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Robust Low Power VLSI R obust L ow P ower VLSI Synthesizing SRAM timing and Periphery using Synopsis By: Jim Boley.

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Presentation on theme: "Robust Low Power VLSI R obust L ow P ower VLSI Synthesizing SRAM timing and Periphery using Synopsis By: Jim Boley."— Presentation transcript:

1 Robust Low Power VLSI R obust L ow P ower VLSI Synthesizing SRAM timing and Periphery using Synopsis By: Jim Boley

2 Robust Low Power VLSI Previous work μm x 15.12μm = 814.1μm 2  Bitcell array layout complete  DRC clean, LVS…not working  Timing and decoder simulated and synthesized

3 Robust Low Power VLSI Timing/Periphery Synthesis } } BL Drivers BLB Drivers <- Decoder output

4 Robust Low Power VLSI Constraints file set_driving_cell -lib_cell NBUFFX16 -pin Z [get_ports clk] set_driving_cell -lib_cell NBUFFX4 -pin Z [get_ports {read enable}] set_load [expr 16 * [load_of saed90nm_typ_ht/INVX2/INP] ] [all_outputs]  set_driving_cell- sets input fan in  set_load- sets output fan out

5 Robust Low Power VLSI Final Steps  Finish bitcell array- (power grid, add body contacts, add pins)  Convert layout into a Milkyway Library  Create final top level verilog netlist  Place and route using ICC

6 Robust Low Power VLSI Converting Layout to a Milkyway Library 6

7 Robust Low Power VLSI Step 1  Two options for exporting the layout:  GDS (Stream)  LEF

8 Robust Low Power VLSI Step 2  Create new milkyway library

9 Robust Low Power VLSI Step 3  Import GDS or LEF  Cell Library -> Stream In  Cell types: standard cell, pad cell, filler cell, macro. If blank, default is std cell  Layer file- converts GDS to milkyway. If none, layer names defined in GDS are retained by milkyway

10 Robust Low Power VLSI Step 4  Create the FRAM view, used for place and route  For macros use Cell->Make Macro Abstract

11 Robust Low Power VLSI Step 4  Extract blockage- allows you to completely block certain routing layers or keep all blockage information  Extract pin by text- easier if text layer matches pin layer

12 Robust Low Power VLSI Final Steps  Set PR Boundary  Cell Library->Set PR Boundary  Define unit tile wire tracks  Wire Tracks-> Define Unit Tile Wire Tracks

13 Robust Low Power VLSI Run ICC Place and Route 13

14 Robust Low Power VLSI Create Top Level Verilog module top ( adr, read, enable, clk, data_in, BL, BLB, WL, data_out ); input [3:0] adr; input [15:0] data_in; output [15:0] BL; output [15:0] BLB; output [15:0] WL; output [15:0] data_out; input read, enable, clk; timing_1 tim (.adr(adr),.read(read),.enable(enable),.clk(clk),.data_in(data_in),.BL(BL),.BLB(BLB),.WL(WL),.data_out(data_out) ); bitcell_array bitcells (.WL(WL),.BL(BL),.BLB(BLB)); endmodule

15 Robust Low Power VLSI Reference the Milkyway Library Definitions.tcl: create_mw_lib -technology../ref/techfiles/saed90nm_icc_1p9m.tf\ -mw_reference_library {../ref/saed90nm_fr bitcell_array}\ -hier_separator {/}\ -bus_naming_style {[%d]}\ -open./SRAM_TOP set tlupmax"../ref/tluplus/saed90nm_1p9m_1t_Cmax.tluplus" set tlupmin"../ref/tluplus/saed90nm_1p9m_1t_Cmin.tluplus" set tech2itf"../ref/tluplus/tech2itf.map" set_tlu_plus_files -max_tluplus $tlupmax \ -min_tluplus $tlupmin \ -tech2itf_map $tech2itf import_designs -format verilog\ -top top\ -cel top {../source/top.v} source../source/constr.sdc

16 Robust Low Power VLSI Load setup.tcl & definitions.tcl  Tool will complain that the bitcell_array does not have a corresponding logic cell description…this is okay

17 Robust Low Power VLSI Floorplan and power grid created

18 Robust Low Power VLSI ERROR! Unable to place bitcell array  Unable to get past this error  Tried creating milkyway library from LEF file, but icc was not able to recognize ports

19 Robust Low Power VLSI Periphery placed and routed  Was able to place and route periphery cells  Final dimensions: 127um x 34 um  Original bitcell array size: 53.84μm x 15.12μm Synthesized periphery 5.3X larger than bitcell array

20 Robust Low Power VLSI Pitch Matching  Goal: 1x1 matching of periphery cells to bitcells  Vertical pitch of std cell 3x that of bitcell  Solutions: place 3 std cells horizontally Increase pitch of bitcell  Better solution: create standard cells whose pitch match the bitcell

21 Robust Low Power VLSI Conclusions  Standard cell library cells are not suited for SRAM periphery  Periphery usually consumes on 20% of total area because it is pitch matched to the bitcells  Place and route tool could be useful for doing top level routing (assuming placement information could be easily passed to the tool)

22 Robust Low Power VLSI Why I didn’t like Synopsys  No online forums for answering questions (like cadence has)  Nothing worked the first time  Spent 70% of my time debugging the tool, some problems could not be overcome  Tech support infrastructure not adequate (i.e. working tutorials, wiki FAQs, students with experience)  Conclusion: changing tools = huge start up cost

23 Robust Low Power VLSI Questions? 23


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