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Sikstus Gusli.  What is GFA or ItA?  Why GFA is important?  GFA of selected journals (Focused mainly on Soil & Tillage Res. and Soil Science Society.

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Presentation on theme: "Sikstus Gusli.  What is GFA or ItA?  Why GFA is important?  GFA of selected journals (Focused mainly on Soil & Tillage Res. and Soil Science Society."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sikstus Gusli

2  What is GFA or ItA?  Why GFA is important?  GFA of selected journals (Focused mainly on Soil & Tillage Res. and Soil Science Society of Am. J.) Please note: Only selected slides provided here will be discussed during the lecture. The other slides are supplied only for comprehensive guideline and comparisons

3  Journal style is a kind of manual provided by the journal that MUST be followed by the authors intending to publish in the journal. It provides guides for authors on scope of the journal, preparation, writing, submiting the manuscript, offprints, cost, etc.  It is usually called as Guide for Authors (GFA) or Instruction to Authors (ItA)  Each (scientific) journal has its own “ G UIDE FOR A UTHORS ” OR “I NSTRUCTIONS TO A UTHORS ”. There is no standard GFA or ItA, eventhough some journals may be published by the same publisher.

4  Every journal has its own GFA. Don’t use GFA of a journal for other journals.  GFA may be changed when needed, so read the most recently updated one of the journal

5  Authors must follow GFA of the journal  Authors, therefore, must read the GFA before preparing the manuscript draft  Failure to comply the GFA will lead to rejection of the manuscript  GFA is “the skeleton” of the scientific article

6  No need to worry about GFA.  That is easy, I know it already.  Nothing new. GFA of all journals are the same. So, no need to read GFA  Editor(s) will help me for minor writing style problems

7 GFA is an “A to Z help” for every author. Advice: Also, take a look samples of published articles in the last 2 years

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10  An international journal on research and development in soil tillage and field traffic, and their relationship with land use, crop production and the environment.  This ISTRO-affiliated journal examines the physical, chemical and biological changes in the soil caused by tillage and field traffic.  Manuscripts will be considered on aspects of soil science, physics, technology, mechanization and applied engineering for a sustainable balance among productivity, environmental quality and profitability. The following are examples of suitable topics within the scope of the journal of Soil and Tillage Research:  The agricultural and biosystems engineering associated with tillage (including no- tillage, reduced-tillage and direct drilling), irrigation and drainage, crops and crop rotations, fertilization, rehabilitation of mine spoils and processes used to modify soils.  Soil change effects on establishment and yield of crops, growth of plants and roots, structure and erosion of soil, cycling of carbon and nutrients, greenhouse gas emissions, leaching, runoff and other processes that affect environmental quality.  Characterization or modeling of tillage and field traffic responses, soil, climate, or topographic effects, soil deformation processes, tillage tools, traction devices, energy requirements, economics, surface and subsurface water quality effects, tillage effects on weed, pest and disease control, and their interactions.

11 TAHUN 2010TAHUN Original research papers (Regular Papers) 2. Review articles 3. Short Communications 1. Original research papers (Regular Papers) 2. Review articles 3. Short Communications 4. Book reviews

12 Original research papers should report the results of original research. The material should not have been previously published elsewhere, except in a preliminary form Review articles should cover subjects falling within the scope of the journal which are of active current interest. They may be submitted or invited. A Short Communication is concise but complete description of a limited investigation, which will not be included in a later paper. Short Communications should be as completely documented, both by reference to the literature and description of the experimental procedures employed, as a regular paper. They should not occupy more than 6 printed pages (about 12 manuscript pages, including figures, tables and references). Book Reviews will be included in the journal on a range of relevant books which are not more than 2 years old. Book reviews are solicited by the Editors-in-Chief. Please contact one of the Editors-in-Chief. E- mail contact details at:http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaleditorialboard.cws_ho me/503318/editorialboard me/503318/editorialboard

13  Ethics in Publishing For information on Ethics in publishing and Ethical guidelines for journal publication see and  Conflict of interest All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations within three years of beginning the submitted work that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their work. See also

14  Submission declaration and verification (2012) Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically without the written consent of the copyright-holder. To verify originality, your article may be checked by the originality detection software iThenticate. See alsohttp://www.elsevier.com/editors/plagdetect. Submission declaration (2010). Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere including electronically in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the copyright-holder.

