Presentation on theme: "What is recycling? When recycling waste is processed and transformed into new materials. Recycling is divided into direct and indirect. Fast recycling."— Presentation transcript:
What is recycling? When recycling waste is processed and transformed into new materials. Recycling is divided into direct and indirect. Fast recycling is re-use the case without further modifications (typical recycling is direct re-use of car parts from the scrap yard). Indirect re-use through recycling involves reprocessing of waste material.
Waste sorting. Waste management from environmental impact to this order: 1st Minimizing waste - you decide to buy, how much waste we produce 2nd Sorting and recycling of waste - where the waste is mixed, it can not be longer to sort and process, it is no longer necessary to separate waste at home 3rd Disposal of waste - waste that can no longer benefit from the disposed
How much produce waste? o Each of us throws for about 150 to 200 kg of waste. o However, if we sort waste at home and put them into colored containers allow the recycling of more than one third of this amount. o For the year so you can sort out the paper to 30 kg, 25 kg of plastics, 15 kg of glass. If you are different types of waste properly filed, and allow further processing. o Waste Throw in the color of the container and takes a large car on the Concentration final sort line. o Then goes to processing companies, where the waste generated from new products - this process is called recycling.
The packaging. Arrows with a number or initials tell us about the material from which the packaging is made. According to them, we know where the container. Where do we cover later discarded.
Doll with a basket means that the package we used to throw into the container. If it is the packaging of chemical products, read the information from the manufacturer, if the packaging does not require a specific method of treatment. If there are any hazardous substances, carried away into the hazardous waste collection center or collection by the courts.
Green Point means that the package paid to the EKO-KOM, which ensures the collection and recovery of packaging waste. If you buy a package on which the Green Point brand means that the manufacturer pay for recycling. So when you finish drinking lemonade or biscuits, drop them into color packaging container.
How to sort? Wastes, we should sort at home, later sorting of waste is often not possible - mixing the waste and pollute the blind. Eg. greasy paper no longer be processed.
Collection of paper the blue tank The blue containers are designed to: newspapers, magazines, office paper, advertising leaflets, books, notebooks, boxes, cardboard, cardboard, paper packaging (eg pouches) Not the blue containers: wet, greasy or otherwise contaminated paper, waxed paper and carbon, used diapers and toiletries.
Use paper Paper waste delay into a special blue containers are made of many different types of paper. The other paper is a newspaper from an entirely different box from the TV. Each paper is also treated differently. Therefore it is necessary to recovered paper on individual species. The line is belt, after which the mixture of paper and personnel moves along the belt from him collect different types of paper, then it must choose the rubbish thrown there by irresponsible people. Final sort of paper is pressed into bales and brings to the mill for processing. Compressed recovered paper will serve to produce new paper, as if made of wood, added to the mixture to produce paper. Paper can be recycled as follows about five to seven times. Products made of recycled paper: newsprint, books, cardboard boxes, packaging for eggs, toilet paper, etc.
Collection of plastic yellow container Yellow containers are designed to: PET bottles of beverages (please do not forget to hit the!), Cups, bags, foil products and plastic packaging, polystyrene Do not yellow containers: pipes, containers from hazardous substances (motor oil, chemicals, paints, etc.)
Use plastic I plastics, which are tossed into the yellow containers are dotřiďují the dotřiďovací line. Mixture of migrating to the plastic strip are manually collected PET bottles, foil and styrofoam, which have special separate treatment. Workers from the belt and throw dirt into the plastic outside. Final sort plastics, including the remaining mixture of plastic waste is pressed into bales for processing and collecting the recycling line. Each type of plastic is processed by different technologies, because they have different composition and properties. The PET bottles are manufactured fibers, which are used as a filler in winter jackets and sleeping bags or added to the so-called stress carpets. The film (bags and bags) is again produced films and various bags, such as waste. Styrofoam is used for the production of special bricks. A mixture of plastic can be produced garbage bins, garden furniture, porous pavement, noise walls for highways, etc.
The collection of beverage cartons red tank If your village beverage cartons collected them into containers or bags marked with orange label. The more information you can ask your local municipal office or, or. the company that you tie the waste If your town still do not collect cardboard boxes, left nothing more than a blow up mixed waste.
Use cartons Beverage cartons can be recycled in two ways: The paper mills - paper make up most of the package, so it can process it as waste paper. Residues of aluminum and polyethylene can be used directly in the mill for the production of steam or hot water or further processed for pallets, etc. The special line - beverage cartons, grinding and grit hot pressed into slabs, which can be used such as building insulation. That line also works in the CR.
Collection of glass green container Green containers are designed to: beverage bottles, glass containers, glass shards - sheet glass Do not green containers: pottery, porcelain, Autosklo, wire glass and mirrors
Use glass Glass waste from green container is first manually and remove the largest pieces of debris. Then the pieces travel on a special computer-controlled automatic line, where the mixture through a sieve crusher system adapted to the quality demanded by the processor. Mixture of small fragments are removed impurities (caps and other small objects) and crushing to the desired size. During the production of white glass never take care of colored glass. In addition, there may not get any other dirt, metal, ceramics, porcelain, etc. A mixture of colored or clear glass, weigh the processing to the glassworks. Modified mixture of fragments is added to the starting mixture to produce new glass. When it saves both energy and quantity of primary materials by glass, so you can actually use forever. Most often this produces glass containers again and other glassware.