Presentation on theme: " COMMEDIA DELL’ARTE. IIM PROVISATIONAL THEATER- TRAVELING TEAMS OF LAYERS WOULD SET UP AN OUTDOOR STAGE AND PROVIDE AMUSMENT IN THE FORM OF JUGGLING,"— Presentation transcript:
IIM PROVISATIONAL THEATER- TRAVELING TEAMS OF LAYERS WOULD SET UP AN OUTDOOR STAGE AND PROVIDE AMUSMENT IN THE FORM OF JUGGLING, ACROBATICS, AND MORE TYPICALLY HUMOROUS PLAYS BASED ON REPERORIE OF ESTABLISED CHARACTERS WITH A ROUGH STORYLINE CALLED CANOVACCIO. It's performed outside The characters are always the same Masks are used None or not many props are used Not much speech is use It is based around a scenario and is then made up There's no script
MANY MALE COMMEDIA DELL’ARTE CHARACTERS WERE DEPICTED BY ACTORS WEARING MASKS,ALTHOUGH THE ARMOROSI ( OR LOVERS) DID NOT WEAR MASKS. FEMALE CHARACTERS, HOWEVER, WERE USUALLY NOT MASKED, UNTIL THE 1800S. UNLIKE THEIR ENGLISH CONTEMPORARIES ( SEE SHAKESPEARE), COMMEDIA TROUPES USUALLY EMPLOYEDFEMALE ACTRESSES FOR FEMALE ROLES. THE THEATRICAL DEVICE OF MEN IN WOMEN’S CLOTHING AND WIGS WAS USED FOR HUMOR.
Language was no barrier, with their skillful mime, stereotyped stock characters, traditional lazzi's (signature stunts, gags and pranks), masks, broad physical gestures, improvised dialogue and clowning they became widely accepted wherever they traveled. In later years, the tradition spread all over Europe, eventually adopting a major French influence where many of the scenarios were scripted into commedia-style plays.
The new ideals of humanism, although more secular in some aspects, developed against a Christian backdrop, especially in the Northern Renaissance. Much, if not most, of the new art was commissioned by or in dedication to the Church.  However, the Renaissance had a profound effect on contemporary theology, particularly in the way people perceived the relationship between man and God.  Many of the period's foremost theologians were followers of the humanist method, including Erasmus, Zwingli, Thomas More, Martin Luther, and John CalvinChristianNorthern Renaissance Church theology ErasmusZwingliThomas MoreMartin LutherJohn Calvin
2.1 Italian War of 1494– Italian War of 1499– War of the League of Cambrai 2.4 Italian War of 1521– War of the League of Cognac 2.6 Italian War of 1536– Italian War of 1542– Italian War of 1551–59 The Italian Wars are one of the first major conflicts for which extensive contemporary accounts from people involved in the wars are available, owing largely to the presence of literate—and often extremely well educated— commanders Italian Wars ( ) Series of violent wars for control of Italy. Fought largely by France and Spain but involving much of Europe, they resulted in the Spanish Habsburgs dominating Italy and shifted power from Italy to northwestern Europe and its Atlantic world. The wars began with the invasion of Italy by the French king Charles VIII in 1494.Charles VIII