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Access to Publicly Funded Research Forum October 20, 2006 Norka Ruiz Bravo, PhD The Public Access Policy.

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Presentation on theme: "Access to Publicly Funded Research Forum October 20, 2006 Norka Ruiz Bravo, PhD The Public Access Policy."— Presentation transcript:

1 Access to Publicly Funded Research Forum October 20, 2006 Norka Ruiz Bravo, PhD The Public Access Policy

2 1 October 20, 2006 Today’s Conversation  The Public Access Policy (May 2, 2005)  Our Goals  Benefits of the Policy to Scientists and Science  Policy in Implementation  How it works  How it is working  How Librarians Can Help

3 2 October 20, 2006 The Public Access Policy Beginning May 2, 2005, NIH-funded investigators are requested to submit an electronic version of the author's final manuscript upon acceptance for publication, resulting from research supported, in whole or in part, with direct costs 1 from NIH. The author's final manuscript is defined as the final version accepted for journal publication, and includes all modifications from the publishing peer review process. This Policy applies to all research grant and career development award mechanisms, cooperative agreements, contracts, Institutional and Individual Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Awards, as well as NIH intramural research studies. The Policy applies to peer-reviewed research publications, resulting from research supported in whole or in part with direct costs from NIH, but it does not apply to book chapters, editorials, reviews, or conference proceedings. Under this Policy, electronic submission will be made directly to the NIH National Library of Medicine's (NLM) PubMed Central (PMC): PMC is the NIH digital repository of full-text, peer- reviewed biomedical, behavioral, and clinical research journals. It is a publicly-accessible, stable, permanent, and searchable electronic archive. At the time of submission, the author will specify the timing of the posting of his or her final manuscript for public accessibility through PMC. Posting for public accessibility through PMC is requested and strongly encouraged as soon as possible (and within twelve months of the publisher's official date of final publication). The publisher may choose to furnish PMC with the publisher's final version, which will supersede the author's final version. Also, if the publisher agrees, public access to the publisher's final version in PMC can occur sooner than the timing originally specified by the author for the author's final version. 1 Costs that can be specifically identified with a particular project or activity. NIH Grants Policy Statement, Rev. 12/2003;

4 3 October 20, 2006 The Public Access Policy: Goals  ARCHIVE. Keep a central archive of NIH-funded research publications—for now and in the future, preserving vital medical research results and information for years to come.  ADVANCE SCIENCE. Create an information resource that will make it easier for scientists to mine medical research publications, and for NIH to manage better its entire research investment.  ACCESS. Provide electronic access to NIH-funded research publications for patients, families, health professionals, scientists, teachers, and students.

5 4 October 20, 2006 Benefits of an Integrated Archive Use the ID of the marker of highest linkage to get a quick look at the genomic region in MapViewer Use this link to see more recent papers in PMC that cite this one.

6 5 October 20, 2006 Benefits of an Integrated Archive 3-D View of Chemical and Protein 4 RWJ-270201 bound to neuraminidase Chemical Structures in Article 2 FIG. 1. Structures of compounds under investigation ZanamivirOseltamivir carboxylate RWJ- 270201 Compound in PubChem 3 RWJ-270201 PubMed Search Results 1

7 6 October 20, 2006 Greater Usage of PMC and Content Odds of Citation for OA articles: 2x in first 4 to 10 months; almost 3x in 10 to 16 months [Eysenbach G (2006) Citation advantage of open access articles. PLoS Biol 4(5)]

8 7 October 20, 2006 Opportunities to Expand PMC and Enhance Science Foreign Funders are Adopting Public Access Style Policies Welcome Trust  Six month PA policy, as of 10/1/06  Deposition into PMC UK  Special funding for publisher submission UK MRC  Six month PA policy, as of 10/1/06  Deposition into PMC UK  “Author pays” charges associated with publishing may be included in applications for MRC funding How Can NIH funded scientists benefit from these events?

9 8 October 20, 2006 Opportunities to Expand PMC and Enhance Science The NIH Response: PubMed Central International A network of digital archives that can share deposited content (PMC, PMC UK,…) Expanded Content for US Scientists  More articles: PA like policies mandate deposit to local archives  Shared content through reciprocity  Richer Databases: foreign content integrated into NLM databases (e.g. GenBank, PubChem) Enhanced Archiving- working copies of the archive in regular use at multiple sites around the world.

