amend & Ruiz (1980) stressed that spaces between words indicate one’s desire to be perceived in terms of mingling with other people.
Interest in literature Fond of music and poetry Indicates introversion with deep feeling. Firmly-rooted convictions Cautious Sometimes indecisive
Spacing between LETTERS Amend & Ruiz (1980) stressed that spaces between letters indicate one’s personal desire in terms of mingling with other people. Sheila Lowe (2007) uttered that spaces between letters indicate the freedom the writer allows himself internally.
Average Spaces Well-balanced relationship with other people. Flexibility in social gatherings. Ability to maintain close relationships.
Crowded close to each other Cautious Introverted Sometimes conscious and anxious
Expansive letters Outgoing Extroverted Loves to have fun Sociable
Things to ponder In school, it is recommended that teachers check their students’ writing spaces (line, words and letters). Helping their students maintain average spaces may assist them to achieve more peaceful classroom environment.
Things to ponder In a company, its is recommended that HR experts check their applicants’ spaces. If they notice the inconsistencies in the writers’ spaces, they may create questions before the final interview about the consistencies between his values, thinking and behavior.
Researches in Graphology APA Guidelines For Educational and Psychological Testing American Psychological Association APA: 1974. Barrow, N K and Scott, R H Validation of a personnel Selection System to meet EEOC Guidelines. Journal Of Handwriting Psychology 1984, 1 (1), 15 - 17
Researches in Graphology Sassoon, R. - Children's Handwriting As An Indicator of Stress; International Journal of Psychology; V0027 N3-4, p 440, Jun-Aug 1992. Schmitt, J, Neal, J & Klimoski, R: Research Method's in Human Resources Management. South Western Publications, Cincinnati, OH: 1991.
References Amend, K. & Ruiz, M. (1980) Baggett, B. (2004) Baggett, B. (2007) Bradley, N. (2005) Dresbold, M. (2006) Kurdsen, N. (1971) Lowe, S. (2007) Handwriting University International (HUI) Handwriting Analyst International (HAI) Ocampa Handwriting Analysis (OHA)