15  Changes to authorship (this NEW, did not exist in 2010) This policy concerns the addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names in the authorship of accepted manuscripts: Before the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue : Requests to add or remove an author, or to rearrange the author names, must be sent to the Journal Manager from the corresponding author of the accepted manuscript and must include: (a) the reason the name should be added or removed, or the author names rearranged and (b) written confirmation (e- mail, fax, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed. Requests that are not sent by the corresponding author will be forwarded by the Journal Manager to the corresponding author, who must follow the procedure as described above. Note that: (1) Journal Managers will inform the Journal Editors of any such requests and (2) publication of the accepted manuscript in an online issue is suspended until authorship has been agreed. After the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue : Any requests to add, delete, or rearrange author names in an article published in an online issue will follow the same policies as noted above and result in a corrigendum..

16  Copyright Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' (for more information on this and copyright see Acceptance of the agreement will ensure the widest possible dissemination of information. An will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' form or a link to the online version of this agreement. Subscribers may reproduce tables of contents or prepare lists of articles including abstracts for internal circulation within their institutions. Permission of the Publisher is required for resale or distribution outside the institution and for all other derivative works, including compilations and translations (please consult If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article. Elsevier has preprinted forms for use by authors in these cases: please consult

17  Retained author rights As an author you (or your employer or institution) retain certain rights; for details you are referred to:  Role of the funding source You are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated. Please see

18  Funding body agreements and policies Elsevier has established agreements and developed policies to allow authors whose articles appear in journals published by Elsevier, to comply with potential manuscript archiving requirements as specified as conditions of their grant awards. To learn more about existing agreements and policies please visit  Language and language services Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). Authors who require information about language editing and copyediting services pre- and post- submission please visit or our customer support site at for more information.http://www.elsevier.com/languageeditinghttp://epsupport.elsevier.com

19  Open access (NEW) This journal offers you the option of making your article freely available to all via the ScienceDirect platform. To prevent any conflict of interest, you can only make this choice after receiving notification that your article has been accepted for publication. The fee of $3,000 excludes taxes and other potential author fees such as color charges. In some cases, institutions and funding bodies have entered into agreement with Elsevier to meet these fees on behalf of their authors. Details of these agreements are available athttp://www.elsevier.com/fundingbodies. Authors of accepted articles, who wish to take advantage of this option, should complete and submit the order form (available at Whatever access option you choose, you retain many rights as an author, including the right to post a revised personal version of your article on your own website. More information can be found here:

20  Language and language services Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). Authors who require information about language editing and copyediting services pre- and post-submission please visit rvices or our customer support site at for more information. rviceshttp://support.elsevier.com

21  Submission Submission to this journal proceeds totally online and you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of your files. The system automatically converts source files to a single PDF file of the article, which is used in the peer-review process. Please note that even though manuscript source files are converted to PDF files at submission for the review process, these source files are needed for further processing after acceptance. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, takes place by removing the need for a paper trail.  Submit your article Please submit your article via

22  Referees Please submit, with the manuscript, the names, addresses and addresses of 4 potential referees. Note that the editor retains the sole right to decide whether or not the suggested reviewers are used.

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24  It is important that the file be saved in the native format of the wordprocessor used.  The text should be in single-column format.  Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article. In particular, do not use the wordprocessor's options to justify text or to hyphenate words. However, do use bold face, italics, subscripts, superscripts etc.  When preparing tables, if you are using a table grid, use only one grid for each individual table and not a grid for each row. If no grid is used, use tabs, not spaces, to align columns.  The electronic text should be prepared in a way very similar to that of conventional manuscripts (see also the Guide to Publishing with Elsevier:  Note that source files of figures, tables and text graphics will be required whether or not you embed your figures in the text. See also the section on Electronic artwork.  To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the 'spell- check' and 'grammar-check' functions of your wordprocessor.

25 Subdivision - numbered sections Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2,...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross- referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line..

26 State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.

27 Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.

28 Results should be clear and concise

29 This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

30 The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.

31 If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.

32 Title Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible. Author names and affiliations Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the address of each author. Corresponding author Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that telephone and fax numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the address and the complete postal address. Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author. Present/permanent address If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.

33  A concise and factual abstract is required.  The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions.  An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s).  Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.

