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A Hierarchical Splitting Scheme to Reveal Insight into Highly Self-Occluded Integral Surfaces Andrea Brambilla Ivan Viola Helwig Hauser University of Bergen

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Andrea Brambilla 1 of 19 Flow Phenomena and Visualization Wikipedia

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Andrea Brambilla Raw Data Wikipedia 2 of 19

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Andrea Brambilla Flow Features Vortex Saddle Wikipedia 3 of 19

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Andrea Brambilla Integral Structures Wikipedia 2 of 19

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Andrea Brambilla Integral Structures Streamline Path line Streak lines Time line Wikipedia 3 of 19

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Andrea Brambilla 3 of 19 Integral Structures Streamline Path line Streak lines Time line Stream surface Path surface Time surface Wikipedia

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Andrea Brambilla 3 of 19 Integral Structures Streamline Path line Streak lines Time line Stream surface Path surface Time surface Wikipedia

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Andrea Brambilla 4 of 19 Integral Surfaces

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Andrea Brambilla 4 of 19 Integral Surfaces

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Andrea Brambilla 4 of 19 Integral Surfaces

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Andrea Brambilla 5 of 19 Cluttering & Self Occlusion

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Andrea Brambilla 6 of 19 Surface Splitting

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Andrea Brambilla 6 of 19 Surface Splitting

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Andrea Brambilla 6 of 19 Surface Splitting

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Andrea Brambilla 7 of 19 A Generic Splitting Framework Surface Pieces Importance Cut Space Cut Selection and Splitting Complexity Measure Visualization and User Interaction

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Importance Andrea Brambilla 7 of 19 A Generic Splitting Framework Surface Pieces Cut Space Cut Selection and Splitting Complexity Measure Visualization and User Interaction

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Importance Andrea Brambilla 7 of 19 A Generic Splitting Framework Surface Pieces Cut Space Cut Selection and Splitting Complexity Measure CUT! Visualization and User Interaction

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Andrea Brambilla 7 of 19 A Generic Splitting Framework Surface Pieces Cut Space Cut Selection and Splitting Complexity Measure Visualization and User Interaction Importance

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Andrea Brambilla 7 of 19 A Generic Splitting Framework Surface Pieces Cut Space Cut Selection and Splitting Complexity Measure Visualization and User Interaction Importance

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Andrea Brambilla 7 of 19 A Generic Splitting Framework Surface Pieces Cut Space Cut Selection and Splitting Complexity Measure Visualization and User Interaction Importance

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Andrea Brambilla 7 of 19 A Generic Splitting Framework Surface Pieces Cut Space Cut Selection and Splitting Complexity Measure Visualization and User Interaction

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Andrea Brambilla 7 of 19 A Generic Splitting Framework Surface Pieces Importance Cut Space Cut Selection and Splitting Complexity Measure Visualization and User Interaction

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Andrea Brambilla 8 of 19 Existing Approaches Li et al. 08: - building blocks - blocks relationships Karpenko et al. 08: - parallel planes - symmetries Bruckner and Gröller 06: - user defined cuts - view dep. occlusion

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Andrea Brambilla 8 of 19 Existing Approaches Li et al. 08: - building blocks - blocks relationships Karpenko et al. 08: - parallel planes - symmetries Ruiz et al. 08: parallel planes - information theory Bruckner et al. 06: - user defined cuts - view dep. occlusion

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Andrea Brambilla 9 of 19 Cut Space: Surface Parameterization No building blocks

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Andrea Brambilla 9 of 19 Cut Space: Surface Parameterization No building blocks Arbitrary cuts not effective

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Andrea Brambilla 9 of 19 Cut Space: Surface Parameterization No building blocks Arbitrary cuts not effective

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Andrea Brambilla 9 of 19 Cut Space: Surface Parameterization No building blocks Arbitrary cuts not effective Parameterization seeding point integration time Cut space given by stream / path lines time lines (s p, t p ) (s p, 0)

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Andrea Brambilla 9 of 19 Cut Space: Surface Parameterization No building blocks Arbitrary cuts not effective Parameterization seeding point integration time Cut space given by stream / path lines time lines Preserve surface semantic

