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Specialized Databases Revised by Micah Walsleben MLS Original by: Dawn Kruse Field, MSIS Milagros De Jesus Rivera, MLS June 1, 2014.

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Presentation on theme: "Specialized Databases Revised by Micah Walsleben MLS Original by: Dawn Kruse Field, MSIS Milagros De Jesus Rivera, MLS June 1, 2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 Specialized Databases Revised by Micah Walsleben MLS Original by: Dawn Kruse Field, MSIS Milagros De Jesus Rivera, MLS June 1, 2014

2 Goal The goal of this module is to increase students’ knowledge of five specialized databases offered through TTUHSC Libraries. 5/6/2015 2

3 Objectives The student will:  identify which databases are most useful for their specialty or information needs.  learn about the subjects covered by the databases.  understand database features. 5/6/2015 3

4 Introduction Why use databases?  Authoritative  Access to full–text articles  Structured and organized  Geared to specific medical specialties at TTUHSC 5/6/2015 4

5 Specialized Databases - Definition Specialized database: a collection of focused information (data) on a specific field of study, or, subjects indexed or arranged for ease and speed of searching and retrieval. 5/6/2015 5

6 Specialized Databases - PubMed 23+ million citations from biomedical literature, 1946 to current year Life sciences with a concentration on biomedicine Clinical Queries (see module on Evidence-Based Practice for more information) Clinical Queries My NCBI (National Center for Biotechnology Information) to save and filter PubMed for mobile Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) or Keyword searchingKeyword 5/6/2015 6

7 Specialized Databases – Scopus Worldwide coverage 21,000+ peer-reviewed journalspeer-reviewed journals 50+ million records – Over half from 1995; and some records as old as 1823 Scientific, Technical, Medical and Social Sciences Literature including Arts & Humanities Web pages and patentspatents Citation Tracker and Journal Analyzer Citation Tracker Journal Analyzer 5/6/2015 7

8 Specialized Databases – Embase EMTREE (thesaurus) includes all MeSH terms Comprehensive drug searching Clinical and scientific topics as well as those on pharmacoeconomics, pharmaceutical vehicles, additives and biotechnology. 8,300+ peer-reviewed journals Biomedical, clinical, and regulatory fields 28+ million indexed records from 1947 forward 5/6/2015 8

9 Specialized Databases – CINAHL Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature Indexing for 5,000+ journals Of which 760+ journals are full–text 4+ million records Full-text coverage dating back to 1937 Subject coverage: Nursing and 14 allied health specialties Evidence-Based Care Sheets and Research Instruments Evidence-Based Care Sheets and Research Instruments 5/6/2015 9

10 Specialized Databases – Micromedex Drug resource Fully–referenced, unbiased content covering dosage, pharmacokinetics, cautions, interactions, comparative efficacy, clinical applications as well as labeled and off-labeled indications International, FDA-approved, and non-prescription preparations Ingredient information for hundreds of thousands of commercial, pharmaceutical, and biological substances Available as a mobile application Patient CareNotes 5/6/2015 10

11 Databases ranked by subject coverage Which would be your first choice for your subject area? 5/6/2015 11 Note: x = may still be useful but not first choice

12 Subjects covered 5/6/2015 12 Identify the databases with subject coverage for your specialty

13 Database Features 5/6/2015 13 Which features will be useful to you? 2 1 3

14 Review point #1 In which databases are e-Pub (ahead of print) articles available? a.Scopus b.Embase c.CINAHL d.PubMed Select all that are applicable. 5/6/2015 14

15 Answer #1 Answer is: a, b, and d From the table, PubMed, Scopus, and Embase show that they cover e-Pub materials. Why is this important? Currency as e-Pub materials are the most recent publications available. 5/6/2015 15

16 Features continued 5/6/2015 16 1 2 3 4 5

17 Review point #2 Which database is specific for drug information? a.Scopus b.CINAHL c.Embase d.Micromedex e.PubMed 5/6/2015 17

18 Answer #2 Answer is: d. Micromedex Micromedex differs from other databases included in this module in that it does not focus on article retrieval, but instead focuses on drug information dissemination. 5/6/2015 18

19 Features continued 5/6/2015 19 1 2 5 3 4 6 7 8 9 10 11

20 Review point #3 Which database has the “Cited by” (Invisible Network) feature? a.Micromedex b.Embase c.Scopus d.PubMed e.CINAHL 5/6/2015 20

21 Answer #3 Answer is: c. Scopus Scopus sorts citations according to the number of times the article has been cited by other publications. This demonstrates each article’s impact factor and identifies “landmark” articles and their authors. 5/6/2015 21

22 Types of Publications 5/6/2015 22 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

23 Journal Publication Types — Definition Publication types: describes the type of material the journal article represents for example: Review, Clinical Trial, Letter, Meta-analysis, Editorial 5/6/2015 23

