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Finding References for Research Topics in Exercise Physiology, Exercise Science, and Kinesiology KINE 5300 Research Methods Dr. Joel T. Cramer CSCS,*D;

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Presentation on theme: "Finding References for Research Topics in Exercise Physiology, Exercise Science, and Kinesiology KINE 5300 Research Methods Dr. Joel T. Cramer CSCS,*D;"— Presentation transcript:

1 Finding References for Research Topics in Exercise Physiology, Exercise Science, and Kinesiology KINE 5300 Research Methods Dr. Joel T. Cramer CSCS,*D; NSCA-CPT,*D; ACSM H/FI Assistant Professor Department of Kinesiology

2 References Academic Resources –Primary –Secondary Non-academic Resources

3 Primary Academic References Original research studies conducted by authors –Published in scholarly journals –Require IRB approval –Refereed or Peer reviewed –Specific hypotheses tested and discussed –Focused

4 Secondary Academic References Benefits: –Can be published in the form of journal articles or books –Peer reviewed –May provide an idea or starting point for: Identifying topics Structure Key words Drawbacks: –No IRB approval –Older information Not as current as primary sources Summaries and syntheses of the literature

5 Non-academic References Benefits: –General idea or starting point Identifying topics Key words Drawbacks: –1 st Amendment Can be published anywhere; can say anything –No IRB approval –Not peer reviewed –Based upon speculation and opinion Anything that is published outside of the primary and secondary academic resources, including: newspapers, magazines, and the world-wide web

6 Locating References Accessing appropriate databases Searching databases –Same as searching the web! Narrowing your searches Viewing copies of specific articles

7 Databases List of databases and indexes available through the UTA Libraries Online system –Right side links – “Education & Kinesiology” –Under “Library Databases”, click “Kinesiology” NESIOLOGY NESIOLOGY –Scroll down to see all databases Two primary databases for topics in Exercise, Health, and Disease: –MEDLINE –SPORT Discus

8 MEDLINE ® Medical Literature, Analysis, and Retrieval System Online –U.S. National Library of Medicine's (NLM) primary bibliographic database –Can be searched online or through library-based search engines: PubMed ® PubMed ® NLM Gateway NLM Gateway UTA Libraries Online: via FirstSearch –Medical Subject Headings (MeSH ® ) NLM’s indexing vocabulary –1966 to present; updated daily; 460,000 added annually –Index Medicus journals only

9 MEDLINE ® Access PubMed ® – –http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgihttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi Easy online access Great for quick searches Access to other databases (3D structures, etc.) Search on campus with (OCLC) FirstSearch –FirstSearch Basic FirstSearch BasicFirstSearch Basic –FirstSearch Advanced FirstSearch AdvancedFirstSearch Advanced –FirstSearch Expert FirstSearch ExpertFirstSearch Expert More sophisticated search-and-retrieve capabilities Slightly different vocabulary search definitions Library interface

10 FirstSearch Tips About 44 different types of searches –Examples of commonly used searches: Key Words (kw:) Abstract (ab:) Authors (au:) Title (ti:) Specify articles that can be found in the UTA Library System FirstSearch Expert FirstSearch Expert

11 FirstSearch Tips Plurals: –“+” = -s or -es [kw:disease+] = disease and diseases [ti:hypothesis OR hypotheses] Truncation: –Minimum of first three letters followed by an asterisk “*” [ti:hypothes*] = hypothesis, hypotheses, hypothesized Wildcards: –Minimum of first three letters followed by “#” or “?” # = a single letter ? = a number of letters in a single term FirstSearch Expert FirstSearch Expert

12 FirstSearch Tips Boolean Searching –Combining search terms AND, OR, and NOT –[kw:pediatric AND kw:disease] –[ab:cardiovascular AND ab:heart AND ab:disease] Nesting –[kw:(pediatric OR geriatric) AND kw:disease] Proximity Searching –Combining adjacent search terms within a specified proximity “W” = with “N” = near –[au:cramer W jt] –[ti:cardiovascular N disease] FirstSearch Expert FirstSearch Expert