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p1p1 pivot Andrea Brambilla 10 of 19 Surface Complexity How much a point «occludes» the rest of the surface Visualization tools typically employ polar view p2p2

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p1p1 pivot Andrea Brambilla 10 of 19 Surface Complexity p2p2 X1X1 X2X2 cpx(p 1 ) = 3cpx(p 2 ) = 2 For every point p How much a point «occludes» the rest of the surface Visualization tools typically employ polar view cpx(p) = | X |

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Andrea Brambilla 11 of 19 Surface Complexity

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cpx(p) = | X | p1p1 pivot Andrea Brambilla 12 of 19 Surface Complexity p2p2 X1X1 X2X2 cpx(p 1 ) = 3cpx(p 2 ) = 2 Including the importance cpx(p) = = ∑ x ∈ X importance(x) For every point p How much a point «occludes» the rest of the surface Visualization tools typically employ polar view

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Andrea Brambilla 13 of 19 Cut Selection and Splitting Choose the cut Ω that reduce occlusion the most

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Andrea Brambilla 13 of 19 Cut Selection and Splitting Choose the cut Ω that reduce occlusion the most CPX(Ω) = length(Ω) -1 ∙ ∫ Ω cpx(p)dp p1p1 p2p2 p3p3 p4p4 p5p5 p6p6 p8p8 p9p9 p7p7

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Andrea Brambilla 13 of 19 Cut Selection and Splitting Choose the cut Ω that reduce occlusion the most Complexity already computed for every point p Average complexity over potential cuts The cut with the highest complexity is chosen The (piece of) surface is cut CPX(Ω) = length(Ω) -1 ∙ ∫ Ω cpx(p)dp

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Andrea Brambilla 14 of 19 Surface Splitting

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Andrea Brambilla 14 of 19 Surface Splitting Cut Space Complexity Cut Space Complexity

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Andrea Brambilla 14 of 19 Surface Splitting

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Andrea Brambilla 14 of 19 Surface Splitting

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Andrea Brambilla 15 of 19 Interaction

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Andrea Brambilla 15 of 19 Interaction

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Andrea Brambilla 15 of 19 Interaction

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Andrea Brambilla 16 of 19 Results - Gas Leak

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Andrea Brambilla 17 of 19 Results - Gas Leak

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Andrea Brambilla 18 of 19 Summary & Future Work So what? the proposed generic framework can help designing succesful splitting and explosion algorithms our splitting approach is the first which can effectively subdivide integral surfaces the complexity measure adequatly approximate the degree of self-occlusion of a surface And then? extend the approach to path and other kinds of surfaces (or even volumes) improve the versatility of the visualization system boost performances via a GPU implementation

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Andrea Brambilla Thanks for your attention! Questions? Thanks to GexCon AS and AVL providing the datasets The project SemSeg acknowledges the financial support of the Future and Emerging Technologies (FET) programme within the Seventh Framework Programme for Research of the European Commission, under FET-Open grant number of 19

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A. Brambilla 19 of 19 Flow in a Box

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Andrea Brambilla 19 of 19 Surface Splitting

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Andrea Brambilla 19 of 19 Surface Splitting

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Andrea Brambilla 19 of 19 Surface Splitting

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Andrea Brambilla 19 of 19 Interaction

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Andrea Brambilla 19 of 19 Interaction

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Andrea Brambilla 19 of 19 Interaction

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Andrea Brambilla 19 of 19 Gas Leak

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Andrea Brambilla 19 of 19 Gas Leak

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Andrea Brambilla 19 of 19 Gas Leak - Right Vortex

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A. Brambilla 19 of 19 Thanks for your attention! Questions? Thanks to GexCon AS and AVL providing the datasets The project SemSeg acknowledges the financial support of the Future and Emerging Technologies (FET) programme within the Seventh Framework Programme for Research of the European Commission, under FET-Open grant number

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p Andrea Brambilla Surface Complexity How much a point «occludes» the rest of the surface Precise evaluation not feasible!

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Andrea Brambilla Surface Complexity

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Andrea Brambilla Surface Complexity p1p1 pivot p2p2 p3p3 cpx(p) = ∑ x ∈ X importance(x) ∙ abs( nrm(p) ● r / |r| )

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