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1 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release United States Joint Forces Command United States Joint Forces Command Joint Concept Development and Experimentation.

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Presentation on theme: "1 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release United States Joint Forces Command United States Joint Forces Command Joint Concept Development and Experimentation."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release United States Joint Forces Command United States Joint Forces Command Joint Concept Development and Experimentation (JCD&E) Interagency and Multinational Information Sharing Architecture and Solutions (IMISAS) Baseline Assessment Report Overview 7 December 2010 United States Joint Forces Command United States Joint Forces Command Joint Concept Development and Experimentation (JCD&E) Interagency and Multinational Information Sharing Architecture and Solutions (IMISAS) Baseline Assessment Report Overview 7 December 2010 Mr. Stephen Sullivan, CTR Capstone Corporation IMISAS Project Lead Analyst Joint Concept Development & Experimentation USJFCOM, J9

2 2 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release Agenda Overview Research Gaps Validation and Potential Solutions Next Steps

3 3 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release Agenda Overview Research Gaps Validation and Potential Solutions Next Steps

4 4 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release IMISAS Concept National / Inter-agency Multi-national NGO / Private Combatant Commands Shared Environment Text Chat File Transfer User Defined Information Sharing UN / Inter-governmental User Defined Information Sharing Policies Processes Procedures Culture Firewalls Web Servers Gateways Servers Produce Info Publish Info Collect Info

5 5 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release What is a Baseline Assessment? A deliberate process / product to understand the problem and propose solutions o Identifies required capabilities o Identifies capability gaps (current/planned ability vs. required) o Proposes solutions Prerequisite for experimentation

6 6 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release Problem Statement FY 11 Warfighter Challenge #1: USEUCOM and USAFRICOM require the capability to share essential information with Interagency partners, Coalition and Alliance partners, or emerging partner nations' in bi- lateral or multinational efforts. The capability gap is the result of: 1)restrictive network access and information sharing policies; 2)restrictive and cumbersome accreditation procedures for coalition networks and systems; 3)lack of a coherent / unified strategy for a whole of government (to include foreign government) approach to an information sharing / collaborative environment; and 4)resourcing to support that environment and its associated network enterprise services. Problem Statement: COCOMs lack a coherent framework / capability to share information and collaborate across multiple domains with a broad range of mission partners (government / interagency, multi-national, multi-lateral & private sector) due primarily to restrictive policies, conflicting authorities, ad hoc / non-existent procedures, business rules and non- interoperable networks and systems.

7 7 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release Discovery 1. Gather USEUCOM & USAFRICOM UIS Requirements 2. Review current UIS platforms in use : (APAN, HarmonieWeb, InRelief.org, CimicWeb) 3. Collect data produced by other UIS requirements gathering efforts 4. Explore cross domain aspects 5. Examine best attributes of the current platforms and develop recommendations for enhancements to UIS capabilities Timeline Engagement Activities 1.Community of Interest conference calls 2.Interviews, conferences, meetings 3.USEUCOM / USAFRICOM Site Visit 4.Gap and Solution Conference Gaps & Solutions Conference Sept 17 Dec 30 Dec 7 Nov 24 Dec 9 Nov 15 Nov 19 USEUCOM USAFRICOM Site Visit Draft BAR Final BA Report Discovery Community Engagement Requirements Assessment Gaps / Analysis Potential Solutions

8 8 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release Where we are in the BA Process Objective 1 Objective 3 Objective 2 Project Performance-Based Work Statement (PBWS) Statement of the Military Problem Outcome 1 Outcome 2 Objective 1 Objective 3 Objective 2 Phase 4: Identify Potential Solutions ID Existing / “Potential Solutions” Prioritize Solutions / Solution Sets Re-assess Gap Risk Phase 2: Focus the Assessment Literature Review /Source Review Spreadsheet Capabilities Crosswalk CLAs and Metric Development Conceptual Model Synthesis and Report BA Recommendations Input to POA&M Project POA&M CD&E Recommendations Phase 3: Identify the Gaps Gap Identification Assessment Gap Prioritization Phase 1: Frame the Assessment Purpose, Background, Context (JCAs) Draft Methodology and Timeline Draft Constraints, Limitations and Assumptions (CLAs) and Study Issues 1 = Assessment Review 23 4 # Conference

9 9 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release Agenda Overview Research Gaps Validation and Potential Solutions Next Steps

10 10 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release Systems / Tools Overview Snapshot of Discovery Web portals o APAN v4.0 with proposed enhancements o HarmonieWeb o InRelief Cross Domain o CDCIE (SIPRNET / NIPRNET / Public Domains) Networks o Afghan Mission Network (AMN) CWID Technologies Web 2.0 tools (e.g., Facebook, Twitter, Flickr) Geographic Information System (GIS) tools Cloud Computing