34  The abstract should be clear, descriptive and not longer than 400 words. (The number of words are no longer mentioned in the GFAs, but it is still a good guideline)  (Other journals specify complete elements of abstract, i.e. short background, aim, method, results & discussion and conclusion)

35 A Graphical abstract is optional and should summarize the contents of the article in a concise, pictorial form designed to capture the attention of a wide readership online. Authors must provide images that clearly represent the work described in the article. Graphical abstracts should be submitted as a separate file in the online submission system. Image size: Please provide an image with a minimum of 531 × 1328 pixels (h × w) or proportionally more. The image should be readable at a size of 5 × 13 cm using a regular screen resolution of 96 dpi. Preferred file types: TIFF, EPS, PDF or MS Office files. See for examples. Authors can make use of Elsevier's Illustration and Enhancement service to ensure the best presentation of their images also in accordance with all technical requirements: Illustration Service. Service

36 Highlights are mandatory for this journal. They consist of a short collection of bullet points that convey the core findings of the article and should be submitted in a separate file in the online submission system. Please use 'Highlights' in the file name and include 3 to 5 bullet points (maximum 85 characters, including spaces, per bullet point). See for examples.

37 Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in a footnote to be placed on the first page of the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention there, as well as in the footnote. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.

38 Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).

39  Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the international system of units (SI). If other units are mentioned, please give their equivalent in SI. Abbreviate units of measure only when used with numerals.  Authors and Editor(s) are, by general agreement, obliged to accept the rules governing biological nomenclature, as laid down in the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria, and the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature.  All biotica (crops, plants, insects, birds, mammals, etc.) should be identified by their scientific names when the English term is first used, with the exception of common domestic animals.

40  All biocides and other organic compounds must be identified by their Geneva names when first used in the text. Active ingredients of all formulations should be likewise identified.  For chemical nomenclature, the conventions of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry and the official recommendations of the IUPAC-IUB Combined Commission on Biochemical Nomenclature should be followed.

41  Number consecutively any equations that have to be displayed separate from the text (if referred to explicitly in the text).  Subscripts and superscripts should be clear.  Greek letters and other non-Roman or handwritten symbols should be explained in the margin where they are first used.  Take special care to show clearly the difference between zero (0) and the letter O, and between one (1) and the letter l.  Give the meaning of all symbols immediately after the equation in which they are first used. For simple fractions use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line.  Equations should be numbered serially at the right-hand side in parentheses. In general only equations explicitly referred to in the text need be numbered.  The use of fractional powers instead of root signs is recommended. Also powers of e are often more conveniently denoted by exp. Levels of statistical significance which can be mentioned without further explanation are: * P <0.05, ** P <0.01 and *** P < In chemical formulae, valence of ions should be given as, e.g., Ca 2+, not as Ca ++. Isotope numbers should precede the symbols, e.g., 18 O.

42  Footnotes should be used sparingly.  Number them consecutively throughout the article, using superscript Arabic numbers.  Many wordprocessors build footnotes into the text, and this feature may be used. Should this not be the case, indicate the position of footnotes in the text and present the footnotes themselves separately at the end of the article.  Do not include footnotes in the Reference list.  Table footnotes Indicate each footnote in a table with a superscript lowercase letter.

43  Electronic artwork General points Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original artwork. Save text in illustrations as 'graphics' or enclose the font. Only use the following fonts in your illustrations: Arial, Courier, Times, Symbol. Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text. Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files. Provide captions to illustrations separately. Produce images near to the desired size of the printed version. Submit each figure as a separate file.  A detailed guide on electronic artwork is available on our website: You are urged to visit this site; some excerpts from the detailed information are given here.

44  Formats Regardless of the application used, when your electronic artwork is finalised, please 'save as' or convert the images to one of the following formats (note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones, and line/halftone combinations given below):  EPS: Vector drawings. Embed the font or save the text as 'graphics'.  TIFF: Color or grayscale photographs (halftones): always use a minimum of 300 dpi.  TIFF: Bitmapped line drawings: use a minimum of 1000 dpi.  TIFF: Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grayscale): a minimum of 500 dpi is required.  If your electronic artwork is created in a Microsoft Office application (Word, PowerPoint, Excel) then please supply 'as is'.  Please do not: ……

45  Please do not:  Supply files that are optimised for screen use (like GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG); the resolution is too low;  Supply files that are too low in resolution;  Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.  Color artwork ……

46  Color artwork:  Please make sure that artwork files are in an acceptable format (TIFF, EPS or MS Office files) and with the correct resolution.  If, together with your accepted article, you submit usable color figures then Elsevier will ensure, at no additional charge, that these figures will appear in color on the Web (e.g., ScienceDirect and other sites) regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in color in the printed version.  For color reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from Elsevier after receipt of your accepted article.  Please indicate your preference for color: in print or on the Web only. For further information on the preparation of electronic artwork, please see  Please note: Because of technical complications which can arise by converting color figures to "gray scale" (for the printed version should you not opt for color in print) please submit in addition usable black and white versions of all the color illustrations.  Figure captions ……

47  Figure captions:  Ensure that each illustration has a caption.  Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure.  A caption should comprise a brief title ( not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration.  Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.

