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International Academy of Astronautics International Academy of Astronautics IAA Space Debris Committee Toronto, Sep. 27 th, 2014.

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Presentation on theme: "International Academy of Astronautics International Academy of Astronautics IAA Space Debris Committee Toronto, Sep. 27 th, 2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 International Academy of Astronautics International Academy of Astronautics IAA Space Debris Committee Toronto, Sep. 27 th, 2014

2 International Academy of Astronautics Agenda 1.IAC 1.1. IAA Space Debris Committee 1.2. Lessons learned from Beijing Status of Space Debris Symposium for Toronto Preparation of Space Debris Symposium for Jerusalem Exchanges 2.1. Past events: workshops, conferences, congresses, … 2.2. Ongoing 2.3. On the Agenda 2.4. New achievements 2.5. Round table – Open discussion 3. IAA SG 5.14 Situation Report  Meeting restricted to Study Group members  But new active members are welcome depending on thematics

3 International Academy of Astronautics 1.1. IAA Space Debris Committee General frame:  Officially created within IAA in Independent Committee - Permanent Committee - Attachment to Commission V questionable  Actions of the Committee: - Position Paper on Orbital Debris in 1993, revised in Position Paper SG 5.1 on Space Debris Mitigation in Position Paper SG 5.5 on Space Debris Remediation in Participation to SG 5.10 on Orbital Debris Removal: Policy, Legal, Political and Economic considerations - Situation Report Paper SG 5.14 ongoing, to be discussed today

4 International Academy of Astronautics Terms of Reference (recall): Scope Coordination of all activities related to Space Debris within the Academy Organization of the IAA Symposium on Space Debris A6 for the IAC, proposals for Keynote Lectures within the A6 Symposium, or Highlight Lectures in the more general IAC frame, Organization of any stand-alone conference on Space Debris on behalf the Academy, Coordination of the Academy sponsoring, participation and contribution to selected conferences dedicated to Space Debris, such as for instance the ESA Darmstadt Conference, Coordination of the Space Debris contribution in conferences not dedicated to Space Debris, but where some sessions may be devoted to the topic, sponsored by the Academy, Dissemination of information among the members of the Committee, mainly during regular meetings taking place twice a year, before the IAC and during the IAA March meetings in Paris IAA Space Debris Committee

5 International Academy of Astronautics Membership: No need to be member of IAA ! - Members of the IAA A6 Symposium Program Committee (chairs & rapporteurs) - Members of the Program Committee of other IAA sponsored conferences with Space Debris concerns - Members of Space Debris related working groups (IADC, UNCOPUOS, COSPAR, ISO …) - Academics, Labs, Universities, Industrials… working on the topic However, it is requested to be somehow “active”: - Participation to the meetings - Debriefing of activities during the meetings - Cross information with other members - Contribution to studies and reports Two meetings per year: - One just before each year’s IAC  Includes the status of the sessions, workshops, round tables… of the week - One just before or during the IAC March Meeting in Paris  Includes the pre-selection of the abstracts for the following IAC 1.1. IAA Space Debris Committee

6 International Academy of Astronautics Official membership: Co-Chairs: Christophe Bonnal Heiner Klinkrad Jer-Chyi Liou Committee Membership: Adimurthy Vipparthi Agapov Vladimir Ailor William H Akahoshi Yasuhiro Alby Fernand Anselmo Luciano Anz-Meador Phillip Berend Nicolas Brachet Gerard Christiansen Eric L Crowther Richard Dolado-Perez Juan-Carlos Finkleman David Flury Walter Francesconi Alessandro Ganeshan A S Hanada Toshiya Anyone missing? Charlotte Mathieu Christian Cazaux Tanja Masson-Zwaan Tetsuo Yasaka Frank DiPentino Anyone to be removed? None identified Hussey W John Hyde James Jah Moriba Johnson Nicholas L. Kelso T. S Kibe Seishiro Kouprianov Vladimir Krag Holger Krisko Paula H Matney Mark McKnight Darren S Meshcheryakov Sergei A Mulrooney Mark Pardini Carmen Perek Lubos Piergentili Fabrizio Prasad MYS Schaefer Frank Schildknecht Thomas Seitzer Patrick Stansbery Gene Stokes Hedley van Breukelen Eddy D Wiedemann Carsten Yakovlev Michael 1.1. IAA Space Debris Committee Attendance list for today: see Appendix 1.

