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Yoga Health Psychology Daniel Bradford Amber Goodwin Charity Lindsey Jessica Motte.

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Presentation on theme: "Yoga Health Psychology Daniel Bradford Amber Goodwin Charity Lindsey Jessica Motte."— Presentation transcript:

1 Yoga Health Psychology Daniel Bradford Amber Goodwin Charity Lindsey Jessica Motte

2 What is Yoga?...“the bonding of mind, body, & soul.” Everything You Need to Know About Yoga: An Introduction for Teens by Stephanie Weiss. New York Rosen Publishing Group, 1999.

3 4 Main Types of Yoga 1. Bhaki Yoga - path of devotion  Chanting 2. Karma Yoga - path of selflessness  action, ____________, & service 3. Jhana Yoga - path of transcendental knowledge  scholarship Everything You Need to Know About Yoga: An Introduction for Teens by Stephanie Weiss. New York Rosen Publishing Group, 1999.

4 4. Ashtanga Yoga - path of Patanjali  8 Steps Self Control Character / Self Purification Body Postures ____________ Merging of the senses Concentration Meditation Absorption Everything You Need to Know About Yoga: An Introduction for Teens by Stephanie Weiss. New York Rosen Publishing Group, 1999.

5 5 Restraints Nonviolence  includes ____________ and environmentalism Truthfulness Non-stealing Abstinence Non-possessiveness Everything You Need to Know About Yoga: An Introduction for Teens by Stephanie Weiss. New York Rosen Publishing Group, 1999.

6 Yoga Vocab Meditation - “focusing intently on one sound, idea, image, or goal” Unity - being one with the self, others, and world ____________ - “sound, word, or phrase that is repeated during meditation”

7 Benefits Improvements in patients with:  ____________  Carpal Tunnel Syndrome  Asthma  Epilepsy  Psychological Disorders

8 Arthritis Rheumatoid & Osteoarthritis of hands  Increased handgrip strength  Increased ____________  Decreased pain Dash, M., & Telles, S. (2001). Improvement in handgrip strength in rheumatoid arthritis patients following yoga training. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 45(3), Garfinkel, M., Shumacher H., Hussain A., and Levy, M. (1994). Evaluation of a yoga based regimen for treatment of osteoarthritis of the hands. Journal of Rheumatology, 21(12),

9 Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Increased handgrip Pain reduction Garfinkle, M., Singhal A., Katz W., and Allan, D. (1998). Yoga-based intervention for carpal tunnel syndrome: A randomized trial. Journal of the American Medical Association, 280(18),

10 Asthma Increased breathing Increased ____________ Iyengar, B., Manocha R., Marks G., and Peters, D. (2002). Sahaja yoga in the management of moderate to severe asthma: A randomized controlled trial. Thorax Journal, 57(2),

11 Epilepsy ____________ in frequency and duration of attacks when yoga used with prescription medication Ramaratnam S, Sridharan K. Yoga for epilepsy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2000, (3): CD PMID: [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].

12 Psychological Disorders & Mood Change Decreased anxiety Decreased depression  Defense Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences of India Better control over emotional ____________  State Research Institute of Physiology, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences Lavey, R., & Sherman, T. (2005). The effects of yoga on mood in psychiatric patients. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 28(4), Ray, U., Mukhopadhyaya S., Tomer, O., & Thakur, L. (2001). Effect of yogic exercises on physical and mental health. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 45(1),

13 Psychological Disorders, cont. Improvements in  Tension-anxiety  Depression  ____________  Fatigue-inertia  Confusion Lavey, R., & Sherman, T. (2005). The effects of yoga on mood in psychiatric patients. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 28(4),

14 Empirical Research in Yoga

15 Research Questions What do we want to know about yoga? Does it really help?  we need empirical evidence  controlled studies Watts, F. (2000). Psychological research questions about yoga. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 3(1),

16 Questions, cont. In what ways can we prove it helps?  statistical proof  hard evidence  not only ____________ Watts, F. (2000). Psychological research questions about yoga. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 3(1),

17 Questions, cont. How does it help?  what is the mechanism  is it something measurable? How do we find this out??? Watts, F. (2000). Psychological research questions about yoga. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 3(1),

18 Watts’ take Two questions  process questions  outcome questions Watts, F. (2000). Psychological research questions about yoga. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 3(1),

19 Outcome Questions  naturalistic advantages= accomplishment, authentic pursuit, early studies. disadvantages= what is actually special, comparison.  experimental advantages= comparison, control, statistics disadvantages= only part of yoga, Our Continuing problem… Watts, F. (2000). Psychological research questions about yoga. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 3(1),

20 Process questions  _______________  mind effect on body  breathing  stability and control  awareness What did Jung have to say about it? Watts, F. (2000). Psychological research questions about yoga. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 3(1),

21 Lavey, R. et al. (2005). The effects of yoga on mood in psychiatric inpatients. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 28(4),

22 What are some alternative explanations for this?  ________________________  general relaxation  changes in mood from first to last class  sample six Lavey, R. et al. (2005). The effects of yoga on mood in psychiatric inpatients. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 28(4),

23 Class Activity Breathing Exercise led by:  Gautam Jeppu Civil Engineering Grad Student Trained in numerous forms of yoga including: Ashtanga Yoga, Dharmastala Yoga, & Iyengar Yoga


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