48  Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text.  Place footnotes to tables below the table body and indicate them with superscript lowercase letters.  Avoid vertical rules.  Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article.

49  Citation in text  Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa).  Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full.  Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either "Unpublished results" or "Personal communication"  Citation of a reference as "in press" implies that the item has been accepted for publication.  Web references ……

50  Web references  As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed.  Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given.  Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.  References in a special issue Please ensure that the words 'this issue' are added to any references in the list (and any citations in the text) to other articles in the same Special Issue.

51 Reference style All citations in the text should refer to: 1. Single author: the author's name (without initials, unless there is ambiguity) and the year of publication; 2. Two authors: both authors' names and the year of publication; 3. Three or more authors: first author's name followed by "et al." and the year of publication. Citations may be made directly (or parenthetically). Groups of references should be listed first alphabetically, then chronologically. Examples: "as demonstrated (Allan, 2000a, 2000b, 1999; Allan and Jones, 1999). Kramer et al. (2010) have recently shown...." List: References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters "a", "b", "c", etc., placed after the year of publication. Examples: Reference to a journal publication: Van der Geer, J., Hanraads, J.A.J., Lupton, R.A., The art of writing a scientific article. J. Sci. Commun. 163, 51–59. Reference to a book: Strunk Jr., W., White, E.B., The Elements of Style, third ed. Macmillan, New York. Reference to a chapter in an edited book: Mettam, G.R., Adams, L.B., How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in: Jones, B.S., Smith, R.Z. (Eds.), Introduction to the Electronic Age. E-Publishing Inc., New York, pp. 281– 304.

52 Journal abbreviations source Journal names should be abbreviated according to: Index Medicus journal abbreviations: List of title word abbreviations: CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service):

53  Elsevier accepts video material and animation sequences to support and enhance your scientific research.  Authors who have video or animation files that they wish to submit with their article are strongly encouraged to include these within the body of the article. This can be done in the same way as a figure or table by referring to the video or animation content and noting in the body text where it should be placed.  All submitted files should be properly labeled so that they directly relate to the video file's content.  In order to ensure that your video or animation material is directly usable, please provide the files in one of our recommended file formats with a maximum size of 30 MB and running time of 5 minutes.  Video and animation files supplied will be published online in the electronic version of your article in Elsevier Web products, including ScienceDirect:  Please supply 'stills' with your files: you can choose any frame from the video or animation or make a separate image. These will be used instead of standard icons and will personalize the link to your video data.  For more detailed instructions please visit our video instruction pages at  Note: since video and animation cannot be embedded in the print version of the journal, please provide text for both the electronic and the print version for the portions of the article that refer to this content.

54  Elsevier accepts electronic supplementary material to support and enhance your scientific research.  Supplementary files offer the author additional possibilities to publish supporting applications, high-resolution images, background datasets, sound clips and more.  Supplementary files supplied will be published online alongside the electronic version of your article in Elsevier Web products, including ScienceDirect:  In order to ensure that your submitted material is directly usable, please provide the data in one of our recommended file formats.  Authors should submit the material in electronic format together with the article and supply a concise and descriptive caption for each file.  For more detailed instructions please visit our artwork instruction pages at

55  Electronic archiving of supplementary data enables readers to replicate, verify and build upon the conclusions published in your paper.  We recommend that data should be deposited in the data library PANGAEA ( Data are quality controlled and archived by an editor in standard machine-readable formats and are available via Open Access.http://www.pangaea.de  After processing, the author receives an identifier (DOI) linking to the supplements for checking. As your data sets will be citable you might want to refer to them in your article. In any case, data supplements and the article will be automatically linked as in the following example: doi: / (95) doi: / (95)  Please use PANGAEA's web interface to submit your data (

56  It is hoped that this list will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending it to the journal's Editor for review. Please consult this Guide for Authors for further details of any item.  Ensure that the following items are present: One Author designated as corresponding Author:  address  Full postal address  Telephone and fax numbers  All necessary files have been uploaded  Keywords  All figure captions  All tables (including title, description, footnotes)  Further considerations  Manuscript has been "spellchecked" and "grammar-checked"  References are in the correct format for this journal  All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa  Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Web)  Color figures are clearly marked as being intended for color reproduction on the Web (free of charge) and in print or to be reproduced in color on the Web (free of charge) and in black-and-white in print  If only color on the Web is required, black and white versions of the figures are also supplied for printing purposes  For any further information please visit our customer support site at

57  Use of the Digital Object Identifier  The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) may be used to cite and link to electronic documents.  The DOI consists of a unique alpha-numeric character string which is assigned to a document by the publisher upon the initial electronic publication.  The assigned DOI never changes. Therefore, it is an ideal medium for citing a document, particularly 'Articles in press' because they have not yet received their full bibliographic information.  The correct format for citing a DOI is shown as follows (example taken from a document in the journal Physics Letters B ): doi: /j.physletb  When you use the DOI to create URL hyperlinks to documents on the web, the DOIs are guaranteed never to change.

