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1 Research Skills Research Skills Carole Dean © Central Institute of Technology 2010.

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1 1 Research Skills Research Skills Carole Dean © Central Institute of Technology 2010

2 2 Learning Outcomes… To become familiar with the steps in the research process To be aware of the sources of information available for research purposes To be able to locate relevant information To be able to search effectively using electronic resources To be aware of the importance of evaluating information found © Central Institute of Technology 2010

3 3 1 Understand the question or topic Research Strategy Cycle 2 Identify main concepts/ keywords 6 Present the assignment 4 Organise the information 5 Reference the assignment 3 Locate and evaluate information © Central Institute of Technology 2010 The Search Strategy Cycle

4 4 Translate the topic into keywords “Explain how diet might impact on an athlete’s performance” nutrition eating habits influence effect Sports person competitor results achievements © Central Institute of Technology 2010

5 5 Describe the types of health hazards found in workplaces and, Describe the types of health hazards found in workplaces Concept 1Concept 2Concept 3 healthhazardsworkplaces or safetyrisksindustry or well-beingdangerslaboratories © Central Institute of Technology 2010

6 6 Sources of Information u Textbooks, Learning Guides, Handouts… u Library / Library Online u Online Databases u World Wide Web u Other Sources – organizations, interviews, pamphlets Where else could you get information from? – Learning Guides; Organisations (pamphlets/brochures); Interviews etc © Central Institute of Technology 2010

7 7 Using the Library… u Reference collection Dictionaries, thesaurus, encyclopaedias u General collection Books – journals – DVD/videos – CD’s u Newspapers For up-to-date information, opinions and public perceptions u Database / Internet access © Central Institute of Technology 2010

8 8 What are Databases Online? Electronic collections of information - journals, newspapers, trade publications – usually arranged by subject or type, which are available through a computer: ….. can be subject specific i.e. PubMed, or general i.e. EBSCOhost ….. are a quick method of searching journal collections. © Central Institute of Technology 2010

9 9 Are they the same as the Web? WEBSITES u More information to search u Hard to search for specific items u Information may be out of date u Information may be unreliable ONLINE DATABASES u Limited amount of information to search u Specific search limit u Current information u Reliable information u Prepared by subject specialist or editor u Usually require a subscription © Central Institute of Technology 2010

10 10 Library Online Assignment Help Internet Searching Find Resources By Topic Online Databases Online Catalogue Online Information Literacy

11 11 Searching the Web Uniform Resource Locator (URL) The “address” of the document on the web Every document on the World Wide Web must have one. They look like: (look out for a ~ or % before a personal name) © Central Institute of Technology 2010

12 12 Icebergs…. Copied under Part VB from: Iceberg, 2010 [image], Retrieved: July 21, 2010 from LSU, 2010, Search engines, Retrieved: March 5 from (Iceberg 2010) No two search engines retrieve the same results Each one searches a different part of the Web Each is updated at different times Each search engine uses different criteria to organise search results (LSU 2010) Alltheweb yahoo bing ask DEEPWEBDEEPWEB © Central Institute of Technology 2010

13 13 Search Tools Search Engines Meta Indexes Internet Directories Search Engine Information: u u u © Central Institute of Technology 2010 Search engine collections A collection of individual and general search engines plus Reference resources.

14 14 EnginesDirectories Engines Directories General u u u u Specific u (searches over 370 m science-specific Web pages) u And, – a website which provides access to articles previously published in over 3,000 magazines, journals, and other sources General u u u u Scholarly internet resource collections! Specific u (social science) u dex.html (medical pics) © Central Institute of Technology 2010

15 15 Search tips… Boolean commands - and, or, not, AND - Only those documents that includes the 2 words hazards AND work OR – Gives documents that include both terms diet OR nutrition OR “eating habits” NOT – Will exclude a search term. “heart attack” -angina / jaguar -car © Central Institute of Technology 2010

16 16 Search Tips…. u Quotation marks “……… …..” u + in front of a word ensure that word is included Star Wars +1 u Synonym searching ~ in front of a word finds synonyms ~inexpensive = cheap, affordable, low cost ~run = runners, running, marathon © Central Institute of Technology 2010

17 17 Search Tips cont… Field Searching Title intitle: e.g. intitle:asthma Domain inurl: e.g. inurl:.edu.au Together intitle:asthma inurl:.gov.au Web Search Tips in Plain English and, - cheat sheet © Central Institute of Technology 2010

18 18 Other useful search tips… Use the advanced search button define: before a term to provide a definition Safesearch: to avoid inappropriate sites Copyright friendly images: Google Images – Advanced Search and Use what’s already found: Uni Subject Guides; health e resources; health resources; Wikipedia references… I’m Feeling Lucky (libraries and the enhancement of e-learning; rac) © Central Institute of Technology 2010

19 19 Time to practice…. Central’s Library catalogue: u Find all my words – obesity u Mt Lawley only u Find… Seven deadly sins of obesity u Look in the Full Record u Write down 2 of the deadly sins… Proquest Database: u Keywords - children obesity advertising u  full text documents….search u Find – Television food advertising to children: a global perspective u What is the Journal title and Date? u Read the Search Tips to improve your searching

20 20 What if the resources I need are not in the Library? You can also borrow from: All other Training WA Libraries Edith Cowan, Murdoch and Notre Dame University Libraries Become a Community Member and/or do further research at: State Reference and Public Libraries Other University Libraries (Curtin $70.40 and UWA $82.50 for 6 months; inc. database access) Workplaces And use University library subject / help pages… © Central Institute of Technology 2010

21 21 Evaluating © Central Institute of Technology 2010

22 22 Examining, selecting and rejecting resources Ask yourself these questions… Is the information correct? Is the information relevant? Is the information reliable / valid? Author? Is the information up to date? Is the information free from bias? Persuasion? Is it what I need? CAPOW = Currency, Authority, Purpose, Objectivity, Writing Style (Researching Online 5 easy steps) CRAP = Currency, Reliability, Authority, Point-of-View © Central Institute of Technology 2010

23 23 Need further assistance? Ask a librarian Refer to “Library Services for Students” Check the Library website at the Library on © Central Institute of Technology 2010

24 24 Copyright Notice COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA Copyright Regulations 1969 WARNING This material has been copied and communicated to you by or on behalf of Central Institute of Technology pursuant to Part VB of the Copyright Act 1968 (the Act). The material in this communication may be subject to copyright under the Act. Any further copying or communication of this material by you may be the subject of copyright protection under the Act. DO NOT REMOVE THIS NOTICE © Central Institute of Technology 2010


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