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American Institute of CPAs ® aicpa.org/FRC Auditing Standards Board Clarity Project DISCLAIMER: This publication has not been approved, disapproved or.

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Presentation on theme: "American Institute of CPAs ® aicpa.org/FRC Auditing Standards Board Clarity Project DISCLAIMER: This publication has not been approved, disapproved or."— Presentation transcript:

1 American Institute of CPAs ® aicpa.org/FRC Auditing Standards Board Clarity Project DISCLAIMER: This publication has not been approved, disapproved or otherwise acted upon by any senior technical committees of, and does not represent an official position of, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants. It is distributed with the understanding that the contributing authors and editors, and the publisher, are not rendering legal, accounting, or other professional services in this publication. If legal advice or other expert assistance is required, the services of a competent professional should be sought. Copyright © 2011 by American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, Inc. New York, NY All rights reserved. For information about the procedure for requesting permission to make copies of any part of this work, please with your request. Otherwise, requests should be written and mailed to the Permissions Department, AICPA, 220 Leigh Farm Road, Durham, NC

2 American Institute of CPAs ® aicpa.org/FRC Clarity Background Discussion paper issued March 2007 ASB considered comments received and approved direction forward August 2007 Goals Address concerns over length and complexity of standards Make standards easier to read, understand and implement Will lead to enhancements in audit quality

3 American Institute of CPAs ® aicpa.org/FRC Clarity Convergence? IAASB, ASB, GAO, PCAOB Convergence with ISAs Harmonize, not adopt Most audits performed internationally are of nonpublic entities – therefore, ASB and IAASB have a similar focus Avoid unnecessary differences with PCAOB ASB standards—more “should”s than ISAs, but less than existing SASs

4 American Institute of CPAs ® aicpa.org/FRC Clarity Drafting Conventions Introduction Objective Definitions Requirements Application Material Integral part of standard – auditors required to read and understand Appendices and Exhibits

5 American Institute of CPAs ® aicpa.org/FRC Clarity Drafting Conventions Difference between Must and Should Must = is required to do action -(always do action, exactly as prescribed) Should = is required to do [action] -(always do action, but on rare occasions not exactly as prescribed) Application material is integral part of standard – auditor is required to understand it

6 American Institute of CPAs ® aicpa.org/FRC Clarity Project 58 AU sections 3 withdrawn 37 redrafted to corresponding SAS 7 combined into 1 new SAS 11 combined/split into 9 SASs Will be replaced by 47 new SASs AU section numbers will be changed to converge with ISA numbering Effective for audits of periods ending on or after 12/15/2012

7 American Institute of CPAs ® aicpa.org/FRC Issuance of Clarified SASs Issued and Effective: SASs Issuance planned for October 2011 SAS 122, Statements on Auditing Standards: Clarification and Recodification (39 finalized SASs) SAS 123, Omnibus Statement on Auditing Standards SAS 124, Reporting On Financial Statements Prepared in Accordance With a Financial Reporting Framework Generally Accepted in Another Country.

8 American Institute of CPAs ® aicpa.org/FRC Issuance of Clarified SASs Others AU section 532, Restricting the Use of an Auditor’s Report AU section 341, The Auditor’s Consideration of an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern, AU section 322, The Auditor’s Consideration of the Internal Audit Function in an Audit of Financial Statements

9 American Institute of CPAs ® aicpa.org/FRC Codification 2 volumes – extant (AU) and clarified (AU- C) Codification numbers set by SAS No. 122 “Extras” Preface Cross-reference old AU numbers to new AU numbers Summary of differences between SASs and ISAs Glossary

10 American Institute of CPAs ® aicpa.org/FRC Changes from Extant Standards No substantive changes to requirements for Audit Documentation Auditor’s Communication With Those Charged With Governance Risk Assessment Standards External Confirmations Analytical Procedures Audit Sampling Auditing Accounting Estimates Written Representations Subsequent Events Consideration of Omitted Procedures After the Report Release Date