58  Proofs  One set of page proofs (as PDF files) will be sent by to the corresponding author (if we do not have an address then paper proofs will be sent by post) or, a link will be provided in the so that authors can download the files themselves.  Elsevier now provides authors with PDF proofs which can be annotated; for this you will need to download Adobe Reader version 7 (or higher) available free from  Instructions on how to annotate PDF files will accompany the proofs (also given online).  The exact system requirements are given at the Adobe site: tml#70win. tml#70win

59  Proofs  One set of page proofs (as PDF files) will be sent by to the corresponding author (if we do not have an address then paper proofs will be sent by post) or, a link will be provided in the so that authors can download the files themselves.  Elsevier now provides authors with PDF proofs which can be annotated; for this you will need to download Adobe Reader version 7 (or higher) available free from Instructions on how to annotate PDF files will accompany the proofs (also given online). The exact system requirements are given at the Adobe site:  If you do not wish to use the PDF annotations function, you may list the corrections (including replies to the Query Form) and return them to Elsevier in an . Please list your corrections quoting line number. If, for any reason, this is not possible, then mark the corrections and any other comments (including replies to the Query Form) on a printout of your proof and return by fax, or scan the pages and , or by post.  Please use this proof only for checking the typesetting, editing, completeness and correctness of the text, tables and figures.  Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at this stage with permission from the Editor.  We will do everything possible to get your article published quickly and accurately – please let us have all your corrections within 48 hours.  It is important to ensure that all corrections are sent back to us in one communication: please check carefully before replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed.  Proofreading is solely your responsibility.  Note that Elsevier may proceed with the publication of your article if no response is received.

60  The corresponding author, at no cost, will be provided with a PDF file of the article via e- mail.  For an extra charge, paper offprints can be ordered via the offprint order form which is sent once the article is accepted for publication.  The PDF file is a watermarked version of the published article and includes a cover sheet with the journal cover image and a disclaimer outlining the terms and conditions of use.

61  For inquiries relating to the submission of articles (including electronic submission where available) please visit this journal's homepage. You can track accepted articles at and set up alerts to inform you of when an article's status has changed. Also accessible from here is information on copyright, frequently asked questions and more.  Contact details for questions arising after acceptance of an article, especially those relating to proofs, will be provided by the publisher.

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63 SOIL SCIENCE SOC.AM. J. SOIL AND TILLAGE RES.  General Requirements  Submitting Manuscripts  Potential Reviewers  Creating Manuscript  Title page  Abstract  Tables  Figures  References  Style Guidelines  Official Sources  Resubmitted Papers  Manuscript Revisions  Publication Charges & Length  Manuscript Reviews  Accepted Manuscripts  Questions?  Aims and scope  Submission of manuscripts  Types of contribution  Enquiries  Electronic Format Requirements for Accepted Articles  Preparation of manuscripts  Abstracts  Tables  Illustrations  Preparation of electronic illustrations  You are urged to visit this site; some excerpts from the detailed information are given here  Please do not  Colour Reproduction  References  Formulae  Footnotes  Nomenclature  Supplementary data  Proofs  Offprints

64 Contributions to the Soil Science Society of America Journal (SSSAJ) may be:  Review paper  Issues paper  Original research article  Note  Comments and letters to editor

65 A review is not simply a collection of papers that are all centered on a common theme. Review papers should:  Provide a synthesis of existing knowledge and give new insights or concepts not previously presented in the literature, or at least not with the same level of detail.  Identify knowledge gaps for future research. An author should generally be allowed more freedom to provide his/her view on a topic in a review as the papers being reviewed are presumed to already have passed some level of scientific scrutiny by peers. A good review is often one of the most important ways to advance an area of science. The review paper should be targeted, not more than 10 published pages. Ten pages is around 10,000 words, less about 250 words for each table or figure.

66  Soils issues papers include discussion of contemporary soils issues from a combination of scientific, political, legislative, and regulatory perspectives.  These papers will often have more of a philosophical bent to them, but must still be based on a foundation of good science.  The issue paper should be targeted, not more than 10 published pages.

