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Dr. Tarek El Sewedy Department of Medical Laboratory Technology Faculty of Allied Medical Sciences Faculty of Allied Medical Sciences.

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Presentation on theme: "Dr. Tarek El Sewedy Department of Medical Laboratory Technology Faculty of Allied Medical Sciences Faculty of Allied Medical Sciences."— Presentation transcript:

1 Dr. Tarek El Sewedy Department of Medical Laboratory Technology Faculty of Allied Medical Sciences Faculty of Allied Medical Sciences

2 Medical Terminology of Respiratory Cardiovascular and Digestive systems

3 By the end of this lecture, students will learn: Medical Terminology of Respiratory, Cardiovascular and Digestive systems Intended Learning Outcomes

4 Lecture content Respiratory System terminology Cardiovascular System terminology Digestive system terminology Roman Numeral

5 Respiratory System

6 Pulmonology WordMeaningWord analysis nas nose nas/al (NĀ-zl): pertaining to the nose pharyngPharynx (throat)pharyng/it is: inflammation of the pharynx, tonsilltonsilsperi/tonsill/ar: pertaining to area surrounding the tonsils peri-: around -ar: pertaining to trachetracheatrache/o/stomy (trā-kē-ŎS-tō-mē): creation of an opening into the trachea pneumonlungpneum/ectomy: excision of all or part of a lung pulmonlungpulmon/o/logist:physician who specializes in treating pathological conditions of the lungs thoracChestthorac/o/pathy: disease of the thorax

7 Tracheostomy trache/o/pathydisease of the trachea trache/o/plastysurgical repair of the trachea trache/o/tomyincision of the trachea

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10 Cardiovascular System

11 WordMeaningWord Analysis AngiBlood vesselangi/o/graphy: process of recording blood vessels CardiHeartcardi/o/megaly: enlargement of the heart; thrombBlood clotthromb/o/lysis: breaking up of a thrombus vasVesselvas/o/spasm: spasm of a blood vessel CardiaHeart conditiontachy/cardia: rapid heart rate -gramrecord, writingelectr/o/cardi/o/gram: record of electrical activity of the heart -graphinstrument for recording electr/o/cardi/o/graph: instrument for recording electrical activity of the heart -grphyprocess of recording electr/o/cardi/o/graphy: process of recording electrical activity of the heart peri/card/itis: inflammation around the heart phagswallowing, eating phag/o/cyte (FĂG-ō-sīt): cell that swallows and eats phylaxisprotectionana/phylaxis ( ă n- ă -fĭ-LĂK-sĭs): against protection

12 Digestive System

13 WordMeaningWord analysis Dentteethdent/ist: specialist who diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of the oral cavity (teeth) gingivgumgingiv/itis (jĭn-jĭ-VĪ-tĭs): infl ammation of gums lingutonguesub/lingu/al: pertaining to under the tongue gastrstomachgastr/o/scopy: visual examination of the stomach algia paingastr/algia (g ă s-TRĂL-jē- ă ): pain in the stomach phagiaswallowing, eating dys/phagia (dĭs-FĀ-jē- ă ): difficulty swallowing or eating (dys-: bad; painful; difficult) gastr/ectomy, gastr/o/tome emesisvomitinghyper/emesis - hemat/emesis vomiting blood. pepsiadigestionDys/pepsia ColColoncolon/o/scopy : visual examination o the colon enterintestine (usually small intestine) enter/o/pathy (ĕn-tĕr-ŎP- ă -thē): any intestinal disease appendappendixappend/ectomy ( ă p-ĕn-DĔK-tō-mē): removal of the appendix

14 Roman numerals The Roman numeral system was used during the Roman empire. Does not include a zero. They are in use to this day in applications such as numbered lists or outlines, clock faces, numbering of pages preceding the main body of a book, successive political leaders or people with identical names, chords in music, and the numbering of certain annual events. The numbers 1 to 10 can be expressed in Roman numerals as follows: I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, and X

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16 Roman numbers SymbolValue I 1 V 5 X 10 L 50 C 100 D 500 M 1,000

17 Reference books 1 – Medical Terminology an illustrated Guide by Barbara Jonson Cohen – “Medical Terminology Simplified” F. A David – “Medical Terminology system : Approach Fifth Edition” Barbara A Gylys 2004


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