Presentation on theme: "THE MONARCHY OF ISRAEL 1 &2 Samuel and 1&2 Kings – The HISTORICAL BOOKS."— Presentation transcript:
THE MONARCHY OF ISRAEL 1 &2 Samuel and 1&2 Kings – The HISTORICAL BOOKS
These books include religious truths within historical frameworks. Styles Oracle- consists of words of wisdom or advice given by God through a spokesperson. Poetry- many of the psalms are attributed to King David ( a musician and poet.) The psalms have parallel structure and rhythm. Parallel structure- a numbered verse has several parts that continue, contrast or overlap each other. Rhythm – is based mostly in part on the syllables in a line and stresses on words.
The Iron Age – the Philistines mastered the technology of new tools & weapons The control of metal gave the Philistines economic advantage over the Israelites. The Israelites knew they Needed to build a strong Nation and were persistent In creating a monarchy. They sought a king. KING SAUL KING DAVID KING SOLOMON
Monarchy- rule by a single head of state Dynasty- a succession of rulers in the same family line, frequently father to son. The prophets spoke of a King or successor to David who would be the Messiah. Tracing the Davidic line (descendants of David) became important to establish a messiah’s authenticity and authority.
KING SAUL His reign was short and unsuccessful Bothered by “evil spirits” and comforted by David. Died after being wounded in a battle with the Philistines. Considered a tragic figure in the history of Israel.
KING DAVID David's first and foremost drive is to have a relationship with God. We get the glimpse of the beauty of his soul when we read the Psalms, most of which he wrote. \ Who doesn't know: The Lord is my shepherd I shall not want... (Psalm 23) The Lord is my light and my salvation, whom should I fear... (Psalm 27) I lift my eyes to the mountains ― from where will my help come? My help comes from the Lord, Maker of heaven and earth... (Psalm 121)
From David will come all the future kings of Judah and ultimately, at the end of history, the Messiah. (Jesus) David is responsible for making Jerusalem the capital of Israel. King David is determined to build a “Temple of God”. King David is married to Bathsheba who becomes the mother of Solomon.
KING SOLOMON Son of David and Bathsheba. Early in his career King Solomon prayed for discernment between good and evil. This brought him to be in favor with God. The Song of Solomon ( Song of Songs) Book of Wisdom ( Wisdom of Solomon) Ecclesiastes Proverbs All associated with Solomon, though he was probably not the author.