Presentation on theme: "Dr. Stacey L. Aronow Souderton Area High School Souderton, PA"— Presentation transcript:
1Scaling the AP Language Mountain: Managing the Paper Load for Rookie Rhetoricians Dr. Stacey L. AronowSouderton Area High SchoolSouderton, PASheryl L. Miller HoseyCouncil Rock High School SouthHolland, PA
2Dr. Stacey L. Aronow 15 years teaching high school English 9-12 4 years teaching AP Language and CompositionAward-winning journalism instructor13 years as newspaper adviser4 years teaching at the university level (graduate-level education courses)Block schedule in a suburban, middle to upper-middle class school with 2,200 students, AP classes average students each with 5 sections offered
3Sheryl L. Miller Hosey 18 years of teaching experience 12 years at current high school4 years teaching AP Language and CompositionSpecialization in teaching Shakespeare through performance, public speaking and theatreTraditional schedule in a suburban, upper-class school with 2,450 students, AP classes average students each in 3 sections offered
4Block vs. Traditional Schedules Block at SoudertonFour 90-minute periods on a 4X4 schedule (teachers teach 3 and change students mid-year)Fall semester: September – JanuarySpring semester: February – JuneTraditional at Council RockNine 55-minute periods(teachers teach 5 with same students all year)Fall semester: August – JanuarySpring semester: January – June
5Quality vs. QuantityWe believe that it is not about how MUCH students write; rather, it is about how WELL they write.Ultimately, students benefit more from learning how to write effectively even if they turn work in less frequently.Our time should be spent on assessing the students’ best work rather than rushed or sloppy work.
6Tips to Encourage Top-quality Student Work Students thesis statements to teacherTeacher can then provide specific, clear, personal response efficiently.Thesis statement must be approved prior to a pre-set date.Use of comprehensive, interactive peer edit sheets and conferencing. See handout for example.Essay ReflectionsPrior to submitting final essay, students compose a reflective piece (approximately 1/2 page) detailing thought process behind essay development and peer-editing experience. See handout for example.
7Tips to Encourage Effective and Efficient Assessment of Writing In research papers, students highlight citations (primary and secondary) in two different colors.In thesis-driven essays, students highlight thesis statement, topic sentences, and summative comment in the conclusion.When focus is on specific rhetorical devices, sentence patterns, etc., have students identify and label them.Provide clear, specific instruction sheet/rubric.Grade portions of essay prior to completion so that it can be assessed in stages.Students assess each others’ work using the AP rubric; teacher gives cursory read and grade of 1-9.
8Strategies for the AP Language and Composition Classroom The creative writing process can still be useful and valuable in an AP environment.1A. To add a bit of poetry, students create one per season and must use certain teacher-identified devices. Students label them on the poem.
9Example of Seasonal Poem Using Rhetorical Devices Please see handout for poem by Jaclyn Sattler entitled “Fall.”
10Strategies for the AP Language and Composition Classroom 1B. To add a bit of poetry and check in with summer reading, students can create a “ShrinkLit.”
11Strategies: ShrinkLit Assignment “ShrinkLit” Assignment for Summer Reading NovelsAdvanced Placement English 11Ms. Miller HoseyCouncil Rock HS SouthShrinkLits – “…process whereby books undergo a kind of constructive distillation which boils out the fat and renders the meat [so to speak] into verse, making it at once more lucid and palatable” (SagoffShrinkLits).Assignment: Choose one of the novels assigned for summer reading and write a ShrinkLit. Your composition must be in verse form, and it must rhyme. Sarcasm and humor are acceptable as long as the content is appropriate for class. Your ShrinkLitmust be at least 15 lines in length, and it must have a title.Submit 2 copies; one should be decorated for classroom display whereas the other should be text-only for assessment purposes.Point Value: 25 pointsShrinkLit for Frankenstein by Mary Shelley-Maurice Sagoff (ShrinkLits)In his occult-science labFrankenstein creates a flabWhich, endowed with human will,Very shortly starts to kill.First, it pleads a lonely lifeAnd demands a monster-wife;“Monstrous!” Frankenstein objects,Thinking of the side-effects.Chilled with fear, he quits the scene,But the frightful man-machineFollows him in hot pursuitBumping people off en route,Till at last it stands, malign,By the corpse of Frankenstein!Somewhere in the northern mists-Horrid thing- it still exists…Still at large, a-thirst for gore!Got a strong lock on your door?
