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Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 1: Seeds and Seed Preparation After completing this lesson, you have learned to answer: 1.What is the foremost prerequisite.

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Presentation on theme: "Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 1: Seeds and Seed Preparation After completing this lesson, you have learned to answer: 1.What is the foremost prerequisite."— Presentation transcript:

1 Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 1: Seeds and Seed Preparation After completing this lesson, you have learned to answer: 1.What is the foremost prerequisite for a healthy chili pepper crop? 2.What seed treatments are practiced in chili pepper before the seeds are sown? 3.What for seed hardening is recommended? 4.What is the procedure for seed hardening? 5.What is the seed treatment done to prevent shoot fly infestation? 6.What is the seed treatment done to prevent ergot infestation?

2 Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 1: Seeds and Seed Preparation A healthy crop with good yields starts with the use of well selected seeds for sowing. To get the required plant stand, healthy and good fruits with well-filled seeds need to be selected at the time of harvesting. Seed from such fruits are stored in a well ventilated with low moisture conditions. Use certified quality seeds of hybrids and improved varieties recommended for the area.

3 Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 1: Seeds and Seed Preparation The seed should be treated with appropriate chemicals prior to planting to prevent seed-borne diseases as well as soil pests which are common in the field during the earlier years. The seeds are also treated with some biofertilizers for easy and enhanced availability of important nutrients like nitrogen and phosphorus. Seed hardening is also practiced for better germination.

4 Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 1: Seeds and Seed Preparation The following are the seed treatment practices: Seed hardening is done by soaking the seeds in 2% (20 g in one liter of water) potassium dihydrogen phosphate solution for 6 hours. Use 350 ml of solution for soaking one kg of seed. Dry the seed in shade to original moisture level.

5 Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 1: Seeds and Seed Preparation The following are the seed treatment practices: The seeds of chili pepper are treated with the 300 mesh Sulfur 4 gm of sulfur per kg of seeds for controlling the smut disease. The seeds are soaked in 30% salt solution (3 kg of common salt in 10 liters of water). Ergot affected seeds which float are removed to avoid the incidence of ergot disease.

6 Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 1: Seeds and Seed Preparation The following are the seed treatment practices: Seeds are treated with Carbofuran to prevent shoot fly infestation. Treat the seeds with three packets each of Azospirillum (600 g) and Phosphobacterium to enhance the availability of nitrogen and phosphorus.

7 Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 1: Seeds and Seed Preparation The seed treatment is done manually for small amount of seeds. Large amount of seeds can be treated using a seed treating drum Seed treating drum


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