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© Matthias Rauterberg, /26 Entertainment Computing - Social Transformation and the Quantum Field Matthias Rauterberg Eindhoven University of Technology The Netherlands 2009
© Matthias Rauterberg, /26 Interaction Paradigms in Computing time Personal computing Man-machine-interaction Cooperative computing Computer-mediated-interaction Social computing Community-mediated-interaction Cultural computing Kansei-mediated-interaction
© Matthias Rauterberg, /26 What is Culture? Culture is the integration pattern of human behavior that includes - attitudes, - norms, - values, - beliefs, - actions, - communications and language - institutions of a race, ethnic, religious and/or social group. The word culture comes from the Latin root colere (to inhabit, to cultivate, or to honor). In general, it refers to human activity; different definitions of culture reflect different theories for understanding, or criteria for valuing, human activity. Anthropologists use the term to refer to the universal human capacity to classify experiences, and to encode and communicate them symbolically. They regard this capacity as a defining feature of the genus Homo.
© Matthias Rauterberg, /26 Year-layer Century - layer Millennium - layer Universal - layer Culture on different layers
© Matthias Rauterberg, /26 Cultural Computing : Kansei mediation Attitudes Norms Values Beliefs Etc. Nakatsu R., Rauterberg M., Salem B. (2006). Forms and theories of communication: from multimedia to Kansei mediation. Multimedia Systems, 11(3), Attitudes Norms Values Beliefs Etc. conscious unconscious
© Matthias Rauterberg, /26 In 1932 the discoveries of Sigmund Freud about the unconscious in particular were revolutionary. His treatment of neuroses allowed inspection of a “hidden” part of the mind. Freud divided the mind into two parts: the preconscious (ideas and memories capable of becoming conscious), and the unconscious (desires, impulses, and wishes of a mostly sexual and sometimes destructive nature). All human thought is partly a conflict between the preconscious and unconscious, and partly a compromise to pursue pleasure whilst avoiding danger and dealing with the realities of life. First Discovery: discovery of the hidden part of mind ( )
© Matthias Rauterberg, /26 After 1910 the discoveries of Carl Gustav Jung about the collective unconscious and the related archetypes were challenging. Jung dreamt a great deal about the dead, the land of the dead, and the rising of the dead. These represented the unconscious itself -- not the "little" personal unconscious that Freud made such a big deal out of, but a new collective unconscious of humanity itself, an unconscious that could contain all the dead, not just our personal ghosts. Jung began to see the mentally ill as people who are haunted by these ghosts, in an age where no-one is supposed to even believe in them. If we could only recapture our mythologies, we would understand these ghosts, become comfortable with the dead, and heal our mental illnesses. Second Discovery : discovery of the collective unconscious ( )
© Matthias Rauterberg, /26 Most notably, the theory about morphogenetic fields of Rupert Sheldrake in 1981 reveal a substantial change in the way how we should look at reality. He developed the idea of morphogenetic fields, and has researched and written on topics such as animal and plant development and behavior, telepathy, perception and metaphysics. For example, Sheldrake began working in the 1990s on the alleged telepathic powers of animals, which he thinks could be explained by morphic resonance between two brains. Reference: Sheldrake, R. (1981). A New Science of Life: The Hypothesis of Formative Causation. Third Discovery : fields beyond energy and matter (1942--) (video, 4:03)
© Matthias Rauterberg, /26 Global Consciousness Project Princeton, New Jersey, USA Roger Nelson Mindsong MicroREG (video, 2:30)
© Matthias Rauterberg, /26 The World of Quantum Mechanics Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) Paradox locality Albert EinsteinNathan Rosen non- locality David BohmAlain Aspect A. Einstein, B. Podolsky, and N. Rosen, Can quantum-mechanical description of physical reality be considered complete? Phys. Rev. 47, 777 (1935).
© Matthias Rauterberg, /26 Cultural Computing: the collective unconscious
© Matthias Rauterberg, /26 Culture: the East Bodhidharma AC Siddharta Gautama 563 – c.480 BC Lao-Tse c c.521 BC Enlightenment Zen
© Matthias Rauterberg, /26 ZENetic computer (2003) massachusetts institute of technology Naoko Tosa Seigo Matsuoka Cultural Computing
© Matthias Rauterberg, /26 ZENetic computer (video, 3:43) Cultural Computing
© Matthias Rauterberg, /26 Culture: the West René Descartes Immanuel Kant res cogitans - mind res extensa - body, matter, etc synthetic a priori knowledge: - time - space both pure forms of intuition and pure intuitions.
© Matthias Rauterberg, /26 Culture in East and West Cross-cultural psychologist’s juxtapose Eastern holistic and Western analytic reasoning. Eastern reasoning embraces contradictions among objects in a yin–yang field of constant change. Western reasoning tends to focus on objects and categories, and is driven by formal logic. Nisbett RE., Peng K., Choi I. & Norenzayan A. (2001). Culture and Systems of Thought: Holistic versus Analytic Cognition. Psychological Review, 108(2),
© Matthias Rauterberg, /26 What would be a Western equivalence to ZENetic Computer? Possible Answer: - an interactive experience based on the story of Alice in Wonderland Charles Lutwidge Dodgson
© Matthias Rauterberg, /26 ALICE-Lab at TU Eindhoven:
© Matthias Rauterberg, /26 Planning and Modeling
© Matthias Rauterberg, /26 Stage-1: In the Park
© Matthias Rauterberg, /26 Stage-2: Down the Rabbit Hole Flow stair lift (video, 1:03)
© Matthias Rauterberg, /26 Stage-3: Drink me – Eat me Five sides Cave (video, 1:25)
© Matthias Rauterberg, /26 Stage-5: The Caterpillar ‘Who are YOU?’ said the Caterpillar. This was not an encouraging opening for a conversation. Alice replied, rather shyly, ‘I–I hardly know, sir, just at present– at least I know who I WAS when I got up this morning, but I think I must have been changed several times since then.’ ‘What do you mean by that?’ said the Caterpillar sternly. ‘Explain yourself!’ ‘I can’t explain MYSELF, I’m afraid, sir’ said Alice, ‘because I’m not myself, you see.’ ‘I don’t see,’ said the Caterpillar. (video, 2:18)
© Matthias Rauterberg, /26 Stage-6: The Cheshire Cat ‘‘Come, it’s pleased so far,’ thought Alice, and she went on. ‘Would you tell me, please, which way I ought to go from here?’ ‘That depends a good deal on where you want to get to,’ said the Cat. ‘I don’t much care where–’ said Alice. ‘Then it doesn’t matter which way you go,’ said the Cat. (video, 0:19)
© Matthias Rauterberg, /26 Stages 1-6: an overview (video, 8:57)
© Matthias Rauterberg, /26 Let’s get aware about our connections to the collective unconscious… Thank you for your attention. Team Members Sjriek Alers Dimar Aliakseyeu Chet Bangaru Christoph Bartneck Marco Combetto Razvan Cristescu Jun Hu Elco Jacobs Joran Jessurun Tijn Kooijmans Hao Liu Jeroen Peerbolte Matthias Rauterberg Ben Salem Christoph Seyferth Vanessa Sawirjo Joran van Aart Dirk van de Mortel Geert van den Boomen Ton van der Graft Arrens van Herwijnen Tijn van Lierop Chee Fai Tan
© Matthias Rauterberg, /26 Memetics and Morphogenetics: the Duality of Knowledge Matthias Rauterberg Eindhoven University of Technology The Netherlands.
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