Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Thanks for the Memories! Gabby Feltner and Caroline Vierod.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Thanks for the Memories! Gabby Feltner and Caroline Vierod."— Presentation transcript:

1 Thanks for the Memories! Gabby Feltner and Caroline Vierod

2 Background Elizabeth Loftus- Memory Research at University of Washington Memories are reconstructions of an actual event Presupposition: “A condition that must be true in order for the question to make sense”

3 Experiment 1  150 students  Video of 5 car chain-reaction accident  Question 1: “How fast was car A going when it ran the stop sign?”  Question 2: “How fast was the car going when it turned right?”  Both asked “Did you see a stop sign for car A?”  40 subjects (53%)with question 1  26 subjects (25%) with question 2

4 Experiment 2 40 subjects Video of 8 demonstrators disrupting a class Question 1: “Was the leader of the 4 demonstrators male?” Question 2: “ Was the leader of the 12 demonstrators male?” “How many demonstrators did you see entering the classroom?” Average of 6.40 demonstrators (Q1) Average of 8.85 demonstrators (Q2)

5 Experiment students Video of a car speeding down a country road Question 1: “How fast was the white sports car going when it passed the barn while traveling along the country road?” Question 2: “How fast was the white sports car going while traveling along the country road?” New question: “Did you see a barn?” 13 students (17.3%) with question 1 2 students (2.7%) with question 2

6 Experiment 4 50 subjects Video of a car hitting a baby carriage Group D: Direct question group, 40 filler questions, 5 key questions about non-existent objects Group F: False Presupposition group, same questions that contained presuppositions about same non-existent objects Group C: Control group, only 40 filler questions One week later, 20 new questions, 5 same key questions

7

8 Conclusion Memories are not accurate Recent Applications: -Eyewitness testimonies not reliable -Loftus new focus on repressed memories Controversy: Subjects mostly university students


Download ppt "Thanks for the Memories! Gabby Feltner and Caroline Vierod."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google