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Strategies for successful financings with commercial lenders Ted Kavanagh Director, Mining and Metals Americas February 2009.

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Presentation on theme: "Strategies for successful financings with commercial lenders Ted Kavanagh Director, Mining and Metals Americas February 2009."— Presentation transcript:

1 Strategies for successful financings with commercial lenders Ted Kavanagh Director, Mining and Metals Americas February 2009

2 2 Important Notice The information in this document (this “Document”) is for information purposes only. This Document will form part of a verbal briefing by members of the Standard Bank Group (as defined below) and cannot be relied on or used in isolation therefrom. This Document does not constitute an offer of any kind or a solicitation of an offer and does not imply that information contained herein is correct as of any time subsequent to the date of issue. You are to rely on your own independent appraisal of and investigations into all matters and things contemplated by this Document. Whilst every care has been taken in preparing this Document, no representation, warranty or undertaking (express or implied) is given as to the accuracy, completeness or reasonableness of the information or statements contained herein and no responsibility or liability whatsoever is accepted by Standard Bank Plc, Standard New York Securities, Inc., ZAO Standard Bank or their respective subsidiaries, holding companies or affiliates from time to time (together, the “Standard Bank Group”) for any direct or consequential loss resulting from the use of this Document. All opinions and estimates contained in this Document may be changed after publication at any time without notice. This document has been sent to you for your information only and may not be reproduced or redistributed to any other person. By accepting this document, you agree to be bound by the foregoing limitations. Standard Bank Plc is authorized and regulated in the United Kingdom by the Financial Services Authority (“FSA”) and entered in the FSA’s register (register number 124823). Value Added Tax identification number 625861525. ZAO Standard Bank is authorized and regulated in the Russian Federation by the Central Bank of the Russian Federation (“CBR”) and entered into CBR’s register (register number 3431) and Unified State Register (register number 1027744007246). Standard New York Securities, Inc. is a member of the NASD and SIPC and is not a bank. Standard Bank Plc, Cannon Bridge House, 25 Dowgate Hill, London EC4R 2SB Value Added Tax identification number 625861525

3 3 Agenda  A little bit about Standard Bank  How the current environment impacts new financings  debt availability  deal structure  project finance  Care and maintenance of your existing financing relationships  Financial health in the international banking industry  What can my bank do for me?  Strategies for a successful credit application  Conclusion

4 4 Standard Bank  Largest bank in SA and Africa  Focused on high growth economies outside SA  Strongly capitalized  Strategic alliance with ICBC  Strong liquidity  A- rating  Low volatility of trading revenues  Total assets US$178 billion (June 2008)  Present in 37 countries around the world – Africa; Argentina; Brazil  Result:  Strongly performing share price relative to peers  Ability to tap the markets in market stress  Positive press and analyst reports  Aiming to be the “go to” emerging markets bank

5 5 20 year track record of annual earnings growth >20% and ROE >20% ROE track recordEarnings Growth $929m CAGR (HY2002-HY2008) 20% Diversified Earnings Asset Growth Closing USD/ZAR = 7.82 Average USD/ZAR =7.65 (30 June 2008) ICBC new capital creates short term drag Long track record of profitability and shareholders returns... Source: Standard Bank Annual Financial Report

6 6 How the current environment impacts new financings…

7 7 Monthly average copper, nickel, gold prices Source: LME, Kitco

8 8 12-month volatility -- monthly average for copper, nickel, gold Source: LME, Kitco

9 9 Canadian project closures…suspensions…slow-downs September Campbell Res. – Copper Rand October Ursa Major – ShakespeareFirst Nickel – Lockerby FNX – LevackNorth American Palladium – Lac des Iles Breakwater – Langlois, Myra FallsSherritt – Ft Saskatchewan Liberty – Redstone, McWatters November Thompson Crk – EndakoMerit Mining – Greenwood Xstrata – Craig, Thayer LindsleyTeck – Trail smelter Imperial – Mt PolleyWestern Cdn Coal – Willow Creek December Vale – Copper CliffAcadian – Scotia First Metals – FabieDe Beers – Snap Lake January HudBay – Chisel NorthThompson Creek – Endako  Not to mention projects NOT shut down but limping along

10 10 Evolution in interest rates – last 36 months Source: Bloomberg

11 11 Impact on debt availability  Near evaporation in availability of new money through December 2008 on any terms  Increase in margin  Invocation of market disruption clauses – LIBOR is a fiction  MAC clauses?  Heightened scrutiny on usual credit parameters (tenor, coverage ratios, reserve tail) – no more “covenant lite”  Too few new deals to speak of “generic” structural impacts  Banks returning to their homelands, and shrinkage of acceptable geography? (DRC, Argentina)  Availability of equity as a component of overall financing

12 12 What can happen in 6 months? High River Gold  Start-up problems at gold operations in Burkina Faso and Russia  Multiple facilities and lenders  Dec 2008 -- equity infusion by Severstal Orezone  $450m Essakane gold project development in Mali  $40m facility from SB as bridge to PF  Falling gold price reduces debt capacity  Dec 2008 -- IAMGOLD acquisition Equinox  Dec 2006 -- $580m debt facilities for development of $715m Lumwana Cu project in the DRC  January 2008 – 75% construction complete  July 2008 – fire at Lumwana substation and transformer delays Q3 start-up  October 2008 -- $80m supplemental debt facility from SB and SC  Dec 2008 – production of first copper concentrate Talvivaara  June 2007 – Green light for €450m ($600m) nickel project in Finland  Open pit mining and bio- heapleach recovery  $320m PF facility arranged  Hedging associated with debt facility covers 30% of ’09-’11 production (worth $250m at mid-December)  Sep 2008 – €30 bridge as CPs were met  Oct 2008 – first metal recovery

13 13 Care and maintenance of your existing financing arrangements

14 14 Critical elements of relationship  Be proactive!  Communication  Know your credit agreement  covenants  amendments – the third rail  Pricing  Ancillary business

15 15 Financial health of the international banking industry…

16 16 Bank mergers and reorgs in the last 2 years

17 17 Evolving market cap/ranking of selected mining/metals banks Source: Bloomberg 1 15 1 6 5 43 21 22 49 57 3 4 19 12 26 41 73 5

18 18 What’s up with the banks?  No one is feeling particularly “healthy”  Laser-like concentration on year-end balance sheet (upside for 2009?)  Re-emphasis on “core” businesses and “core” geographies  Aversion to underwriting as opposed to “take and hold” or club deals  Retreat/absorption by investment banks which had been occasional lenders

19 19 What can my bank do for me…

20 20 …and how should this impact my choice of service provider?  Familiarity with, and access to, various financing options  Working capital and pre-export financing  Metal loans and swaps  Strategic partners; off-take agreements; sale of royalty  Access to ECAs – EDC, US Ex-Im, ECIC, KfW, Sinosure  Metal trading and hedging  Access to capital markets  Broad advisory capability

21 21 Strategies for a successful credit application

22 22 What is the proper approach  Be realistic  Metal prices  Production rates, recovery, etc.  Hedging  User-friendly models  Down-size or staged start-up  Be conservative  Reserves versus resources  Technology  Be cautious  Management; directors; reporting  Pursue multiple avenues  Seek name-brand advisors  Access equity when available  Be patient

23 23 Conclusions

24 24 Conclusions  Banks have suffered across the board and in the sector, along with their corporate clients  The party is over with respect to rates and terms – overall relationship profitability is key  Focus on robust projects with solid management/operators  Environment will favour capability and commitment on both sides of the table

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