24 Review point #4 You are assigned to find an article on a certain subject but it must be a cohort study. Which databases use that article/publication type as a limiter? Choose the best answer. a.Scopus, CINAHL, Embase, and Micromedex b.CINAHL, Scopus and Micromedex c.PubMed, Scopus, Embase and CINAHL d.PubMed, Embase and Micromedex e.Scopus, PubMed, CINAHL and Micromedex 5/6/2015 24

25 Answer #4 Answer is: c. PubMed, Scopus, Embase and CINAHL Article/publication type also allows the searcher to identify evidence-based materials.  for example: meta-analysis, systematic review, etc. 5/6/2015 25

26 Final Points…Summarize Specialized databases provide tools needed to conduct relevant and efficient research. 5/6/2015 26

27 Review Questions Decide which database is most appropriate for each scenario and answer the questions. 5/6/2015 27

28 Exercise #1 As a nursing student, which database would be the first choice to find peer-reviewed articles on the treatment of hypertension? Please choose the best answer.  A. Micromedex  B. CINAHL  C. Scopus  D. None of the above 5/6/2015 28

29 Answer for #1 5/6/2015 29 B. CINAHL – this database focuses on nursing literature.

30 Exercise #2 Which database would be the first choice to find the prophylactic dosing of Lovenox prior to abdominal surgery? Please choose the best answer.  A. Micromedex  B. CINAHL  C. Scopus  D. None of the above 5/6/2015 30

31 5/6/2015 31 A. Micromedex – focuses on drug information with very specific criteria about drugs and their use. Answer for #2

32 Exercise #3 Which database(s) indexes for meta-analysis or systematic review articles on various subjects?Please choose the best answer.  A. PubMed  B. CINAHL  C. Scopus  D. All of the above 5/6/2015 32

33 5/6/2015 33 Answer for #3 D. All of the above All of the databases presented in this module can be searched and are appropriate for locating systematic reviews or meta-analysis. Start with the database that is the first choice in your field.

34 References About Scopus | Sciverse. Retrieved from Clinical Queries. Retrieved from Cochrane Reviews | the Cochrane Collaboration. Retrieved from Embase. Retrieved from Embase | comprehensive coverage. Retrieved from MICROMEDEX® 2.0. Retrieved from 5/6/2015 34

35 References continued Legal case. Retrieved from Micromedex 2.0. Retrieved from Information Today, Inc. Retrieved from Mosby's medical dictionary. (2009). (8th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier. National Cancer Institute - comprehensive cancer information. Retrieved from National Library of Medicine – National Institutes of Health. Retrieved from ODLIS: Online Dictionary for Library and Information Science. Retrieved from PubMed home. Retrieved from PubMed tutorial – glossary. Retrieved from 5/6/2015 35

36 References continued ScienceDirect – home. Retrieved from Scopus - document search. Retrieved from University of Mississippi Libraries. (July 2004). Library of Congress subject heading guide., 1-7. User's guides to the medical literature: Essentials of evidence-based clinical practice. (2008). Guyatt G., Drummond R., Meade M. & Cook D.(Eds.), (2nd ed.). New York, NY: McGraw Hill Companies. 5/6/2015 36

37 Glossary Abstract  An overview or summary of an article, book, or other publication. Advanced Searching  Allows users to create a targeted search using field codes, proximity operators, or Boolean operators, to narrow the scope of the search. (Scopus - document search). Articles in Press (ePub)  Documents that have been accepted for publication, but have not yet been assigned to a journal issue. (ScienceDirect home page overview, 2008). 5/6/2015 37

38 Glossary Basic Search  Search the article title, abstract, or keywords for the terms needed. Boolean Searching  These operators (AND, OR, and NOT) will help narrow or broaden the search to better express the terms and their relationships needed to retrieve the information. Case Report  A detailed report of the diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of an individual patient. Case reports also contain some demographic information about the patient (for example: age, gender, ethnicity). (National Cancer Institute - comprehensive cancer information). 5/6/2015 38

39 Glossary Citation Only  Usually includes only the author, article title, journal name, page numbers, volume, issue, and publication date. The abstract is not included. Citation Tracker  Allows searchers to review citation counts for a particular author's work and to present a Citation Overview table broken down by individual years and brief article titles for the years the user has designated in a date range field. (Information today, Inc.). 5/6/2015 39

40 Glossary Cited by  A link on the page that generates a results list with records that contain a reference to the original record. (ScienceDirect home page overview. 2008) Clinical Drug Trials (Drug Trial)  The process of determining an adequate and effective therapeutic dose or duration of treatment of a specific drug for a particular disease state. (Mosby's medical dictionary. 2009) 5/6/2015 40

41 Glossary Clinical Queries  A user-friendly search tool in PubMed that allows clinicians to quickly and easily search for relevant clinical literature on etiology, prognosis, diagnosis, and therapy of diseases and diagnostics. (Clinical queries) Cochrane Reviews  Systematic reviews of primary research in human health care and health policy. They investigate the effects of interventions for prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation. (Cochrane reviews | The Cochrane collaboration) 5/6/2015 41