12Strategies: ShrinkLit Example Please see handout for poems by Jaclyn Sattler entitled “Bromance” and Molly Barson entitled “Tonight.”
13Strategies: Six-Word Narratives Six-word narratives provide a change of pace from the “usual” essay-driven curriculum. Based on the book Six-Word Memoirs: By Writers Famous & Obscure, students are given a topic and are asked to express the essence of that topic by “showing” and “telling” in six words.Please see handout for book review.Examples:Job/work: “It’s a party with PG-13 cast.”TV show synopsis: “9 to 5; bored to death.”What not to say to parents: “When can I move back in?”
14Strategies: Short In-Class Assignments 3. Not every unit/stylistic technique has to conclude in a three-five page essay. For example:Students are given a list of possible process-analysis topics. They must provide illustrative examples of each.Students then choose one and develop it into a one-paragraph analysis (rather than a long paper).
15Strategies: Short In-Class Assignments Process Analysis Process Analysis ExerciseAP CompositionProcess Analysis Brainstorming ExerciseA process you go through every day unconsciously or with little thoughtA process you go through mentally every day (preparation for sport, etc.)A process you have gone through when learning something newA process that you thoroughly enjoyA process that is universal, but you do it differently than most other peopleA process somebody else goes through that irritates youA process that you see somebody you admire go throughA process that you go through in less than a minuteA process that you go through that takes several hoursA process that takes several years. You may be going through it now, or you may have gone through the entire process.A process you learned at schoolA process you go through for a hobby or sportA process somebody goes through every day at workA process everybody goes through but nobody enjoysA fictional process that you could describe to make a point about something (maybe ironically)A process that you have gotten better at over timeA process you have gone through after a great lossA process you have gone through after experiencing great successA process that failedA process that led to successA process that you have improvedA process you go through when meeting a new person or a particular personA process that works, although it seems as if it wouldn’tA process about which most people know very littleAny other process about which you would like to write
16Strategies: Short In-Class Assignments Causal Analysis Written Group Work is OK!Causal Analysis Exercise and Example (in handout)AP CompositionTask: You and your partner are two of the country’s foremost authorities on the subject of adolescent stress. You both have been asked to serve as the keynote speaker at this year’s foremost convention on adolescent issues. Prepare a speech analyzing the major causes of stress for people age (Be creative, clever, and fun!)Focus:Make your purpose clear.Label your purpose.Content:Concentrate on proximate as opposed to remote causes.Be clear on the three kinds: necessary, contributory or sufficient.Label each cause.(Consider reviewing pages in your composition textbook.)Organization:The introductory paragraph states clearly the elements of the causal relationship.Supporting paragraphs illustrate the causes (occur in the past) and present a direct line of analysis to effects (occur in present or future).The concluding paragraph evaluates or makes recommendations.Style:Feel free to use the formal or informal voice and write in the 1st or 3rd person.Use at least one example each of four sentence patterns learned in class. Label each sentence pattern.Include at least four schemes and four tropes. Label them.Experiment with tone. It can be serious, foreboding, humorous, sarcastic, etc.Conventions: Edit for correctness.Be prepared to deliver your causal analysis speech to the class (in other words, the rest of the country’s leading authorities on the subject of adolescent stress) using your best presenter persona.