11 American Institute of CPAs ® aicpa.org/FRC Changes to Extant Standards Primary difference relates to Group Audit Standard More specific as to what group engagement partner is responsible for. Additional QC guidance QC responsibilities for the audit more specifically described Overall QC function remains “firm” responsibility, but responsibilities are engagement partner’s and engagement team’s Some changes in audit report to more clearly describe management’s responsibility New format to use report headings

12 American Institute of CPAs ® aicpa.org/FRC Special Considerations—Audit of Group Financial Statements (AU 600) Acceptance and continuance - group auditor; identify components; preconditions Understanding - group; components; component auditors; make reference? Materiality decisions and responding to risks of material misstatement Other procedures - consolidation process; subsequent events; evaluating evidence Communications - with component auditors; with group governance and management

13 American Institute of CPAs ® aicpa.org/FRC Impact of Selected Standards—Group Audits Understanding of entity includes components Extent group auditor will be able to be involved with component auditor Decision to make reference Obtaining misstatements above trivial noted by component auditor Communications between group and component auditor increased Group auditor’s reporting of component auditor’s MW and SD

14 American Institute of CPAs ® aicpa.org/FRC Impact of Selected Standards: Overall Objectives SAS No substantive changes from superseded sections AU sections 110, 120, 150, 201, 210, 220, and 230 New structure Overall Objective of the Auditor Objective for each SAS 10 standards superseded New terminology- financial reporting framework, applicable financial reporting framework, fair-presentation framework, and regulatory and contractual-based framework.

15 American Institute of CPAs ® aicpa.org/FRC Impact of Selected Standards: Quality Control SQCS CPA Firm QC SAS Engagement Partner

16 American Institute of CPAs ® aicpa.org/FRC Examples of Impact of Selected Standards— Auditor Reports Exposure Drafts Opinion (Basis for qualified, adverse, or disclaimer) Emphasis of Matter Matters appropriately presented or disclosed Other Matter To understand audit matters Headings and Subheadings Other auditor reporting responsibilities Management’s Responsibilities

17 American Institute of CPAs ® aicpa.org/FRC Examples of Impact of Selected Standards— Special Purpose Frameworks Cash BasisTax BasisContractual Regulatory RestrictedGeneral Opinion Single Dual Use EOM? Yes No Describe Purpose No Yes Restrict use? No Yes No

18 American Institute of CPAs ® aicpa.org/FRC Implementation Strategies Wait, hope and pray? Hitch a ride with someone else? Still need to learn the content Get on your own horse and hit the trail!

19 American Institute of CPAs ® aicpa.org/FRC Implementation Strategies Gotta Know the Stuff Read, read, read -Application guidance, appendices, and exhibits -Updated AICPA audit guides -Risk Assessment Standards -State and Local Governments -Not-for-profit entities Watch for AICPA Clarity educational efforts Attend this and other educational events Talk with others!!!

20 American Institute of CPAs ® aicpa.org/FRC Implementation Strategies A Proactive Approach Begin updating for CY 2012/FY 2013 financial statement audits -Your policies and procedures manuals, forms, checklists, and audit processes Arizona OAG example -Began with exposure drafts (i.e., small task forces) -Cataloging changes (e.g., significant changes; things to watch for; government-specific) -Some centralized effort, but use/reinstate task forces for implementation analysis

21 American Institute of CPAs ® aicpa.org/FRC Clarity Project Website Resources Guide to Clarified and Converged Standards for Auditing and Quality Control All finalized SASs Mapping of Existing AU sections to Clarified SASs Summary of Differences Between Existing SASs and Clarified SASs Clarity Project FAQs Matrixes of detailed differences from ISAs

22 American Institute of CPAs ® aicpa.org/FRC Clarity Project Website Resources Guide to Clarified and Converged Standards for Auditing and Quality Control All finalized SASs Mapping of Existing AU sections to Clarified SASs Summary of Differences Between Existing SASs and Clarified SASs Clarity Project FAQs Matrixes of detailed differences from ISAs

23 American Institute of CPAs ® aicpa.org/FRC Clarity Project Website uditattest/pages/improvingclarityasbsta ndards.aspx

24 American Institute of CPAs ® aicpa.org/FRC Financial Reporting Center


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