Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 14: The Respiratory System.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 14: The Respiratory System."— Presentation transcript:

1 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 14: The Respiratory System

2 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved Learning Outcomes Identify the parts of the respiratory system and discuss the function of each part. Recognize the major word parts used in building words that relate to the respiratory system. Recall the common diagnoses, laboratory tests, and clinical procedures used in testing and treating disorders of the respiratory system. Define the major pathological conditions of the respiratory system. Explain the meaning of surgical terms related to the respiratory system. Recognize common pharmacological agents used in treating disorders of the respiratory system.

3 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved Function and Structure System for breathing Consists of upper / lower tracts Exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide

4 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved Upper and Lower Tract

5 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved The Lungs

6 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved Building Vocabulary adenoid(o)adenoid alveol(o)alveolus bronch(o), bronchi(o)bronchus bronchiol(o)bronchiole capn(o)carbon dioxide

7 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved Building Vocabulary epiglott(o)epiglottis laryng(o)larynx lob(o)lobe of the lung mediastin(o)mediastinum nas(o)nose or(o)mouth

8 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved Building Vocabulary ox(o), oxi, oxyoxygen pharyng(o)pharynx phon(o)voice, sound phren(o)diaphragm pleur(o)pleura pneum(o),pneumon(o)air, lung

9 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved Building Vocabulary rhin(o)nose spir(o)breathing steth(o)chest thorac(o)thorax, chest tonsill(o)tonsils trachea(o)trachea

10 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved Respiratory Tract Two Divisions Upper = nose, nasal cavity, sinuses, and pharynx Lower = larynx, trachea, bronchial tree and lungs Exchange of gases

11 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved Vocal cords

12 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved Bronchioles / Alveoli

13 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved Bronchiole Tree

14 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved Lungs Respiratory organ Carry oxygen from atmosphere to bloodstream Release carbon dioxide from the bloodstream into atmosphere

15 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved Lobes of the Lung

16 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved Diagnostic, Procedural, Lab Assist in diagnosing related conditions Used in combination Lead to diagnosis Assist in treatment planning

17 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved Sinuses X-ray

18 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved Throat Culture

19 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved Healthy Lung

20 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved Tuberculosis

21 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved Pathological Conditions Inflammations Body’s way of protecting Occur in both upper and lower tracts pharynx pharyngitis rhinitis laryngotracheobronchitis adenoiditis pneumonitis bronchitis chronic bronchitis tonsillitis pleurisy, pleuritis epiglottitis tracheitis laryngitis nasopharyngitis

22 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved Breathing Problems Variety of breathing disorders May be related to a disease or condition Adequate oxygenation to the body

23 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved Pathological Terms I The respiratory system can experience a wide variety of diseases and disorders.

24 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved Cystic Fibrosis

25 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved Blockage of Airway

26 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved Surgical Terms Surgery may be performed on the respiratory system depending upon the disease or condition

27 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved Healthy Lung

28 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved Cancerous Lung

29 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved Tracheostomy

30 McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved Chapter Review Identify the parts of the respiratory system and discuss the function of each part. Recognize the major word parts used in building words that relate to the respiratory system. Recall the common diagnoses, laboratory tests, and clinical procedures used in testing and treating disorders of the respiratory system. Define the major pathological conditions of the respiratory system. Explain the meaning of surgical terms related to the respiratory system. Recognize common pharmacological agents used in treating disorders of the respiratory system.


Download ppt "McGraw-Hill © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 14: The Respiratory System."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google