17Strategies: Short In-Class Assignments Visual Rhetoric Visual Rhetoric PracticeStudents each bring in two or three ads from magazines/newspapers.In pairs students determine which two of the ads most connect and reflect a certain idea.They then develop a one-two page analysis essay that contains a thesis connecting the two ads.The teacher has to grade only one-half of the number of essays!
18Strategies: Short In-Class Assignments Visual Rhetoric Visual Rhetoric AssignmentAP Composition - Visual Rhetoric Analysis(Synthesis Essay Practice)Working with a partner, your assignment is to write a one-two page analysis of two advertisements. Each member of the group should choose one of the ads he or she brought to class. As a group, develop a thesis which integrates the analysis of both ads. In the analysis, you must include the following:an explanation of what you believe to be the advertisers’ strategies in persuading the reader to buy their productan explanation of what the advertisers believe to be important to (or just true about) the reader and how the ad reflects that beliefBe sure to include any information (such as visual text, verbal text, location, etc.) from the ads that help you to formulate your response.The assignment is worth 40 points.Consider appropriate MLA format and essay structure.Attach this rubric to the essay.Be prepared to share your analysis with the rest of the class.Please turn in two copies of your essay, making sure that all group members’ names are listed as the top of the first page.
19Strategies Cont. 4. Games! You’ve Been Sentenced A board game that can be purchased and adapted for use in the classroom (McNeill Designs)Rhetorical Devices gamesCards found Within 5 Steps to a 5 (McGraw-Hill)Terms Triple Play (Applied Practice)
21Non-fiction Unit Using an Analysis Essay Assignment OneNon-fiction Unit Using an Analysis EssayUnit consists of excerpts from Douglass, King, Lincoln, Malcolm X, Obama, Jefferson, Chief Seattle.Each student must create his or her own AP prompt and answer it.
22Example of Non-fiction Assignment Nonfiction Analysis Essay Grade RubricThis writing assignment must include a minimum of two works we have read within this nonfiction unit and be a standard five-paragraph essay. It should also include an analysis of the use of argumentation, persuasion, and/or diction.Prompt (20 points)Introduction (15 points)Three sentence minimum 3 pointsA powerful opening sentence that grabs the reader’s attention 2 pointsThesis sentence that clearly explains your position on the topic (answering the prompt you created) 5 pointsEvidentiary overview, arranged effectively 5 pointsMain Points (100 points)Topic sentences with clear ideas (sentences also provide transitions) 20 pointsIntelligent, thoughtful development with specific details 40 pointsRelevant, integrated quotes and examples (with citations) 20 pointsClosing sentences that synthesize and re-align on the topic 20 pointsConclusion (15 points)Restates thesis in a clear, concise, and powerful manner 5 pointsProvides synthesis and evaluation 10 pointsConventions (25 points) Formal essay conventions are to be followed.Total=175
23Example of Student Non-fiction Essay Please see handout for essay by Joy Wang that compares the inaugural addresses of Presidents Abraham Lincoln and Barack Obama.
24Assignment Two Creating Short Stories and Skits Using Schemes, Tropes, and Sentence PatternsIn order to break up the usual routine, students develop and perform skits using rhetorical elements that are currently being studied in class.Students are often given a list of 8-10 schemes, tropes, and sentence patterns.It’s not unusual for students to turn their skits into ongoing episodes that they portray throughout the course.Please see handout for example.
25Synthesis Essay Practice: Tiger Moms Assignment ThreeSynthesis Essay Practice: Tiger Moms(Based on AP List Serve Ideas)See handout for the sources that coincide with this assignment.Prompt #1: Much attention has been given lately to Amy Chua's recently released memoir Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother. After having her excerpt published in The Wall Street Journal, Chua has received fierce criticism, even a couple of death threats, because of her stance on parenting. In an essay that synthesizes at least three of the sources for support, evaluate the most important factors that a parent should consider when trying to achieve the best for his or her child.Prompt #2: In an essay that synthesizes at least three of the sources for support, evaluate whether society should or should not have a say in a parent's decision to help his or her child achieve his/her best. Your essay will be evaluated on your response to the prompt and the use of sources to support your position. Standard formal English as well as MLA conventions should be used.