13 SPORT Discus SPORT Discus Offered by SilverPlatter Information –A unique resource for both practical and research literature on sport, physical fitness and physical education topics –Can be searched for free through the library: ESIOLOGYhttp://library.uta.edu/Main/subjNarrow.uta?DBID=KIN ESIOLOGY (scroll to find SPORTdiscus) SPIRS (SilverPlatter Information Retrieval System) Not limited to Index Medicus journals, but not as updated or extensive as MEDLINE

14 Database Searches Types of Searches –Key words Titles, abstracts, subjects, phrases, etc. –Authors Last names, first initials –Identification numbers ISSN (International Standard Serial Number) ISBN (International Standard Book Numbering) Medline number Accession number –Year / date of publication

15 Identifying Key Words Write out an example title or research question for your project. –Select the “key words” from the title that capture the essence of the project. –The goal is to focus your search, so try to focus your topic. Example 1Example 1: “Cancer and exercise” Example 1: “Cancer and exercise” [kw:cancer and exercise] Example 1 Example 2Example 2: “Can exercise positively influence cancer treatment?” Example 2: “Can exercise positively influence cancer treatment?” [kw:(cancer w treatment) and kw:exercise] Example 2 Example 3Example 3: “The effects of exercise during the treatment and recovery from non-hodgkins lymphoma” Example 3: “The effects of exercise during the treatment and recovery from non-hodgkins lymphoma” [kw:(non-hodgkins w lymphoma) and kw:exercise] Example 3 Secondary academic references…

16 Other Examples Combining authors and keywords –Example 1: “White” –Example 1: “White” [au:white]Example 1Example 1 –Example 2: “White AT?” –Example 2: “White AT?” [au:white w at]Example 2Example 2 –Example 3: “White AT and multiple sclerosis” –Example 3: “White AT and multiple sclerosis” [au:(white w at) and kw:(multiple w sclerosis)]Example 3Example 3 Other areas of interest –Example 1: “EMG or MMG” –Example 1: “EMG or MMG” [kw:EMG or kw:MMG]Example 1Example 1 –Example 2: “EMG and MMG?” –Example 2: “EMG and MMG?” [kw:EMG and kw:MMG]Example 2Example 2 –Example 3: “EMG, MMG, and disease” –Example 3: “EMG, MMG, and disease” [kw:EMG and kw:MMG and kw:disease]Example 3Example 3 –Example 4: “EMG, MMG, and pediatric disease” –Example 4: “EMG, MMG, and pediatric disease” [kw:(sound or acoustic or MMG or mechanomyography) and kw:EMG and kw:(pediatric and disease)]Example 4Example 4

17 Other Examples Who are the leaders in the field? –Example 1: “White AT?” –Example 1: “White AT?” [au:white w at]Example 1Example 1 Ask about names to search Authors of textbooks/book chapters Referenced in other secondary academic references –Example 2: “Enoka RM” –Example 2: “Enoka RM” [au:enoka w rm]Example 2Example 2 –Example 3: “De Luca CJ” –Example 3: “De Luca CJ” [au:de luca w cj]Example 3Example 3 –Example 4: “Orizio C” –Example 4: “Orizio C” [au:orizio w c]Example 4Example 4 –Example 5: “Housh TJ” –Example 5: “Housh TJ” [au:housh w tj]Example 5Example 5

18 Getting a Full-text Copy Accessing full-text articles on-line –Must be on campus for some full-text articles (or proxy access) –UTA has subscription with ScienceDirect® –“Google” the name of the journal – check archives Does the library have it? –FirstSearch function –UTA Libraries Online Catalog Interlibrary Loan Services –https://illiad.uta.edu/illiad/ https://illiad.uta.edu/illiad/ Must register online first!

19 Review of Topics Covered Types of References Available Locating References –Databases –Searching Examples –Getting a copy


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