Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Veterinary Medical Terminology"— Presentation transcript:
1 Introduction to Veterinary Medical Terminology Building Blocks of Words
2 It’s all Greek to me! Some may say that veterinarians speak Greek, they are right!Most terms used in veterinary medicine are based on Latin or Greek.Latin is the universal language of medicine and the Greeks were the founders of modern medicine.The following will be some common examples, be sure to record these terms on your worksheet.
3 Latin (Scientific) Adjectives: Common NameLatinDerived Adj.DogCanisCanineCatFelisFelineHorseEquusEquineCattleBosBovineSheepOvisOvineGoatCapraCaprinePigSusPocineBirdAvisAvianMouseMusMurineRatRattus
4 TheBuilding BlocksSuffixRootPrefixCombining Form
5 Word Structure Root Word Prefix Suffix Combining Vowel Compound Word The key to learning terminology is to break down each word into parts and learn the most common roots, prefixes, suffixes, and combing forms.
6 Root Word Suffix Prefix Root Definition - the foundation of the word Gives substance to the meaning.Like a box car in a train, they give the train volume and substance.They come in a variety of different sizes and volumes.There can be more than one in a word.SuffixRootPrefixCombining Form
11 Word StructureRoot WordPrefixSuffixCombining VowelCompound Word
12 PrefixWord that precedes/BEFORE the root, modifying the roots meaning to form a new word.Alone they have some meaning, but they are not complete words without the rest of the word parts.They are like the train’s engine with its whistle.Leads the train and announces the coming train.Without the box cars, together with the engine there is not a complete train.
13 Prefix Examples - 1 A-, an- Not, Without Anti- Opposing, Against Brady- SlowDe- Away fromDys- Difficult
25 Word Structure: Suffix Example:Root Word + Suffix New wordTonsil + -itis Tonsilitis-itis = inflammation of Inflammation of the tonsils
26 Exercise on Suffixes Hyper- adrenocortic -________ (state…) (Adrenal cortex)Acar/i -________ (tick/mite infestation)Gastr/i-________(inflammation of the stomach lining)
27 Word StructureRoot WordPrefixSuffixCombining VowelCompound Word
28 Word Structure: Combining Vowel Vowel commonly used: “o”General Rule 1: If the suffix starts with a consonant, connect the rootword and the suffix with the vowel “o”.Example 1:Root Word + CV Suffix New wordCardi + -o- -logy Cardiology“Heart” study of Study of the heart
29 Word Structure: Combining Vowel Vowel commonly used: “o”General Rule 2: If the suffix starts with a vowel (a,e,i,o,u) DO NOT USE the vowel “o”.Just attach the suffix to the root word.Example 2:Root Word + Suffix New wordHepat/o -osis Hepatosisliver -disease process - disease process in the liver
30 Word Structure: Combining Vowel Vowel commonly used: “o”General Rule 3: If the suffix begins with the same vowel as the root word, DO NOT repeat the vowel.Example 3:Root Word + Suffix New wordCardi -itis Carditisheart inflammation of - inflammation of the heart
31 Word StructureRoot WordPrefixSuffixCombining VowelCompound Word
32 Word Structure: Compound Word Rootword 1 + CV Rootword 2 + Suffix New wordHeart worm HeartwormMedi + “o” + later + -al MediolateralCrani + “o” + caud/al al CraniocaudalDors + “o” palm +-ar Dorsopalmar
33 Review: Word Structure What is a Root Word?Where can you find a prefix in a word?Where can you find a suffix in a word?What is the most commonly used vowel?a. If first letter of suffix = consonant?b. If first letter of suffix is = vowel?c. If first letter of suffix = last letter of RW?Create a compound word.
34 Create a Word Activity For each group there are three “dice.” PrefixRootwordSuffixEach person is to take three rolls of each dice to create three words.Write out the correct notation, including combining vowels/words and its meaning.