2 Medical language is used by all members of the healthcare team. It is essential to develop the knowledge of medical language.
3 Medical LanguageDr. Smith enters the nurse’s station and begins to dictate notes that say: Mrs. Jones needs to have an exploratory laparotomy, but he suspects he will end up doing a bilateral salpingoophorectomy. And before the surgery he wants a CXR, EKG, CBC and ABG done, stat. You suddenly feel thankful that Mrs. Anderson spent so much time teaching you medical terminology.
4 Medical LanguageIt is nearly impossible for even the most experienced healthcare professional to be familiar with every medical term.Knowledge of prefixes, suffixes, and root words is essential.It is vital that every healthcare professional be familiar with commonly used medical terminology.A medical dictionary is an excellent reference for unfamiliar terms.
5 Word Parts/Building Blocks Most medical terms are formed by a combination of basic word parts.An understanding of how these parts work together makes interpreting medical language easier.So lets get started!
6 Word Parts/Building Blocks Prefixes – usually indicate location, time, or number and come at the beginning of a wordSuffixes – usually indicate the procedure, disease, or condition and come after the root wordRoot Words – usually indicate the part of the body involvedCombining Vowel :1. usually “o”2. attached to the root word3. makes medical terms easier to pronounce4. is NOT used a when suffix begins with a vowel5. IS used when suffix begins with a consonant
7 Word Parts/Building Blocks Prefix Root Word +Suffix = Medical Termmany nerves inflammation = inflammation of many nervesCombining Vowel1. usually “o”2. attached to the root word3. makes medical terms easier to pronounce4. is NOT used a when suffix begins with a vowel5. IS used when suffix begins with a consonantPOLYNEURITISPOLYNEUR/OITIS
9 Common Medical Prefixes inter- between, amongpara- beside or belowperi- aroundintra- within, insidepoly- manymacro- large, bigmal- badpost- aftersub- belowmicro- smallsuper- aboveneo- newtachy- fast
10 Common Medical Suffixes -algia (painful)-osis (abnormal condition)-asthenia (weakness)-ostomy (surgical opening)-cele (hernia)-otomy (surgical incisión)-centesis (surgical puncture)-orrhea (flow)-ectomy (removal)-pathy (disease)-itis (inflammation/infection)-plasty (surgical repair)-gram (picture)-rrhaphy (suture)-malacia (abnormal softening)-sclerosis (abnormal hardening)-megaly (enlargement)-scope (instrument to view)-necrosis (death of tissue)-stenosis (narrowing)-ology (study of)
11 Common Medical Root Words acro extremitiescervi/c neckaden glandchrondr/o cartilageangi/o vesselcol/o large intestines/colonarteri/o ateriocost/o ribsarthr/o jointcyst/o sac/bladderbrachi armcyte cellcardi/o heartenter/o small intestinescarp wristgastr/o stomachcerebr/o brainhemo/hemat blood
12 Common Medical Root Words hepat livermedial middlehyster/o uterusmyel/o spinal cord/bone marrowlapar abdomenmy/o musclelaryng larynx (voice box)nas/o noselatero sidenephr/o kidneylip/o fatneur/o nervemamm/o breastmast/o breast
13 Common Medical Root Words oophor ovaryrhino noseoste/o bonesalpingo fallopian tubeot/o eartend/o tendonplegia paralysisthorac chestpneum/o lung/airtrachi trachea (wind pipe)procto rectum
14 Medical Abbreviations Just as in the English language, occasionally we use abbreviations to expedite writing orders and notes.Many of the abbreviations come from diagnostic testing, such as laboratory tests and different types of x-rays.Many of the therapy units have also adopted common abbreviations.
15 Medical Abbreviations ASAP – as soon as possibleFBS – fasting blood sugarABG’s– arterial blood gasesGI – gastrointestinalAC – before mealsICU – Intensive Care UnitAmb – ambulate or to walkPt – patientBP – blood pressurePT – physical therapyBS – blood sugar, bowel sounds, breath soundsROM – range of motionStat – nowCBC – complete blood countTPR – temperature, pulse, and respirationCXR – chest x-rayDNR – do not resuscitateVS – Vital signsEKG – electrocardiogramW/C – wheel chair