Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Review Unit 1.2 Identity: Tissue. 1.& 2.What are the main types of tissue in the human body? How does the structure of a type of human tissue relate to.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Review Unit 1.2 Identity: Tissue. 1.& 2.What are the main types of tissue in the human body? How does the structure of a type of human tissue relate to."— Presentation transcript:

1 Review Unit 1.2 Identity: Tissue

2 1.& 2.What are the main types of tissue in the human body? How does the structure of a type of human tissue relate to its function in the body? Epithelial Covers Lines organs and body cavities Found in layers Organized according to shape of cell

3 1.& 2.What are the main types of tissue in the human body? How does the structure of a type of human tissue relate to its function in the body? Cont. Muscle Moves Makes up all muscle (cardiac, skeletal, smooth) Skeletal muscle cells are long and narrow so they can contract to allow movement

4 1.& 2.What are the main types of tissue in the human body? How does the structure of a type of human tissue relate to its function in the body? Cont. Nervous Signals Includes neurons and neuroglia Long axons to allow signals to travel distances Branches for connections

5 1.& 2.What are the main types of tissue in the human body? How does the structure of a type of human tissue relate to its function in the body? Cont. Connective Joins, cushions, adds flexibility Ex. adipose, blood, bone, cartilage Fairly consistent matrix to allow it to fill spaces of various shapes and sizes

6 3. How does the distribution and structure of different types of tissue in the body contribute to personal identity? Some people have more muscle & some have less. Differences in nerves & nerve connections affect the way our minds work and they ways we make decisions. Some people have more connective tissue. For instance, an obese person has much more adipose than a thin person. Most cells contain a central nucleus that contains DNA and every person’s DNA is completely unique (except identical twins).

7 4. What are the functions of the human skeletal system? The axial skeleton (skull and trunk) protect soft organs such as the brain, heart, lungs, etc). The appendicular skeleton (arms and legs) provides attachment points for muscles that allow movement. Bone marrow forms blood cells

8 5. What are the main bones of the human skeletal system? Meta = between Tars = instep, ankle Carpal = wrist Pel = push Clav = collarbone Pariet = wall Zyg = join Occ = eye Cervic = neck Crani = skull Vert = to turn Thorac = chest

9 6. What is forensic anthropology and how does this field relate to human body systems? Forensic (“to seek truth”) anthropology (“study of mankind”) is the study of human bones to determine information about the deceased and decide cause of death & whether a crime was committed. One aspect of the job is testifying in court. Forensic anthropologists are not generally medical doctors, but instead have a PhD. They tend to be college professors and have 12+ years of education. When a deceased person still has flesh, the responsibility to determine the cause of death of the deceased is of a Medical Examiner

10 7. How can features of bone be used to determine information about a person’s gender, ethnicity, age or stature? Gender can be best determined from pelvis or skull Skulls (esp. nasal index) are best determinant of race MaleFemale Square eye socketsRound eye sockets U-shaped mandibleV-shaped mandible Brow ridges are sharperSmoother bones Heart-shaped pelvisRounded pelvis Angled-in coccyxWider pubic arch

11 7. How can features of bone be used to determine information about a person’s gender, ethnicity, age or stature? Cont. Humerus and femur length are best predictors of height Bone fusion especially in pelvis is best predictor of age


Download ppt "Review Unit 1.2 Identity: Tissue. 1.& 2.What are the main types of tissue in the human body? How does the structure of a type of human tissue relate to."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google