11 11 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release Documents (1 of 4) Over 300 documents reviewed assessed in depth Literature selections are posted on Conference Portals Listing Multinational and other Mission Partners (MNMP) C2 Information Sharing Capability Definition Package (CDP) (USJFCOM) DoD Information Sharing Implementation Plan (ISIP) (ASD-NII / CIO) Interagency Shared Situational Awareness (IA SSA) Project (Final Report) (USJFCOM) Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Capabilities for Support of Stabilization and Reconstruction, Disaster Relief, and Humanitarian and Civic Assistance Operations (ASD-NII / CIO)

12 12 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release

13 13 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in Development and Relief Settings (CARE USA) Unclassified Information Sharing Capability (UISC) Concept of Operations (Joint Staff) Agile Coalition Environment (ACE) Capability Gap Analysis (Report) (Referentia, Mr. Tim Williams) Interagency National Security Professional Education, Administration, and Development System Act of 2010 (INSPEAD System Act of 2010) (Congress) Controlled Unclassified Information (POTUS) Joint Distributed Operations (JDO) Limited Objective Experiment (LOE) – Human Factors Analysis (HFA) (USJFCOM) A Guide to Strengthened Civil-Military Cooperation in the Combatant Commands Area of Responsibility (USJFCOM) Agile Coalition Environment (ACE) Freedom within a Framework (SPAWAR) HARMONIEWeb: A Collaboration Portal for US Joint Forces Command that Supports Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (MicroLink) Documents (2 of 4)

14 14 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release A Snapshot of Emerging U.S. Government Civilian Capabilities to Support Foreign Reconstruction and Stabilization Contingencies (IDA) Defense Intelligence Information Enterprise – Enabling Mission Powered Partnerships (OUSD-I) DoD Enterprise Services Designation, Collaboration, Content Discovery, and Content Delivery (ASD-NII / CIO) Humanitarian and Civic Assistance (HCA) Activities (OUSD-P) Irregular Warfare (DoD) Implementing Procedures for the Humanitarian and Civic Assistance (OUSD-P) Transnational Information Sharing Cooperation (TISC) Joint Capability Technology Demonstration (JCTD) (Brief) (DISA) Transnational Information Sharing Cooperation (TISC) Joint Capability Technology Demonstration (White Paper) (TISC JCTD Integrated Management Team) Humanitarian and Civic Assistance (HCA) Program (DSCA) UnityNet: A Globally Deployable Sensor for 'White' Information (DIA) Joint Medical Executive Skills Development Program (DoD) Documents (3 of 4)

15 15 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release Documents (4 of 4) DoD Information Assurance Certification and Accreditation Process (DIACAP) (ASD-NII/CIO) Joint Warfighting Collaboration Required Capabilities - Synchronous (Joint Staff) Joint Warfighting Collaboration Required Capabilities – Asynchronous/Portal (Joint Staff) Civilian – Military Cooperation Policy (paper) (USAID) Interagency Shared Situational Awareness (IA SSA) Guide (USJFCOM) Stability Operations (OUSD-P)

16 16 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release Site Visit (1 of 4) Takeaways Culture DoD organizational culture creates unintended barriers to information sharing and collaboration resulting in misunderstandings, lack of trust and ultimately missed opportunities to save lives Within DoD Across the “Whole of Government” International Community Predominantly non-military operations (HA/DR) often present cultural challenges for the DoD Shift toward a push rather than pull information mentality with partners A mindset and behaviors that focus on what DoD can provide rather than what we need Organizational culture paradigm shift toward encouraging trust

17 17 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release Site Visit (1 of 4) Takeaways Culture Lack of understanding of organizational culture differences between the DoD and Non- Governmental Organizations (NGOs) / Private Volunteer Organizations (PVOs) complicates information sharing and collaboration o Charters o Neutrality o Independence DoD information assurance structures and information security policies and procedures are often not communicated clearly to potential mission partner organizations o Misunderstandings, frustration, and lost time and effort o Missed opportunities to save lives

18 18 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release Site Visit (2 of 4) Takeaways Policies and Procedures Both Combatant Commanders identified a need for: o Strategy /policy to effectively integrate social media information o Improved processes and procedures to streamline inclusion of partners into existing systems and networks o Standardized Knowledge Management (KM) and business rules for DoD communications support to Department of State (DoS) and “ Whole of Government” during operations o A model which enables information sharing – consider “creator as releaser" for UNCLASSIFIED information Combatant Commanders experience: o Frustration with Common Access Cards (CAC) – a need for streamlined, intuitive and less burdensome procedures o Ambiguities in interpretation of unclassified information sharing policies contributing to lost opportunities to engage partners o

