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Medical Language What did you say?.

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Presentation on theme: "Medical Language What did you say?."— Presentation transcript:

1 Medical Language What did you say?

2 Medical language is used by all members of the healthcare team.
It is essential to develop the knowledge of medical language.

3 Medical Language Dr. Smith enters the nurse’s station and begins to dictate notes that say: Mrs. Jones needs to have an exploratory laparotomy, but he suspects he will end up doing a bilateral salpingoophorectomy. And before the surgery he wants a CXR, EKG, CBC and ABG done, stat. You suddenly feel thankful that Mrs. Anderson spent so much time teaching you medical terminology.

4 Medical Language It is nearly impossible for even the most experienced healthcare professional to be familiar with every medical term. Knowledge of prefixes, suffixes, and root words is essential. It is vital that every healthcare professional be familiar with commonly used medical terminology. A medical dictionary is an excellent reference for unfamiliar terms.

5 Word Parts/Building Blocks
Most medical terms are formed by a combination of basic word parts. An understanding of how these parts work together makes interpreting medical language easier. So lets get started!

6 Word Parts/Building Blocks
Prefixes – usually indicate location, time, or number and come at the beginning of a word Suffixes – usually indicate the procedure, disease, or condition and come after the root word Root Words – usually indicate the part of the body involved Combining Vowel : 1. usually “o” 2. attached to the root word 3. makes medical terms easier to pronounce 4. is NOT used a when suffix begins with a vowel 5. IS used when suffix begins with a consonant

7 Word Parts/Building Blocks
Prefix Root Word +Suffix = Medical Term many nerves inflammation = inflammation of many nerves Combining Vowel 1. usually “o” 2. attached to the root word 3. makes medical terms easier to pronounce 4. is NOT used a when suffix begins with a vowel 5. IS used when suffix begins with a consonant POLYNEURITIS POLY NEUR/O ITIS

8 Common Medical Prefixes
a-, an- negative, without dys- painful, difficult ab- away from dors- back ad- towards endo- inside anti- against epi- above, upon ante- before hemi- half bi- two, both hyper- excessive, above, more than brachy- short hypo- decrease, below, less brady- slow

9 Common Medical Prefixes
inter- between, among para- beside or below peri- around intra- within, inside poly- many macro- large, big mal- bad post- after sub- below micro- small super- above neo- new tachy- fast

10 Common Medical Suffixes
-algia (painful) -osis (abnormal condition) -asthenia (weakness) -ostomy (surgical opening) -cele (hernia) -otomy (surgical incisión) -centesis (surgical puncture) -orrhea (flow) -ectomy (removal) -pathy (disease) -itis (inflammation/infection) -plasty (surgical repair) -gram (picture) -rrhaphy (suture) -malacia (abnormal softening) -sclerosis (abnormal hardening) -megaly (enlargement) -scope (instrument to view) -necrosis (death of tissue) -stenosis (narrowing) -ology (study of)

11 Common Medical Root Words
acro extremities cervi/c neck aden gland chrondr/o cartilage angi/o vessel col/o large intestines/colon arteri/o aterio cost/o ribs arthr/o joint cyst/o sac/bladder brachi arm cyte cell cardi/o heart enter/o small intestines carp wrist gastr/o stomach cerebr/o brain hemo/hemat blood

12 Common Medical Root Words
hepat liver medial middle hyster/o uterus myel/o spinal cord/bone marrow lapar abdomen my/o muscle laryng larynx (voice box) nas/o nose latero side nephr/o kidney lip/o fat neur/o nerve mamm/o breast mast/o breast

13 Common Medical Root Words
oophor ovary rhino nose oste/o bone salpingo fallopian tube ot/o ear tend/o tendon plegia paralysis thorac chest pneum/o lung/air trachi trachea (wind pipe) procto rectum

14 Medical Abbreviations
Just as in the English language, occasionally we use abbreviations to expedite writing orders and notes. Many of the abbreviations come from diagnostic testing, such as laboratory tests and different types of x-rays. Many of the therapy units have also adopted common abbreviations.

15 Medical Abbreviations
ASAP – as soon as possible FBS – fasting blood sugar ABG’s– arterial blood gases GI – gastrointestinal AC – before meals ICU – Intensive Care Unit Amb – ambulate or to walk Pt – patient BP – blood pressure PT – physical therapy BS – blood sugar, bowel sounds, breath sounds ROM – range of motion Stat – now CBC – complete blood count TPR – temperature, pulse, and respiration CXR – chest x-ray DNR – do not resuscitate VS – Vital signs EKG – electrocardiogram W/C – wheel chair

16 WHEW!

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