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Medical Terminology Body Organization
Biological Organization Cell - the basic unit of life Tissue - a group of like cells that work together to perform a function Organ - a group of tissues that work together to perform a function
Biological Organization Organ system - a group of organs that work together to perform a function (functions) Organism - an entire living thing
Biological Organization There are four types of tissue found in humans: epithelial connective muscle nervous
Biological Organization There are a variety of organs that make up eleven different human organ systems
Anatomical Positions & Directions Anatomists, those in the medical community and others use directional terms to describe body positions and directions
Anatomical Positions & Directions These directional and positional terms are applied using the standard anatomical position
Anatomical Positions & Directions Planes frontal transverse median (sagittal) Transverse Frontal Median
Anatomical Positions & Directions Anatomical directions: anterior (ventral) posterior (dorsal) Frontal
Anatomical Positions & Directions Anatomical directions: superior (cephalic) inferior (caudal) Transverse
Anatomical Positions & Directions Anatomical directions: lateral medial proximal distal Median
Anatomical Positions & Directions External regions: RUQ LUQ RLQ LLQ
Anatomical Positions & Directions Internal regions: hypochondri ac epigastric lateral umbilical hypogastric inguinal
Anatomical Positions & Directions Body cavities: dorsal - cranial - vertebral ventral - thoracic - abdominal - pelvic
Anatomical Positions & Directions Thoracic cavity: pleural pericardia l mediastinu m Diaphragm
Body Membranes The membranes that line the body cavities and cover the internal organs are named for the organs or regions that they cover
Body Membranes Membranes that line the body cavities are called parietal membranes Membranes that cover internal organs are called visceral membranes
Anatomical Positions & Directions Some common root words and combining forms: abdomin(o) (abdomen) thorac(o) (chest) cephal(o) (head) encephal(o) (brain) viscer(o) (visceral)
Anatomical Positions & Directions Some common root words and combining forms: omphal(o) (umbilicus) pelv(i) (pelvis) caud(o)(tail) acr(o) (extremities) dactyl(o) (digits)
Anatomical Positions & Directions Be able to recognize or write the meanings of the abbreviations at the end of the chapter
Copyright © 2007 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.1.
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