42 Glossary Cohort Studies/Analysis  This is an investigation in which a group of individuals who do not have evidence of an outcome or interest but who are exposed to the putative cause is compared with a concurrent group of individuals who are also free of the outcome but not exposed to the putative cause. (User's guides to the medical literature: Essentials of evidence-based clinical practice. 2008). Conference Proceedings  A collection of papers delivered at a conference or a summary of the conference. 5/6/2015 42

43 Glossary Dissertations, Doctoral  A dissertation or thesis is a document that presents the author's research, findings and is submitted in support of candidature for a degree or professional qualification. Email Alerts  New articles that match personalized specific subject criteria are automatically electronically delivered. Evidence-Based Care Sheets (Patient CareNotes) Evidence-Based Care Sheets (Patient CareNotes)  Contain summaries or treatment for specific conditions that include references to published studies and other sources of supporting documentation. 5/6/2015 43

44 Glossary Export Option  A feature that enables researchers to export citations, results lists, and other documents directly from PubMed, Scopus, Embase, and CINAHL to RefWorks, EndNote, or other citation managers. Full-Text Article  The entire record, typically most of the following items: abstract, outline, full–text with hypertext links, images, tables, and bibliographic references, is listed. Government Publications  Documents published by US government agencies. 5/6/2015 44

45 Glossary Journals  Sources for current information in disciplines that publish new research and review articles. Journal Analyzer  Mathematical algorithm used by some databases to measure journal value and reputation. Keyword Searching  Research method that searches for the term in the title or the description of the item. 5/6/2015 45

46 Glossary Legal Cases  The evidence and testimony compiled and organized by one party in a lawsuit to prove that party's version of the controversy at a trial in court. (Legal case.) 5/6/2015 46

47 Glossary Limit(s), (Limiters) or Filter(s)  A feature of a well-designed database that allows the user to employ various parameters to restrict the retrieval of entries containing the terms included in the statement. Limits may be set before a search is executed, after results are displayed, or both, depending on the design of the system. Limiters are not standardized but typically include publication date, material type, language, full-text, and peer-review information. (ODLIS: Online dictionary for library and information science)  Master’s Thesis  See Dissertations, Doctoral. 5/6/2015 47

48 Glossary Meta-analysis  A statistical technique for quantitatively combining the results of multiple studies measuring the same outcome into a single pooled or summary estimate. (User's guides to the medical literature: Essentials of evidence-based clinical practice, 2008) Nursing Dissertations  Written document or thesis, especially investigation or research on a specialized topic, submitted in partial fulfillment or as a requirement in a higher level nursing program. See also Dissertation, Doctoral. 5/6/2015 48

49 Glossary Patents  Legal documents issued by the U.S. government, or the government of another country, in response to a formal application process in which the inventor or originator of a new product or process is granted the exclusive right to manufacture, use, and sell it for a designated period of time. (ODLIS: Online dictionary for library and information science) Peer-reviewed Journal  Contains articles submitted by authors for publication which are evaluated by a group of their contemporary experts in the field. 5/6/2015 49

50 Glossary Personal Account  Most databases offer registration to create personal accounts that allow for saving searches, results, search strategies, and for creating email alerts. Practice Guideline(s)  Systematically developed statements or recommendations to assist practitioners and patient decisions about appropriate health care for specific clinical circumstances. (User's guides to the medical literature: Essentials of evidence- based clinical practice, 2008) 5/6/2015 50

51 Glossary Randomized Controlled Trials  Experiments in which individuals are randomly allocated to receive or not receive an experimental diagnostic, preventive, therapeutic, or palliative procedure and then followed to determine the effect of the intervention. (User's guides to the medical literature: Essentials of evidence- based clinical practice, 2008) Research Instruments  Tools used to evaluate research data. 5/6/2015 51

52 Glossary Review  A general term for articles that summarize the results of more than one primary study. Differentiated from Systematic Reviews. (User's guides to the medical literature: Essentials of evidence- based clinical practice. 2008) Search by: (Author, Title, Subject, Keyword)  Locate items/information using specific author, words in title, subject headings or keywords. 5/6/2015 52

53 SmartPhone Availability  Some databases allow users to download resources to a mobile device. Examples include the iPhone, iPod Touch, Android, BlackBerry, and other Smartphones. This turns the mobile device into a mobile tool that provides quick access to medical information. 5/6/2015 53 Glossary

54 Systematic Reviews  The identification, selection, appraisal, and summary of primary studies addressing a focused clinical question using methods to reduce the likelihood of bias. (User's guides to the medical literature: Essentials of evidence- based clinical practice, 2008) Thesaurus Searching  The use of subject headings to do research. Typically the term is defined. Controlled vocabularies and thesauri offer additional subject headings for searching: CINAHL headings, PubMed’s MeSH, and Embase’s EMTREE. 5/6/2015 54 Glossary

55 Update Frequency  Interval at which a database citations, journals or other serial publication receive the latest updates on health or other topics. Some databases and/or journals can be updated daily, weekly, bi-weekly, monthly, quarterly, semi-annually, yearly, as needed, continuously, or in other timings. Years Covered  Journal publication dates available in a database. 5/6/2015 55 Glossary

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