26Synthesis Essay Rubric (Tiger Moms) AP Language and CompositionSynthesis Essay/Tiger MomsName: _________________________________Prompt Number: _________________________________Introduction /15three sentence minimum (3)powerful opening sentence (2)thesis sentence/answer to prompt (5)evidentiary overview (5)Evidence /70topic sentences (10)development (20)quotes and examples from three sources and seamlessly incorporated (20)show connections between sources (10)closing sentences (10)Conclusion /15restates thesis (5)synthesis and evaluation (5)explain the logic as to how you arrived at the conclusion you did, based on theinformation provided in the sources (5)Conventions /25Attribute both direct and indirect citationsStandard EnglishTotal: _________/125
27Synthesis Essay Example Please see handout for essay by Martin Silberberg.
28Essay Analysis/Presentations Assignment FourEssay Analysis/PresentationsOne essay analysis spread throughout the semester.Teacher grades only four at a time!
29Essay Analysis/Presentations Assignment and Rubric Essay Analysis (A Souderton AP Language Team Assignment)One of your weekly assignments will be to analyze an essay written by one of the authors listed at the bottom of this page. Your analysis must be between 2 and 2.5 pages and include the following:A paragraph which includes important biographical information and significant literary contributions of your author.An analysis of the main ideas or themes of the essay and of how the author’s style helps to convey those ideas effectively. You may do any of the following in analyzing your author’s style:Identify several significant uses of the schemes and tropes and explain how they help the author to effectively convey his or her ideas.Analyze the author’s use of diction and syntax and explain how they help the author to effectively convey his or her ideas.Analyze the types of sentences the author uses (functional, grammatical, rhetorical) and explain why he or she uses these types.Analyze the author’s tone.You will submit an analysis of a different writer’s work for each essay analysis, and you will present your information to the class two or three times throughout the course of the semester. You must provide each member of the class a copy of your analysis on the day you present. You may not discuss an essay already presented by another student, and the same essayist’s work may not be presented more than twice.Listed below are the writers whose works you may analyze:18th Century (and earlier)19th Century20th CenturyMontaigne George Eliot James ThurberBen Jonson Walter Pater Albert CamusJohn Milton Henry David Thoreau Russell BakerJoseph Addison James R. Lowell Loren EisleyJonathan Swift W.D. Howells Aldous HuxleyOliver Goldsmith Margaret Fuller E.M. ForsterCharles Lamb Thomas Carlyle Annie DillardFrancis Bacon Matthew Arnold George SantayanaJohn Dryden Fredrick Douglass Norman CousinsJohn Lock Washington Irving E.B. WhiteRichard Steele Ralph Waldo Emerson James BaldwinAlexander Pope Edgar Allan Poe Kurt VonnegutThomas Paine Herman Melville Martin Luther KingThomas Jefferson Nathaniel Hawthorne Virginia WoolfKing Solomon G.K. Chesterton Gloria SteinemLewis ThomasNathaniel BenchleyYou may not analyze the following: “I Have a Dream” by MLK; “A Modest Proposal” by Swift; “Once More to the Lake” by White; “My Wood” by Forster; “Of Idols” by Bacon.It is your responsibility to choose an essay, not a short story.
30Essay Analysis/Presentations Example Please see handout for essay by Craig Birchall entitled “Men and Menstruation.”
31Closing CommentsTime to think/pair/share!Questions/Answers
32Thank You Students of Souderton Area High School: Craig Birchall, Andrea Gurgick, David Kim, Morgan Kratz, Spencer KulhanjianStudents of Council Rock High School South:Molly Barson, Jaclyn Sattler, Martin Silberberg, Joy WangCouncil Rock School District for copying and shipping materialsSouderton Area School District AP Language teachers for their willingness to share materials