67 Original research findings are interpreted to mean the outcome of scholarly inquiry, investigations, modeling, or experimentation having as an objective the revision of existing concepts, the development of new concepts, or the development of new or improved techniques in some phase of soil science. Authors are encouraged to test modeling results with measurements or published data.

68  Notes focus on:  Studies of limited scope,  Preliminary data,  Unique observations, or  Research techniques and apparatus.  The length of a note should be 2 to 3 published pages.

69 Comments and Letters to Editor contain: (a) Critical comments on papers published in one of the Society outlets; (b) Editorial comments by Society officers; or (c) Personal comments on matters having to do with soil science.

70  Authors are anonymous to reviewers and reviewers are anonymous to authors.  The manuscript title but not the authors’ names must appear on the abstract page.  If included, the acknowledgment section must appear on the title page rather than preceding the references section (as in published papers), so it can be removed prior to review.

71  Manuscripts can be submitted to the SSSAJ Editor through ManuscriptTracker at p?journal=sssaj.  Only electronic submissions are accepted, in the form of a single PDF file containingall text, tables, and figures.  To avoid font substitution errors that will delay processing, use of Microsoft Word isstrongly recommended in preference to other word processing software.  PDF conversion may be accomplished through ManuscriptTracker.

72  The following information must be provided for each manuscript submitted:  Corresponding author with address and other contact information;  Complete listing of all authors;  Manuscript title; and  A listing of all individuals acknowledged in the manuscript.  Additionally, authors are strongly encouraged to specify an appropriate division for review.  Instructions on various aspects of ManuscriptTracker are available at r.asp?journal=sssaj&mode=author

73  Authors are required to provide a list of potential reviewers through ManuscriptTracker. Reviewers must not be subject to a conflict of interest involving the author(s) or manuscript.  The SSSAJ editorial board is not obligated to use any reviewer suggested by the author(s).

74 The title page should include:  A title not exceeding 12 words. The title should accurately identify and describe the manuscript content.  Author-paper documentation. Include author name(s), sponsoring organization(s), and complete address(es). Identify the corresponding author with an asterisk (*). Do not list professional titles. Other information such as funding source(s) may be included here or placed in an acknowledgment, also on the title page. To ensure an unbiased review, the title page will be deleted prior to the review process.  The corresponding author’s phone and fax numbers and e- mail address. An address is essential for manuscript processing with ManuscriptTracker.  The acknowledgements section, if any.

75  An informative, self-explanatory abstract, not exceeding 250 words (150 words for notes), must be supplied on a separate page. It should describe specifically why and how the study was conducted, what the results were, and why they are important. Use quantitative terms.  Formatting must be as a single paragraph.  References cannot be cited.  The title (without author identification) must precede the abstract.  A list of any abbreviations used in the text should follow the abstract, alphabetized according to abbreviation.  Do not include a list of key words.

76  Each table must be submitted on a separate page and must be numbered consecutively. Do not duplicate matter that is presented in charts or graphs.  Use the following symbols for footnotes in the order shown: †, ‡,§, ¶, #, ††,‡‡, etc. The symbols *, **, and *** are always used to show statistical significance at the 0.05, 0.01, and level, respectively, and are not used for other footnotes.  Spell out abbreviations on first mention in tables, even if the abbreviation is defined in the text (i.e., a reader should be able to interpret each table without referring to the text).

77  Do not use figures that duplicate matter in tables. When creating figures, use font sizes and line weights that will reproduce clearly and accurately when figures are sized to the appropriate column width. Screening and/or shaded patterns often do not reproduce well; whenever possible, use black lines on a white background in place of shaded patterns.  Color figures are acceptable, but will be subject to a publication surcharge if the manuscript is accepted.

78  Authors should try to supply photographs and drawings that can be reduced to a one-column width (8.5 cm or 20 picas).  Lettering or numbers in the printed figure should not be smaller than the type size in the body of an article as printed in the journal (8-point type) or larger than the size of the main subheads (12-point type). The minimum type size is 6-point type. As an example, a 17-cm-wide figure should have 16-point type, so that when the figure is reduced to a single column, the type is reduced to 8-point type.  The minimum line weight is ½ point (thinner lines will not reproduce well).  As with tables, spell out abbreviations on first mention in figure captions, even if they have already been defined in the text.

79 Note the following in preparing the references section : 1. Format the references with double-spacing and linenumbering. 2. Do not number the references listed. 3. Arrange the list alphabetically by last name of the senior author and then by last name of successive authors. 4. Single-authored articles should precede multiple- authored articles for which the same individual is senior author. 5. Two or more articles by the same author(s) are listed chronologically; two or more in the same year are indicated by the letters a, b, c, etc.