10 9 October 20, 2006 How it Works: Peer Review and Public Access

11 10 October 20, 2006 Deposition Rates: Multiple Methods to Deposit Author Deposit (through NIHMS): 4%-6% of target PMC Deposition: 10-12% of target Elsevier Bulk Deposit: Currently 40 articles per month; pledged 14% of target (actual capture is unclear) Non-Profit Coalition PMC - (NIH Portfolio): Currently 0; potential for 1-3% of target

12 11 October 20, 2006 NLM Board of Regents Meeting, 2/8/06 The Board has concluded that the “NIH Policy cannot achieve its stated goals unless deposit of manuscripts becomes mandatory” “The Board encourages NIH and NLM to develop a careful plan for transitioning to a mandatory policy” that:  provides clear guidance and a reasonable timetable  minimizes burden on NIH-funded researchers and grantee institutions  makes it easy for publishers to submit articles on behalf of their NIH- supported authors The Board “favors” an embargo of 6 months, with some flexibility for journals published less frequently than bimonthly

13 12 October 20, 2006 Current Public Access Bills  CURES Bill (S. 2104 Lieberman and Cochran) Introduced Dec 2005  Applies to all DHHS grantees  provide NLM’s PubMed Central an electronic copy of the final version of all peer- reviewed manuscripts accepted for publication, within 6 months of publication.  Failure to comply results in loss of funding.  Federal Research Public Access Act (S.2695 Cornyn and Lieberman) Introduced May 2006  Applies to all Federal agencies with extramural research expenditures of over $100 million  Requires submission of an electronic version of the author’s final manuscript of original peer-reviewed research papers accepted for publication in journals  Free online public access not later than 6 months after publication  House Appropriations Bill (Section 220 of H.R. 5647)  Require all investigators funded by the NIH submit to PubMed Central as soon as practicable but no later than 12 months after the official date of publication.

14 13 October 20, 2006 A New Model Agreement: PMC (NIH Portfolio)  PMC (NIH Portfolio) is a signed agreement between NLM and a journal to submit tagged, copyedited, NIH funded manuscripts.  Features  Requires no author input  Results in 100% capture of NIH funded articles.  12 month maximum delay period  Participating journals receive standard PMC usage statistics.  Participants identified on the Public Access webpage

15 14 October 20, 2006 Progress on Negotiations With Publishers No Author Action Required Authors approve article tagging Authors submit and approve articles directly Active Participants PMC journalsPMC journals (not part of Principles Group), PMC (NIH Portfolio) PMC (NIH Portfolio) journals (so far only ASH’s Blood has signed) Elsevier JournalsMost journals Journal Contribution Journal submits tagged content to NIH Journal submits author manuscript or copy- edited PDFs to NIH None MethodAutomated DepositionBulk Manuscript UploadIndividual Manuscript Upload Impact on Deposition Full Deposition expectedContinued author involvement means significantly lower deposition

16 15 October 20, 2006 How Librarians Can Help  Help with Deposition  Librarians can help authors deposit material  Develop strategies to encourage greater participation  Help with Copyright Transfer Agreements  Advise authors on the copyright transfer process  Help institutions develop guidance on copy right transfer amendments to ensure authors retain their right to submit to Public Access

17 16 October 20, 2006 Thank you for your attention Questions?

18 17 October 20, 2006 Appendixes  Board of Regents’ Public Access Working Group Roster  Additional Resources

19 18 October 20, 2006 NLM BOR Working Group  Thomas Detre, M.D., Working Group Chair, Member of NLM Board of Regents Distinguished Service Professor of Health Sciences University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania  Deanna Marcum, Ph.D., Member of NLM Board of Regents Associate Librarian for Library Services Library of Congress Washington, D.C.  Susan Buchanan, Ph.D. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Structural Biology and Cell Signaling Section Bethesda, Maryland  Jeffrey M. Drazen, M.D. Editor-in-Chief New England Journal of Medicine Boston, Massachusetts  Harvey V. Fineberg, M.D., Ph.D. President Institute of Medicine Washington, D.C.  Mark Scott Kamlet, Ph.D. Provost Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania  T. J. Koerner, Ph.D. Director of Research Information Management American Cancer Society, Inc. Atlanta, Georgia  Brian Nairn Chief Executive Officer Elsevier, Health Sciences Division Philadelphia, Pennsylvania  Mark E. Sobel, M.D., Ph.D. Executive Director American Society for Investigative Pathology Bethesda, Maryland Michael Stern President & CEO Fisher Center for Alzheimer's Research Foundation New York, New York Sharon F. Terry President and CEO Genetic Alliance Washington, D.C. Patricia L. Thibodeau, MLS Duke University Medical Center Library Durham, North Carolina Annette Thomas, Ph.D. Nature Publishing Group Macmillan Publishers Ltd. The Macmillan Building United Kingdom Donald E. Tykeson Founding Director/President Tykeson Associates Eugene, OR Gary E. Ward, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics The University of Vermont Burlington, Vermont Ann Wolpert, MLS Director of Libraries, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, Massachusetts Samuel Kaplan, Ph.D. (Chair, PubMed Central National Advisory Committee, NLM) Professor and Chair Microbiology & Molecular Genetics University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Medical School Houston,

20 19 October 20, 2006 Additional Resources The Policy Authors’ ManualAuthors’ Manual (HTML and Adobe Acrobat) Public Access Policy in the NIH GuidePublic Access Policy in the NIH Guide Statistics:Statistics: Journals submitting on behalf of authors:Journals submitting on behalf of authors: Questions and AnswersQuestions and Answers Manuscript Submission   Training  Training: PubMed Central  NLM Board of Regents 

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