7 International Academy of Astronautics 1.2. Feedback from Beijing 2013 Statistics: -Based on available information, 3 rd most attended Symposia after C1 (Astrodynamics) and A3 (Space Exploration) - Good work of the Chairs and Rapporteurs, with only 5% No-Show: best score of the Congress according to available information - 16 papers proposed for publication in Acta Astronautica - Note: it should have been a “low year” due to the 6 th Darmstadt conference

8 International Academy of Astronautics 1.2. Feedback from Beijing 2013 Based on available, uncomplete, information Average… 90 oral in 2014 Good… Need to keep this level

9 International Academy of Astronautics Highly improvable! 1.2. Feedback from Beijing 2013

10 International Academy of Astronautics Number of IAC abstracts since Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium

11 International Academy of Astronautics 1.3. Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium NORTH AMERICA 779 abstracts (2 countries) – 21,8% LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN 101 abstracts (11 countries) – 2,9% AFRICA 47 abstracts (8 countries) – 1,3% EUROPE 756 abstracts (29 countries) – 21,4% ASIA-PACIFIC 1884 abstracts (24 countries) – 52,9% Geographic distribution of abstracts

12 International Academy of Astronautics 1.3. Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium Distribution of abstracts per country 2013

13 International Academy of Astronautics 1.3. Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium Abstracts per symposium

14 International Academy of Astronautics 1.3. Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium Abstracts per session (top 22)

15 International Academy of Astronautics Number of IAC abstracts submitted to Toronto Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium Total Number of AbstractsOral or Poster Oral Presentation Poster Presentation %55,6%39,5%4,9% Status after the selection, IPC March 14 meeting Total Number of AbstractsAccepted Oral Presentation Poster Presentation %67,6%51,8%15,7%

16 International Academy of Astronautics Number of abstracts, Space Debris Symposium, since Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium Total Number of AbstractsAccepted Oral Presentation Poster Presentation %76,4%40,0%37,3% Status after the selection, IPC March 14 meeting

17 International Academy of Astronautics Number of sessions, Space Debris Symposium, since Poster session, which is gaining importance 1.3. Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium

18 International Academy of Astronautics A6: Space Debris Symposium Liou – Bonnal The Symposium will address the complete spectrum of technical issues of space debris: measurements, modelling, risk assessment in space and on the ground, reentry, hypervelocity impacts and protection, mitigation and standards, and Space Surveillance. A6.1: Measurements: Schildknecht – Agapov – Carroll This session will address advanced ground and space-based measurement techniques, relating processing methods, and results of space debris characterization. A6.2: Modelling and Risk Analysis: Anselmo – Liou – Hanada This session will address the characterization of the current and future debris population and methods for in- orbit and on-ground risk assessments. The in-orbit analysis will cover collision risk estimates based on statistical population models and deterministic catalogues, and active avoidance. A6.3: Hypervelocity Impacts and Protection: Francesconi – Sen Liu – Schäfer The session will address passive protection, shielding and damage predictions. Shielding aspects will be supported by experimental and computational results of HVI tests. Use of HVI techniques for debris mitigation. A6.4: Mitigation and Standards: Cazaux – Klinkrad – Yakovlev or Molotov This session will focus on the definition and implementation of debris prevention and reduction measures and vehicle passive protection. The session will also address space debris mitigation guidelines and standards that exist already or are in preparation at the national or international level Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium

19 International Academy of Astronautics A6.5: Space Debris Removal Issues: Piergentili – Prasad – Bérend This session will address active removal techniques “ground and space based”, review potential solutions and identify implementation difficulties. A6.6: Space Debris Removal Concepts: Kibe – DiPentino – Bonnal This session will address active removal techniques “ground and space based”, review potential solutions and identify implementation difficulties. A6.7: Operations in Space Debris Environment, Situational Awareness: Kelso – Finkleman – Dolado-Perez This session will address the multiple aspects associated to safe operations in Space dealing with Space Debris, including operational observations, orbit determination, catalogue build-up and maintenance, data aggregation from different sources, relevant data exchanges standards and conjunction analyses. A6.8 (joint with Space Security Committee): Political, Legal, Institutional and Economic Aspects of Space Debris Mitigation and Removal Biddington – McKnight – Mathieu This session will deal with the non-technical aspect of space debris mitigation and removal. Political, legal and institutional aspects includes role of IADC and UNCOPUOS and other multilateral bodies. Economic issues including insurance, financial incentives and funding for space debris mitigation and removal. The role of international cooperation in addressing these issues will be considered A6.9: Modelling and Orbit Determination Jah – Flegel – Lewis This session will address aspects of space debris orbit determination related to assessment of raw and derived data accuracy, optical measurements processing and modelling and risk analysis of space debris A6.P: Posters, Bonnal 1.3. Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium

20 International Academy of Astronautics As of Sep.26 th A6.1: Measurements: 10 papers – 1 withdrawn – 7 loaded – 8 confirmed – 4 presentation – 1 ? A6.2: Modeling and Risk Analysis: 10 papers – 1 withdrawn – 8 loaded – 9 confirmed – 7 presentations A6.3: Hyper Velocity Impacts and Protection: 12 papers – 3 withdrawn – 8 loaded – 8 confirmed – 5 presentations + ? additional A6.4: Mitigation and Standards: 10 papers – 1 withdrawn – 9 loaded – 8 confirmed – 7 presentations + 2 additional A6.5: Space Debris Removal Issues: 10 papers – 1 withdrawn – 8 loaded – 9 confirmed – 7 presentations – 1 ? A6.6: Space Removal Concepts 11 papers – 2 withdrawn – 9 loaded – 9 confirmed – 4 presentations A6.7: Operations in Space Debris environment, Space Situational Awareness: 10 papers – 1 withdrawn – 8 loaded – 8 confirmed – 6 presentations A6.8 : Political, Legal, Institutional and Economic Aspects of Space Debris Mitigation and Removal: 7 papers – 1 withdrawn – 5 loaded – 5 confirmed – 2 presentations (+ 1 hour moderated debate) A6.9: Modelling and Orbit Determination: 10 papers – 0 withdrawn – 8 loaded – 9 confirmed – 8 presentation – 1 ? A6.P: Space Debris: Posters 84 papers – 23 withdrawn – 38 loaded Total without Posters: 90 papers – 11 withdrawn – 70 loaded – 72 confirmed – 38 presentations – 3 ? 100%12.2% 77.8% 80% 42.2% 1.3. Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium

21 International Academy of Astronautics Poster competition A6: 84 selected posters, 16 withdrawn, 35 not uploaded in time for competition, 33 competitors, 3 good finalists! 1.3. Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium

22 International Academy of Astronautics Don’t miss the Poster award, room 718B + Poster session and cocktail ! Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium

23 International Academy of Astronautics Nice large room 801B for all the sessions: 120 seats 1.3. Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium

24 International Academy of Astronautics Recall of a few basic rules  No paper, no show:  check that the paper is effectively loaded before the session  No show, no paper:  If the author doesn't present, the paper will be removed from proceedings  Status of the presenters:  Are we sure the authors will show up ?  Do we have their short bios ?  Try to contact them and ask to come 15’ in advance to check that everything is OK, Powerpoint, Videos…  Timing may be critical !  Please, do not overpass the standard 3 hours, except if there is nothing after  Have clear rules explained to speakers in advance  Keep time for Q&A  Publications: no dedicated IAC issue of Acta Astronautica any more  Selection of 2 or 3 best papers, if any !  Chairs and Rapporteurs may be asked to act as Peer Reviewers 1.3. Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium

25 International Academy of Astronautics Report on IAA contribution to IAC The goal is to deliver a global IAA report on results from the IAC, to be released outside through the web, a newsletter, or any other media to be discussed An has been sent to the Symposium Coordinators, asking for their inputs, and recommending to use the following process : -Ask session co-chairs and rapporteurs to write one or two pages on the scientific and technical content of their sessions (only the main findings) and to send it to the Coordinators either during the congress or just after (November 3) -Symposium Coordinators shall gather these inputs, check that there is no problem with them, and add some additional comments on the overall Symposium if any -Send the resulting package to the Academy IAC Technical Coordinator (November 21) -If these contributions are sent in due time, the global IAC Summary report shall be ready for SAC for approval on December 8 This report will be a high added value for the Symposium Coordinators in terms of visibility, for the Academy members and other people visiting our website in terms of awareness of what has been done during the IAC, and for the Academy in terms of recognition of its role in the operations of the IAC 1.3. Toronto 2014 A6 Symposium