80 1. All published works cited in the text must be listed as a reference and vice versa. 2. Only literature that is available through libraries can be cited. The reference list can include theses, dissertations, abstracts, or web (URL) listings. 3. Material not available through libraries, such as personal communications or privileged data, should be cited in the text in parenthetical form. 4. Chapter references from books must include, in order, author(s), year, chapter or article title, page range, editor(s), book title, publisher, and city. 5. Symposium proceedings should include editor(s), date and place of symposium, publisher, publisher’s location, and page numbers.

81  All soils discussed in the manuscript should be identifiedaccording to the U.S. soil taxonomic system at first mention.  The Latin binomial or trinomial and authority must be shown for all plants, insects, pathogens, microorganisms and animals when first mentioned. Both the accepted common name and the chemical name of any chemicals menntioned (including pesticides) must be provided. SI units must be used throughout the manuscript. Corresponding metric or English units may be added in parentheses at the discretion of the author.  If a commercially available product is mentioned, the name and location of the manufacturer should be included in parentheses after first mention.

82 1. Spelling: Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary 2. Amendments to the U.S. system of soil taxonomy (Soil Survey Staff, 1975) have been issued in the National Soil Survey Handbook (USDA-NRCS, 2007, usda.gov/technical/handbook/) and in Keys to Soil Taxonomy (Soil Survey Staff, 2006; technical/classification/ tax_keys/.) Scientific names of plants: A Checklist of Names for 3000 vascular plants of Economic Importance (USDA Agric. Handb. 505, see also the USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network database at grin.gov/npgs/searchgrin.html. 4. Chemical names of pesticides: Farm Chemicals Handbook (Meister Publishing, revised yearly)

83 5.Soil series names: Soil Series of the United States, Including Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands (http://ortho.ftw.nrcs. usda.gov/osd/osd.html).http://ortho.ftw.nrcs 6. Fungal nomenclature: Fungi on Plants and Plant Products in the United States (APS Press) 7. Journal abbreviations: Chemical Abstracts Service Source Index (American Chemical Society, revised yearly) 8. The Glossary of Soil Science Terms is available both in hard copy (SSSA, 2008) and on the SSSA Web page https://www.soils.org/sssagloss/) It contains definitions of more than 1800 terms, a procedural guide for tillage terminology, an outline of the U.S. soil classification system, and the designations for soil horizons and layers.

84  A resubmitted paper is one identified by the corresponding author or Technical Editor, as having been submitted previously to the SSSAJ, reviewed, and released. These papers retain the same topical focus as the original version, but the presentation often reflects substantial revision, and they are treated as new submissions for the review process.  Resubmitted papers must be accompanied by a list of responses to previous review comments.  The list is for editorial use only, unless author approval has been obtained, for access by reviewers.

85  Authors have three months to make revisions and return their manuscript following receipt of reviewer and associate editor comments. If not returned within three months, the manuscript will be released.  To receive further consideration for publication, it must be resubmitted to the Editor as a new manuscript.

86  Membership in the Society is not a requirement for publication in the SSSAJ; however, nonmembers will be charged a higher fee than members. A per page charge of $80 will be assessed to papers. Nonmembers will pay an additional $100.  To qualify for the member rate, the corresponding author must be an active, emeritus, graduate student, or undergraduate student member of SSSA on the date the manuscript is accepted for publication.  The aforementioned publication fee may be waived for invited review papers, and will not be assessed for Comments and Letters to the Editor or book reviews.

87  If the manuscript is prepared with a word processor using a 12-point proportional font, 1000 words will be approximately equivalent to one printed page of the SSSAJ.  For economy of space, some sections are set in small type, including Materials and Methods, Theory, tables, figure captions, and References.  Each table and figure will typically occupy ¼ of a printed page. For tabular matter, 10 lines of headings, subheadings, and/or data rows require 1 inch of column space. Tables with up to 60 characters per row (including spaces between characters) can usually be printed in a single column, while tables that exceed this width will require two columns. The height of a printed figure will be in the same proportion to the width (1 column = 8.5 cm; 2 column = 17.2 cm) as that of the corresponding dimensions in the original drawing.  Authors can publish color photos, figures, or maps at their own expense. Please contact the Managing Editor ( ) for pricing information.

88  Up to three months may be required for the initial review.  Please check the respective manuscript record in ManuscriptTracker to track the progress of your manuscript.  Thereafter, authors may contact the Editor to obtain information about the progress of the review.