19 19 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release Policies and Procedures (Continued) HA / DR mission analysis is required to: o Identify interagency roles, responsibilities, authorities and information exchange requirements o Utilize embedded interagency representatives and Liaison Officers (LNOs) more effectively to build better awareness of partner capabilities and limitations DoD needs to define the education, training, and qualification requirements for services to interact more successfully as part of a “Whole of Government” approach to sharing information in HA / DR operations Site Visit (3 of 4) Takeaways

20 20 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release Site Visit (4 of 4) Takeaways Technical Different network focus between European and African Commands o USEUCOM primarily works on SIPRNET (Secret Internet Protocol Router Net) o USAFRICOM works on NIPRNET (Nonsecure Internet Protocol Router Net) Large variance in communication capabilities and capacity across Africa Wireless infrastructure consistently robust in Europe, but less mature in Africa Geospatial situational awareness and User-Defined Operational Picture (UDOP) are essential for operational response Multilingual chat is important in both theatres Technical and procedural incompatibilities impede accessibility and transfer of information between DoS and Combatant Commanders

21 21 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release Agenda Overview Research Gaps Validation and Potential Solutions Next Steps

22 22 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release Identify the Gaps Purpose: Identify and prioritize current (or future) force deficiencies Identify shortfalls in capability, capacity or authority Identify gap between the “as-is” or “current state of art and practice” to requirements needed to mitigate/solve the problem Develop and implement process for grouping and selection of gaps Establish a methodology and appropriate venues for prioritizing gapsprioritizing Determine the required capability Determine if the Joint Force has a capability gap Are Gaps: -A Joint issue? -Observable/ measurable in an experiment? -Addressable within time/ resources of project? Determine if gaps are being fully addressed by ongoing or planned efforts Are the gaps in Capability, Capacity, and/or Authority? List of experiment- able gaps Gap Analysis Solution Analysis LEGEND Gap Validation Conference N N Y Y Your input is the is the key to success Input to Conference Not a project experiment candidate

23 23 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release GAPS (1 of 3) Culture HA / DR - partner first strategy and policies Cross domain from the non-DoD perspective o Fixing intrusive personal data requirements – portals o Information push priority / mentality / behaviors o Intuitive user interfaces – regional / partner perspective o Streamlined partner inclusion procedures Paradigm shift – understanding and acceptance of non-DoD roles, responsibilities and authorities Inclusion of non-traditional media and sources – social networks Understanding / addressing “Disadvantaged User” needs

24 24 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release GAPS (2 of 3) Policy and Procedures “Whole of Government” approach Enabling engagement with non-traditional and ad hoc partners Enabling the “Disadvantaged User” Balancing Information sharing / security requirements Knowledge management and business rules Integration of social media Training and education

25 25 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release GAPS (3 of 3) Technical Cross domain guard technologies Disadvantaged user Geo-Spatial Information/UDOP/Situational Awareness Identity management Language translation

26 26 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release Agenda Overview Research Gaps Validation and Potential Solutions Next Steps

27 27 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release Identify Potential Solutions Purpose: Propose solutions to mitigate the Warfighter problem Identify gap mitigating strategies Assess sufficiency and effectiveness of incremental improvements Identify potential change agent(s)/organization(s) Assess the time, cost, and impact involved with potential solutions. Are Solutions: -Joint Solutions? -Observable in an experiment? -Addressable within time and resource of project? Not a project experiment candidate Identify potential gap solutions Too much cost or time Too little impact Adequate cost, time, and impact List of experiment- able gaps Gap Analysis Solution Analysis LEGEND Gap Validation Conference 8 Solution Validation List of experiment solutions 12 N Y Post Conference

28 28 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release Gap Validation and Potential Solutions Conference Prioritize requirements Vet, prioritize and rank gaps Identify potential solutions

29 29 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release Data Collection Participant Information Instructions Priority/ Remarks Requirements Gaps Solutions Requirements Prioritize Gaps Vet, prioritize, rank Solutions Identify, rank

30 30 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release Agenda Overview Research Gaps Validation and Potential Solutions Next Steps

31 31 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release Next Steps Post Conference Review the list of validated and prioritized gaps and potential solutions – the output of this conference Refine potential solutions Assess the feasibility and risks associated with potential solutions Capture findings and recommendations in the Baseline Assessment Report Provide input to the Initial Planning Conference (IPC) and Workshops Continued engagement, the BAR is just a first step

32 32 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release Contact Info Stephen Sullivan (Analysis Lead) Capstone Corporation Jimmie Pelton (Analysis) Capstone Corporation Ken Swenson (Technical Lead) Northrop Grumman Stan Howard (Technical) * TCX Conference Facilitators * Tom Stites (Operations Lead) ARINC Len LeValla (Culture) TASC Dick McCrillis (Culture) * TASC Paul Danks (Policy and Procedures) * KCG

33 33 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release Questions?

34 34 UNCLASSIFIED – Approved for Public Release


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