26 International Academy of Astronautics A6: Space Debris Symposium Liou – Bonnal The Symposium will address the complete spectrum of technical issues of space debris: measurements, modelling, risk assessment in space and on the ground, reentry, hypervelocity impacts and protection, mitigation and standards, and Space Surveillance. A6.1: Measurements: DiPentino - Schildknecht – Agapov This session will address advanced ground and space-based measurement techniques, relating processing methods, and results of space debris characterization. A6.2: Modelling and Risk Analysis: Pardini – Sorge – Flegel This session will address the characterization of the current and future debris population and methods for in- orbit and on-ground risk assessments. The in-orbit analysis will cover collision risk estimates based on statistical population models and deterministic catalogues, and active avoidance. A6.3: Hypervelocity Impacts and Protection: Fitz-Coy – Schäfer – Francesconi The session will address passive protection, shielding and damage predictions. Shielding aspects will be supported by experimental and computational results of HVI tests. Use of HVI techniques for debris mitigation. A6.4: Mitigation and Standards: Krag – Cazaux – Kato This session will focus on the definition and implementation of debris prevention and reduction measures and vehicle passive protection. The session will also address space debris mitigation guidelines and standards that exist already or are in preparation at the national or international level Space Debris Symposium Jerusalem 2015

27 International Academy of Astronautics A6.5: Space Debris Removal Issues: Prasad – Piergentili – Santoni This session will address active removal techniques “ground and space based”, review potential solutions and identify implementation difficulties. A6.6: Space Debris Removal Concepts: Berend – Kawamoto – Liou This session will address active removal techniques “ground and space based”, review potential solutions and identify implementation difficulties. A6.7: Operations in Space Debris Environment, Situational Awareness: Kelso – Dolado-Perez – Finkleman This session will address the multiple aspects associated to safe operations in Space dealing with Space Debris, including operational observations, orbit determination, catalogue build-up and maintenance, data aggregation from different sources, relevant data exchanges standards and conjunction analyses. A6.8 (joint with Space Security Committee): Political, Legal, Institutional and Economic Aspects of Space Debris Mitigation and Removal Biddington – McKnight – Mathieu This session will deal with the non-technical aspect of space debris mitigation and removal. Political, legal and institutional aspects includes role of IADC and UNCOPUOS and other multilateral bodies. Economic issues including insurance, financial incentives and funding for space debris mitigation and removal. The role of international cooperation in addressing these issues will be considered A6.9: Orbit Determination and Propagation Jah – Klinkrad – Lewis This session will address aspects of space debris orbit determination related to assessment of raw and derived data accuracy, optical measurements processing and modelling and risk analysis of space debris A6.P: Posters, Yasaka – McKnight – Bonnal  Consolidated file to be provided soon to IAF secretariat 1.4. Space Debris Symposium Jerusalem 2015

28 International Academy of Astronautics 1.4. Space Debris Symposium Jerusalem 2015

29 International Academy of Astronautics Proposal for a Plenary Event or a Highlight Lecture We should organize ourselves to be capable of proposing a Plenary Event or a Highlight Lecture in Jerusalem -It requires a good preparation -Thematics, title, organization (Who? Moderator? Round table?...) -Proposal to be made before March meeting  Ideas are due within a couple of monthes Should we try a joint session? -With Satellite users B1, B2, … or Space Transportation D2 relative on end of life operations? -With Small Satellite B4, mainly on very small satellites operations?  May be complex as we need to have 9 good papers, or 6 + a good round-table…  Decided not to during the meeting 1.4. Space Debris Symposium Jerusalem 2015