89  Following notification of manuscript acceptance, both a pdf and word processing file of the final accepted manuscript are required. The pdf and word processing file must match exactly in all parts of the manuscript.  Files for tables and figures must also be included. Figure files will reproduce best if a tiff format is supplied for the figures.  If you are having problems creating tiff files of the figures, please contact the managing editor.  Send files as attachments to the managing editor, Rebecca Funck

90  Send your questions to Rebecca Funck, Managing Editor, SSSAJ

91 Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the X-SIZER thrombectomy device versus the use of abciximab during primary angioplasty for acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Design: Retrospective analysis of patients undergoing primary angioplasty for STEMI from October 2000 to December 2002 using the X-SIZER thrombectomy device versus abciximab. Setting: National University Hospital, Singapore. Patients: Out of 79 patients, 44 underwent X-SIZER use, while 35 received adjunct abciximab. Both groups were similarly represented with regards to age, gender, risk factors, target vessel site/diameter, cardiogenic shock, and onset of chest pain to procedure time. The infarct-related artery was occluded in 88.6% in both groups. Interventions: A 2-mm X-SIZER was used in 34/44 (77.3%), while a 1.5-mm device was used in the remainder. Final TIMI 3 flow was obtained in 38/44 (86.4%) in the X-SIZER group compared to 26/35 (74.3%) in the abciximab group (P = 0.175). Main Outcome Measures: Coronary TIMI flow rate, electrocardiogram (ECG) resolution, slow flow/no reflow phenomenon, and patient outcome (death, cardiac failure, or repeat revascularization) at 1 month. Results: ECG resolution and slow flow/no reflow were better in the X-SIZER group (77.3% vs 54.3%, P = 0.031; 9.1% vs 25.7%, P = 0.047, respectively). Patient outcome at 1 month was, however, not significantly different (18.2% vs 17.1%, P = 0.904, respectively, for X-SIZER and abciximab). Conclusion: X-SIZER thrombectomy during primary percutaneous coronary intervention for thrombus-laden STEMI is a safe and effective strategy. When compared to patients receiving abciximab, it was associated with improved ECG resolution, less slow flow/no reflow and a trend to better TIMI 3 flow. ABSTRACT

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93 Objective: Apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a morphologic variant in which the hypertrophy is primarily localized to the apex of the left ventricle. A subset of patients have progressive, drug-refractory diastolic heart failure with severely limiting symptoms caused by low cardiac output. Heart transplantation has been the only therapeutic option available for such patients. This study analyzes clinical and hemodynamic outcomes of a novel surgical technique to improve diastolic filling by means of left ventricular cavity enlargement. Methods: Forty-four symptomatic patients underwent apical myectomy to augment left ventricular end-diastolic volume. Myectomy was performed through an apical incision, and hypertrophic muscle was excised at the apex and midventricle. Information from a prospective database was supplemented by surveys, patient contact, and medical records. Results: The mean age of the patients was 50 ± 17 years, and 66% were women. All patients were severely limited with dyspnea, 61% had angina, and 59% had syncope/presyncope. Ninety-one percent of patients were in New York Heart Association class III or IV. A mean of 16 ± 7 g of muscle was removed. Preoperative and postoperative hemodynamic catheterization (n = 14) showed a decrease in left ventricular end-diastolic pressure from 28 ± 9 to 24 ± 7 mm Hg (P =.002) and an increase in end-diastolic volume index from 55 ± 17 to 68 ± 18 mL/m 2 (P =.003). Invasive measurements of stroke volume increased from 56 ± 17 to 63 ± 19 mL (P =.007). Of the 42 patients who survived to hospital discharge, 41 had improvement in symptoms. Mean peak maximum oxygen consumption with exercise (n = 5) increased from 13.5 ± 4.4 to 15.8 ± 4.6 mL/kg per minute. Survival at 1, 3, and 5 years was 95%, 81%, and 81%, respectively. At follow-up of 2.6 ± 3.1 years, 23 (74%) patients were in New York Heart Association class I or II. One patient underwent heart transplantation 5 years after apical myectomy. Conclusions: Apical myectomy improves functional status by decreasing left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, improving operative compliance, and increasing stroke volume. This procedure might be of value in other patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy who have severe hypertrophy and small left ventricular end-diastolic volume. ___________________________ Abbreviations and Acronyms ApHCM = apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; HCM = hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; ICD = implantable cardioverter defibrillator; LV = left ventricle; LVEDV = left ventricular end-diastolic volume; MRI = magnetic resonance imaging; NYHA = New York Heart Association; PPM = permanent pacemaker; SV = stroke volume; VO 2max = peak oxygen consumption ABSTRACT

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