Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

11 th & 12 th February 2014 Presenter: Joe Duffy, Senior Educational Psychologist/ Professional & Academic Tutor, QUB.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "11 th & 12 th February 2014 Presenter: Joe Duffy, Senior Educational Psychologist/ Professional & Academic Tutor, QUB."— Presentation transcript:

1 11 th & 12 th February 2014 Presenter: Joe Duffy, Senior Educational Psychologist/ Professional & Academic Tutor, QUB

2 Outline of presentation  SEBD as a SEN  Assessment framework Types of support  Managing challenging situations

3 SEBD: A special educational need “EBD is perhaps the only category of SEN that exposes a child to increased risk of exclusion as a function of the very SEN identified as requiring special provision in the first instance” (Jull, 2008)

4 Social, Emotional & Behavioural Difficulties SEBD  SEBD; BESD; EBD???  Social, mental & emotional health (SMEH) – Children & Families Bill (2013)  An administrative SEN category (within the context of the Code of Practice, 1996)  “…. an imprecise umbrella term, always difficult to define, although it is quite clear that many children and young people to whom the term is applied have complex and chronic difficulties, which place them at risk of school and wider social exclusion” ( Source: Appendix 1 from 2006 SEBDA Business Plan )

5 SEBD can therefore be manifested as:  Externalising difficulties – “acting out” behaviours e.g. aggression, disruption, non-compliance  Internalising difficulties – withdrawn behaviour, anxiety, phobias, depression  Medical disorders e.g. conduct disorder, oppositional defiance disorder  Mental Health Problems e.g. affective (mood) disorders, eating disorders, post-traumatic syndromes, self-harm & suicide  Comorbidity - e.g. in association with learning difficulties

6 Understanding SEBD

7 The biopsychosocial perspective “The more we understand about the nature of the child’s difficulties the better placed we are to provide effective support” (Cooper, 2005, p.105) “We must find ways of incorporating biological insights with social & environmental understandings of SEBD” (Cooper, 2005, p.105) “

8 The 5Ps approach to understanding SEBD PredisposingPrecipitatingPerpetuatingPresentingProtective Problem Situation Problem Situation Triggers, setting events Maintaining Factors Risk Factors Resilience Behaviours

9 9 Understanding SEBD: A systemic, interactionalist framework Cultural Neighbourhood Family Other pupils School staff School Child SEBD

10 Assessment

11 The SEN Code of Practice: A graduated response to SEBD Stage 3-5 Stage 2 Stage 1 Focus on prevention & early intervention  school/classroom-wide systems for all pupils  differentiation Focus on small-group & individual need  systems for pupils with at-risk behaviour  more specialised, additional within-school support Personalised intervention  systems for pupils with high-risk behaviour  more specialised support e.g. “additional to & different from….”  external agency involved

12 The role of Educational Psychology within the Code of Practice  For school-aged children the educational psychologist (EP) typically becomes involved at Stage 3 of the CoP, following a referral from a school.  Once it has been agreed that an EP will assess a child, he/she will be seen in school. On completion of the assessment a report will be written.  Many of the Stage 3 support services have to be accessed through the recommendation of an EP.

13 SEBD: Individual EP assessments Observations Informant based/self- report measures InterviewsConsultationsFollow-up report Psychometric Assessment

14 Types of Support

15 Support available for children & young people with SEBD  Behaviour Support Team  Behaviour outreach support  Counselling  Additional Adult assistance (Statemented pupils)  Out of school support e.g. short-term placement in a unit/special school, hospital schools  Alternative Education Provision  Other e.g. voluntary organisations, Health & Social Care Trusts, CYPSP

16 Managing SEBD in challenging situations

17 Challenging behaviours! A “challenging” behaviour can be one which is perceived as a management difficulty for a staff member e.g. “High frequency, low intensity behaviours” (e.g. after Elton, 1989)

18 Managing challenging situations Being prepared – effective policies, planningplanning Understanding child & adolescent development Awareness of theories on anger & aggressionanger & aggression Staff training - self-awareness & reflection Staff training Knowing how to access appropriate ELB & other support services e.g. re. Critical Incidents The four “C”s – an integrated (“team”) approach to meeting the needs of pupils with SEBD The four “C”s

19 Planning One of the best predictors of future behaviour is past behaviour

20 The Typical Arousal Cycle (After Breakwell, 1997) Stages Trigger Escalation Crisis Recovery Post-crisis Depression ANXIETY LEVELANXIETY LEVEL TIME 90 Minutes Repeated crises

21 21 The Control Trilogy Phase 1: Calming Phase 2: Reaching Phase 3: Controlling

22 The Four “C”s  Communication  Contribution  Commitment  Collaboration

23 Thank you

Download ppt "11 th & 12 th February 2014 Presenter: Joe Duffy, Senior Educational Psychologist/ Professional & Academic Tutor, QUB."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google