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Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill PowerPoint to accompany Essentials of Medical Language 2e Allan, Lockyer.

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Presentation on theme: "Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill PowerPoint to accompany Essentials of Medical Language 2e Allan, Lockyer."— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill PowerPoint to accompany Essentials of Medical Language 2e Allan, Lockyer Chapter 6: Cardiovascular and Circulatory Systems The Essentials of the Language of Cardiology

2 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill Cardiovascular and Circulatory Systems Lesson 6.1: The Heart

3 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-3 The Heart Location of the heart –size –shape

4 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-4 Abbreviations Define the following abbreviations: – CPR – CVT – ECG – EKG – SOB

5 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-5 Word Analysis and Definition Define the following root elements: – cardi – electr – pulmon – thorac

6 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-6 Word Analysis and Definition The following terms relate to the structure of the heart; identify their prefixes. –endocardium –myocardium –epicardium –pericardium

7 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-7 Word Analysis and Definition Change the following terms into the adjective form and define them: – endocardium – fibrosis – ischemia – necrosis – pericardium endocardial fibrotic ischemic necrotic pericardial

8 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-8 Word Analysis and Definition Define the following terms related to the blood flow through the heart: –atrium –ventricle –septum –bicuspid

9 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-9 Word Analysis and Definition Identify the prefix, root, and suffix of the following terms and define them: – interatrial inter- atri--al – interventricular inter- ventricul- -ar – semilunar semi- lun- -ar

10 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-10 Abbreviations Define the following abbreviations: – AV – IV – O 2 – CO 2

11 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-11 The Heartbeat The actions of the four heart chambers are coordinated. – systole – diastole – stethoscope – murmur

12 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-12 The Heartbeat Electrical properties of the heart – electrocardiogram

13 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-13 Word Analysis and Definition Explain the difference between the following sets of terms: – atrial and ventricular – bradycardia and tachycardia – sinus rhythm and arrhythmia – systole and diastole

14 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-14 Cardiovascular and Circulatory Systems Lesson 6.2: Disorders of the Heart

15 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-15 Disorders of the Heart Abnormal heart rhythms – common arrhythmias 1. premature beats 2. atrial fibrillation 3. ventricular tachycardia 4. ventricular arrhythmia 5. heart block 6. palpitations

16 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-16 Disorders of the Heart Abnormal heart rhythms – pacemakers – implantable defibrillator – automatic external defibrillator © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Rick Brady

17 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-17 Word Analysis and Definition Give the term based on the provided definition: – unpleasant sensations of a rapid beat of the heart palpitation – restoration of a normal heart rhythm by electric shock. cardioversion – uncontrolled quivering of the heart muscle fibrillation

18 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-18 Abbreviations Define the following abbreviations: – AED – ICD – PVC – A-fib – V-fib – V-tach

19 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-19 Disorders of the Heart Disorders of the heart valves – heart valve malfunction 1. stenosis 2. incompetence

20 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-20 Disorders of the Heart Disorders of the heart – artificial heart valves 1. prosthetic 2. tissue

21 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-21 Disorders of the Heart Disorders of the heart wall 1. endocarditis 2. myocarditis 3. pericarditis 4. cardiomyopathy 5. cor pulmonale

22 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-22 Word Analysis and Definition What relationship do the following sets of terms have? – pericarditis and tamponade – incompetence, insufficiency, and regurgitate

23 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-23 Disorders of the Heart Disorders of the heart – coronary artery disease 1. angina pectoris 2. myocardial infarction 3. cardiogenic shock 4. cardiac arrest

24 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-24 Disorders of the Heart Disorders of the heart – coronary artery disease 1. risk factors – heredity, age, obesity, lack of exercise, tobacco, diabetes, stress, high blood pressure KEYNOTE: All these risk factors, except heredity and age, can be reduced by changes in lifestyle.

25 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-25 Abbreviations Define the following abbreviations: –CAD –ASHD –MI –NTG –PNB

26 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-26 Word Analysis and Definition Describe the differences in the following sets of terms: – occlude and perfuse – sublingual and substernal – arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis

27 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-27 Disorders of the Heart Disorders of the heart – hypertensive heart disease – congestive heart failure – congenital heart disease

28 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-28 Disorders of the Heart Congenital heart disease 1. atrial septal defect 2. ventricular septal defect 3. patent ductus arteriosus 4. coarctation of the aorta 5. tetralogy of Fallot

29 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-29 Word Analysis and Definition Identify the word elements and define the following terms: – hypertension – hypotension – prehypertension

30 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-30 Word Analysis and Definition Identify the following abbreviations: – ASD – VSD – CHD – CHF – Hg – HTN – PDA – SOB – TOF

31 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-31 Cardiologic Investigations and Procedures Blood tests – lipid profile cholesterol lipoprotein (HDL and LDL) triglycerides

32 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-32 Cardiologic Investigations and Procedures Diagnostic tests –electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) –cardiac stress testing –echocardiography –Holter monitor –ambulatory blood pressure monitor –magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) –cardiac catheterization –coronary angiogram

33 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-33 Cardiologic Investigations and Procedures Treatment procedures – thrombolysis – percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty – stent placement – coronary artery bypass surgery

34 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-34 Cardiologic Investigations and Procedures Treatment procedures – cardioversion – defibrillation – heart transplant

35 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-35 Word Analysis and Definition Define the following combining forms: – ech/o – cutan/e – thromb/o - scler/o - arteri/o - idi/o - angi/o - ven/o

36 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-36 Word Analysis and Definition Define the following suffix elements: – gram – plasty – ize – ous – tic – ide

37 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill Cardiovascular and Circulatory Systems Lesson 6.3: Circulatory Systems

38 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-38 Word Analysis and Definition Describe the difference between the following sets of terms: – artery vs. vein – angiogram vs. venogram – pulmonary circulation vs. systemic circulation

39 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-39 Circulatory System Functions of the circulatory system: – transport – maintain homeostasis – regulate blood pressure

40 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-40 Word Analysis and Definition Define the following root elements: – brachi – ven/a – palpat – capill

41 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-41 Word Analysis and Definition Where in the body would you find the following vessels? – radial artery – temporal artery – cartoid artery – femoral artery – brachial artery

42 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-42 Circulatory Systems Circulatory disorders – disorders of veins © Dr. P. Marazzi / Photo Researchers Inc.

43 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill 6-43 Circulatory Systems Circulatory disorders – disorders of arteries 1. aneurysm 2. thromboangiitis obliterans 3. Raynaud disease 4. carotid artery disease

44 Copyright © 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill Word Analysis and Definition Identify the root elements and then define the term: – collateral – endarterectomy – phlebotomist – sclerose – edematous later arter phleb/o scler edema


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