30 International Academy of Astronautics 32 nd IADC in Beijing - 12 to 14 May delegates from 11 agencies (Ukraine was absent, but South Korea was there for the 1st time) - Numerous new Action Items and Internal Actions - SG meeting on Wednesday Oct. 1 st - Final Reports on the “public” space of the IADC web site 40 th COSPAR in Moscow - See dedicated presentation in Appendix 1 IISL-ECSL Space Law Symposium See following pages ESA e.Deorbit Symposium 5 May See following pages 3 rd European Workshop on space debris modeling and remediation - See dedicated presentation in Appendix Past events

31 International Academy of Astronautics 2.1. Past events IISL-ECSL Space Law Symposium 2014

32 International Academy of Astronautics 2.1. Past events IISL-ECSL Space Law Symposium 2014 Presentations on:

33 International Academy of Astronautics 2.1. Past events ESA e.Deorbit Symposium 5 May 2014 Presentations: please contact ESA-Cleanspace

34 International Academy of Astronautics SG 5.10 Orbital Debris Removal: Policy, Legal, Political and Economic considerations Dedicated meeting on Sunday 28 th See Appendix Ongoing

35 International Academy of Astronautics IAA Academy Day presentation - Presentation Sunday 28 September by Darren McKnight Hall G 16:45 to 17:15 - Open to all, don’t miss it 2.2. Ongoing

36 International Academy of Astronautics 7 th IAASS -See following pages 6 th EUCASS in Krakow -See following pages International Conjunction Assessment Workshop -CNES-HQ, Paris, May 19-20, See description in Appendix 5 Laser Debris Remediation (Polytechnique - under definition) -Tentatively December 2014 – February 2015 GOCE workshop november (UNESCO Paris) -Elements of reentry predictions (altitudes below 100 km) -If interested, please contact Holger Krag. -Details on GOCE workshop: On the agenda

37 International Academy of Astronautics 2.3. On the agenda

38 International Academy of Astronautics 2.3. On the agenda

39 International Academy of Astronautics 2.3. On the agenda

40 International Academy of Astronautics 2.3. On the agenda Sessions chaired by Luciano Anselmo

41 International Academy of Astronautics Astrodynamics Innovation Committee -See Appendix 6 COPUOS: Long Term Sustainability of Outer Space Activities (LTSSA) -See Appendix New achievements

42 International Academy of Astronautics ISO standards status -Following ISO TC20/SC14 Orbital Debris Working Group (WG7) meeting in Tokyo, May 26-30, New achievements

43 International Academy of Astronautics 2.4. New achievements

44 International Academy of Astronautics 2.5. Round table – Open discussion Orbital lifetime evaluation for GTO objects -The complexity of such computations, requiring a statistical approach, is recalled and debated during the meeting. -As a reference, the paper in Appendix 8 describes the proposed methodology

45 International Academy of Astronautics 3. IAA SG 5.14 Situation Report Goal Reference status of the Space Debris problematic, acting as an update of the IAA Position Papers 1993 and Revision from 2001, taking into account the IAA Position Papers on Space Debris Mitigation (SG5.1) and on Space Debris Remediation (SG5.5). Available elements from on-going SG5.10 devoted to Policy, Legal and Economic Issues in Orbital Debris Removal will also be included. Structure 1. Introduction, recall of scope and past studies: Christophe Bonnal – Darren McKnight4 pages 2. Present status: Heiner Klinkrad10 pages 3. Measurements: Thomas Schildknecht & Vladimir Agapov10 pages 4. Space surveillance & collision: Christian Cazaux, Dave Finkelman, Fernand Alby 10 pages 5. Reentering space objects: Holger Krag? & Marlon Sorge? 10 pages 6. Future environment: Paula Krisko10 pages 7. Debris mitigation: Manuel Metz, J-C. Liou & MYS Prasad10 pages 8. Remediation: Darren McKnight & Seishiro Kibe10 pages 9. Protection: Franck Schäfer10 pages 10. Legal: Tanja Masson-Zwaan10 pages 11. References & Standards: Christophe Bonnal6 pages 12. International aspects: Charlotte Mathieu & MYS Prasad6 pages Status prior to today: to be revised First Draft in Toronto reviewed within the September meeting of the IAA Space Debris Committee Final draft expected in March 2015 Delivery to IAA for Peer Reviewing and final process Effective publication expected before IAC 2015 Today: 63 pages, 9 para out of 12 Dedicated meeting: Tuesday 12:30 room 801B


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